Pigs and Humans: 10,000 Years of Interaction

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Overview

Pigs are one of the most iconic but also paradoxical animals ever to have developed a relationship with humans. This relationship has been a long and varied one: from noble wild beast of the forest to mass produced farmyard animal; from a symbol of status and plenty to a widespread religious food taboo; from revered religious totem to a parodied symbol of filth and debauchery.

Pigs and Humans brings together some of the key scholars whose research is highlighting the role wild and domestic pigs have played in human societies around the world over the last 10,000 years. The 22 contributors cover a broad and diverse range of temporal, geographical, and topical themes, grounded within the disciplines of archaeology, zoology, anthropology, and biology, as well as art history and history. They explore such areas as evolution and taxonomy, domestication and husbandry, ethnography, and ritual and art, and present some of the latest theories and methodological techniques. The volume as a whole is generously illustrated and will enhance our understanding of many of the issues regarding our complex and ever changing relationship with the pig.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199207046
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 2/3/2008
  • Pages: 500
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 6.20 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Umberto Albarella is Research Fellow in Archaeology at the University of Sheffield.

Keith Dobney is Wellcome Trust Bioarchaeology Fellow at the University of Durham.

Anton Ervynck is Fellow of the Institute for the Archaeological Heritage of the Flemish Community in Brussels.

Peter Rowley-Conwy is Reader in Environmental Archaeology at the University of Durham.

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Table of Contents


List of figures     xviii
List of tables     xxvi
List of authors     xxviii
Introduction   Umberto Albarella   Keith Dobney   Anton Ervynck   Peter Rowley-Conwy     1
Evolution and Taxonomy
Current views on taxonomy and zoogeography of the genus Sus   Colin Groves     15
Current views on Sus phylogeography and pig domestication as seen through modern mtDNA studies   Greger Larson   Umberto Albarella   Keith Dobney   Peter Rowley-Conwy     30
The molecular basis for phenotypic changes during pig domestication   Leif Andersson     42
The History of Pig Domestication and Husbandry
The transition from wild boar to domestic pig in Eurasia, illustrated by a tooth developmental defect and biometrical data   Keith Dobney   Anton Ervynck   Umberto Albarella   Peter Rowley-Conwy     57
Culture, ecology, and pigs from the 5th to the 3rd millennium BC around the Fertile Crescent   Caroline Grigson     83
Hunting or management? The status of Sus in the Jomon period in Japan   Hitomi Hongo   Tomoko Anezaki   Kyomi Yamazaki   Osamu Takahashi   Hiroki Sugawara     109
Wild boar and domestic pigs in Mesolithic and Neolithicsouthern Scandinavia   Peter Rowley-Conwy   Keith Dobney     131
The economic role of Sus in early human fishing communities   Marco Masseti     156
An investigation into the transition from forest dwelling pigs to farm animals in medieval Flanders, Belgium   Anton Ervynck   An Lentacker   Gundula Muldner   Mike Richards   Keith Dobney     171
Methodological Approaches
Age estimation of wild boar based on molariform mandibular tooth development and its application to seasonality at the Mesolithic site of Ringkloster, Denmark   Richard Carter   Ola Magnell     197
A statistical method for dealing with isolated teeth: ageing pig teeth from Hagoshrim, Israel   Annat Haber     218
Morphometric variation between populations of recent wild boar in Israel   Goggy Davidowitz   Liora Kolska Horwitz     228
A dental microwear study of pig diet and management in Iron Age, Romano-British, Anglo-Scandinavian, and medieval contexts in England   Tom Wilkie   Ingrid Mainland   Umberto Albarella   Keith Dobney   Peter Rowley-Conwy     241
The histopathology of fluorotic dental enamel in wild boar and domestic pigs   Horst Kierdorf   Uwe Kierdorf     255
Economic and ecological reconstruction at the Classical site of Sagalassos, Turkey, using pig teeth   Sofie Vanpoucke   Bea De Cupere   Marc Waelkens     269
Ethnographic Studies
Ethnoarchaeology of pig husbandry in Sardinia and Corsica   Umberto Albarella   Filippo Manconi   Jean-Denis Vigne   Peter Rowley-Conwy     285
Traditional pig butchery by the Yali people of West Papua (Irian Jaya): an ethnographic and archaeozoological example   Jacqueline Studer   Daniel Pillonel     308
Pigs in the New Guinea Highlands: an ethnographic example   Paul Sillitoe     330
Pigs in Ritual and Art
Wild boar hunting in the Eastern Mediterranean from the 2nd to the 1st millennium BC   Anne-Sophie Dalix   Emmanuelle Vila     359
The pig in medieval iconography   Sarah Phillips     373
Glossary     389
References     395
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