Piecing Together the Student Success Puzzle: Research, Propositions, and Recommendations: ASHE Higher Education Report / Edition 1

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Creating the conditions that foster student success in college hasnever been more important. As many as four-fifths of high schoolgraduates need some form of postsecondary education to beeconomically self-sufficient and manage the increasingly complexsocial, political, and cultural issues of the 21st century. Butabout 40 percent of those who start college fail to earn a degreewithin 6 or 8 years, an unacceptably low number.

This report examines the complicated array of social, economic,cultural and educational factors related to student success incollege, defined as academic achievement, engagement ineducationally purposeful activities, satisfaction, acquisition ofdesired knowledge, skills and competencies, persistence, andattainment of educational objectives.

Although the trajectory for academic success in college isestablished long before students matriculate, most institutions cando more than they are at present to shape how students prepared forcollege and they they engage in productive activities after theyarrive.

This is the 5th issue of the 32nd volume of the Jossey-Bassseries ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monographis the definitive analysis of a tough higher education problem,based on thorough research of pertinent literature andinstitutional experiences. Topics are identified by a nationalsurvey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned towrite the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of eachmanuscript before publication.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780787997762
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 4/20/2007
  • Series: J-B ASHE Higher Education Report Series (AEHE) Series, #116
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 200
  • Sales rank: 1,469,819
  • Product dimensions: 9.00 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 0.47 (d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary vii

Foreword xiii

Introduction, Context, and Overview 1

Definitions and Conceptual Framework 7

Major Theoretical Perspectives on Student Success in College13

Sociological Perspectives 13

Organizational Perspectives 15

Psychological Perspectives 16

Cultural Perspectives 17

Economic Perspectives 19

Summary 19

The Foundation for Student Success: Student BackgroundCharacteristics, Precollege Experiences, and Enrollment Patterns21

Student Demographics 21

Family and Peer Support 29

Academic Preparation and Motivation to Learn 34

Enrollment Choices and Patterns 39

Summary 42

Student Behaviors, Activities, and Experiences Associatedwith Student Success 43

College Activities 45

A Closer Look at Engagement in Effective Educational Practices54

Student Characteristics 61

Summary 66

Notes 66

Institutional Conditions Associated with Student Success69

Structural and Organizational Characteristics 71

Programs and Practices 79

Summary 102

Propositions and Recommendations for Student Success inPostsecondary Education 105

Propositions and Recommendations 106

Needed Research 123

A Final Word 130

Appendix A: Note on Research Methods 131

Appendix B: Indicators of Student Success in PostsecondaryEducation 133

References 135

Name Index 169

Subject Index 176

About the Authors 181

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