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A mere "symbol" of medicine--the sugar pill, saline injection, doctor in a white lab coat--the placebo nonetheless sometimes produces "real" results. Medical science has largely managed its discomfort with this phenomenon by discounting the placebo effect, subtracting it as an impurity in its data through double-blind tests of new treatments and drugs. This book is committed to a different perspective--namely, that the placebo effect is a "real" entity in its own right, one that has much to teach us about how symbols, settings, and human relationships literally get under our skin.
Anne Harrington's introduction and a historical overview by Elaine Shapiro and the late Arthur Shapiro, which open the book, review the place of placebos in the history of medicine, investigate the current surge in interest in them, and probe the methodological difficulties of saying scientifically just what placebos can and cannot do. Combining individual essays with a dialogue among writers from fields as far-flung as cultural anthropology and religion, pharmacology and molecular biology, the book aims to expand our ideas about what the placebo effect is and how it should be seen and studied. At the same time, the book uses the challenges and questions raised by placebo phenomena to initiate a broader interdisciplinary discussion about our nature as cultural animals: animals with minds, brains, and bodies that somehow manage to integrate "biology" and "culture," "mechanism" and "meaning," into a seamless whole.
The book contains black-and-white illustrations.
This book, drawing on contributions from fields as diverse as cultural anthropology, religion, pharmacology and molecular biology, reviews the roles of placebos in history and discusses the difficulties in making sense of them. At a time when quackery costs the nation an estimated $30 billion a year, such research couldn't be more timely.
— Peter Gorner
The concluding section [of The Placebo Effect] is almost too rich with ideas to be digested in a single session...As Anne Harrington states in her well-written introduction, the conference [on which The Placebo Effect was based] ended with no consensus, but it had given scientists and humanists the opportunity "to stretch in ways that promised to leave none of the parties involved in the undertaking unchanged." [The Placebo Effect] may offer [its] readers a similar opportunity.
— Marcia Meldrum
The Placebo Effect helps to explain why medicine appears to be some way off relinquishing the certainty of faith for the uncertainty of science...This edited collection of reviews...repays reading for the nuggets of insight it gives into health care and its as yet not-so scientific underpinnings.
— John Galloway
This book is based on a conference at Harvard University in December 1994, sponsored by the Harvard Mind, Brain, Behavior Interfaculty Initiative. It brought under one roof some of the leading authorities on placebo and placebo effects, giving many of the chapters the unique quality of coming straight from the "the horse's mouth." The placebo has become a familiar concept among biomedical researchers and practitioners since it became a prerequisite in randomized, controlled trials in the middle of this century. Yet the state of knowledge about the placebo effect in phenomenological terms...and as a neurobiologic construct...is still inadequate...This book highlights and aims at interdisciplinary dialogue...It will make fascinating reading for clinicians, neurobiologists, and students, as well as for philosophers and ethicists. More specifically, the book should be considered by those involved in all aspects of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics.
— Gideon Koren
The Placebo Effect...brings together some of the leading authorities to describe the state of the field, as it appears from their several disciplinary perspectives, and to outline future directions for research.
— David Harley
The book is well worth reading for those with an interest in the subject. It is thought provoking and in many respects extraordinary.
— E. Ernst
The Placebo: Is It Much Ado about Nothing?
Arthur K. Shapiro and Elaine Shapiro
Clinical Reflections on the Placebo Phenomenon
The Nocebo Phenomenon: Scope and Foundations
Robert A. Hahn
The Doctor as Therapeutic Agent: A Placebo Effect Research Agenda
Toward a Neurobiology of Placebo Analgesia
Howard L. Fields and Donald D. Price
The Contribution of Desire and Expectation to Placebo Analgesia: Implications for New Research Strategies
Donald D. Price And Howard L. Fields
The Role of Conditioning in Pharmacotherapy
Specifying Nonspecifics: Psychological Mechanisms of Placebo Effects
Placebo, Pain, and Belief: A Biocultural Model
David B. Morris
Placebo: Conversations at the Disciplinary Borders
Edited by Anne Harrington