Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers / Edition 5

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Overview

The fifth edition of Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers is a major revision of the popular fourth edition. There are new chapters on process synthesis, computer-aided design, and design of chemical reactors. A traditionally strong feature of the text, economic analysis, has been revamped and updated. Another strength, equipment sizing and cost estimation, is updated and expanded as well. These improvements also reflect changes in equipment availability.

The numerous real examples throughout the book include computer or hand solutions, and often both. There is a new increased emphasis on computer use in design, economic evaluation, and optimization. Concepts, strategies, and approaches to computer use are featured. These concepts are not tied to particular software programs and therefore apply to wide a range of applications software, of both current and future release.

This widely used text is now more useful than ever, providing a “one-stop” guide to chemical process design and evaluation.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780072392661
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 12/9/2002
  • Series: McGraw-Hill Chemical Engineering Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 1008
  • Sales rank: 1,096,689
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.65 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Prologue
Ch. 1 Introduction 1
Chemical Engineering Plant Design 1
General Overall Design Considerations 2
Practical Considerations in Design 11
Engineering Ethics in Design 13
Ch. 2 General Design Considerations 15
Health and Safety Hazards 15
Loss Prevention 29
Environmental Protection 40
Plant Location 52
Plant Layout 56
Plant Operation and Control 57
Patent Considerations 62
Ch. 3 Process Design Development 67
Development of Design Database 67
Process Creation 69
Process Design 72
Process Flow Diagrams 77
Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams 79
Vessel and Piping Layout Isometrics 80
Equipment Design and Specifications 81
The Preliminary Design - A Specific Example 87
Ch. 4 Flowsheet Synthesis and Development 125
Flowsheet Synthesis and Development 126
Process Information 130
Input/Output Structure 135
Functions Diagram 137
Operations Diagram 143
Process Flowsheet 149
Algorithmic Flowsheet Generation 158
Comparison of Hierarchical and Algorithmic Results 189
Genetic Algorithms 189
Future Approaches to Flowsheet Synthesis and Development 190
Software Use in Flowsheet Synthesis 190
Analysis and Evaluation of Flowsheets 190
Ch. 5 Software Use in Process Design 196
Software Structure 198
Software Capabilities 204
Software for Process Design 208
Software Selection 216
Software Use 216
Avoiding Pitfalls in Software Use 220
Evaluation of Software Results 224
Ch. 6 Analysis of Cost Estimation 226
Cash Flow for Industrial Operations 226
Factors Affecting Investment and Production Costs 230
Capital Investment 232
Estimation of Capital Investment 233
Cost Indexes 236
Cost Components in Capital Investment 239
Methods for Estimating Capital Investment 249
Estimation of Revenue 258
Estimation of Total Product Cost 259
Gross Profit, Net Profit, and Cash Flow 271
Contingencies 272
Ch. 7 Interest, Time Value of Money, Taxes, and Fixed Charges 279
Interest 279
Cost of Capital 285
Time Value of Money 290
Cash Flow Patterns 292
Compounding and Discounting Factors 297
Income Taxes 303
Fixed Charges 307
Ch. 8 Profitability, Alternative Investments, and Replacements 319
Profitability Standards 320
Methods for Calculating Profitability 322
Alternative Investments 340
Replacements 348
Practical Factors in Alternative-Investment and Replacement Analysis 352
Ch. 9 Optimum Design and Design Strategy 358
Defining the Optimization Problem 359
Selecting an Objective Function 361
Suboptimization 363
Programming Optimizing Problems 364
Optimization Solution Methodologies 379
Optimization Applications 390
Ch. 10 Materials and Fabrication Selection 440
Factors Contributing to Corrosion 440
Combating Corrosion 443
Properties of Materials 444
Tabulated Data for Selecting Materials of Construction 457
Selection of Materials 457
Fabrication of Equipment 465
Ch. 11 Written and Oral Design Reports 469
Written Reports 470
Oral Reports 481
Ch. 12 Materials-Handling Equipment - Design and Costs 485
Basic Concepts of Fluid Transport 485
Piping in Fluid Transport Processes 497
Pumping of Fluids 508
Compression and Expansion of Fluids 520
Agitation and Mixing of Fluids 536
Flow Measurement of Fluids 549
Storage and Containment of Fluids 552
Transport of Solids 560
Handling of Solids 572
Ch. 13 Reactor Equipment - Design and Costs 592
Reactor Principles 594
Development of Chemical Reaction Rate Expressions 605
Reaction and Reactor Performance 613
Reactor and Catalyst Equipment 616
Ch. 14 Heat-Transfer Equipment - Design and Costs 642
Basic Theory of Heat Transfer in Exchangers 643
Determination of Heat-Transfer Coefficients 656
Determination of Pressure Drop in Heat Exchangers 664
Selection of Heat Exchanger Type 669
Design of Key Heat Exchanger Types 694
Optimum Design of Heat Exchangers 738
General Methods for Design of Heat Exchangers 744
Ch. 15 Separation Equipment - Design and Costs 754
Selection of Suitable Separation Processes 755
Equipment Design and Costs for Separating Homogeneous Mixtures 769
Separation by Distillation 769
Separation by Absorption and Stripping 797
Separation by Extraction 804
Separation Using Membranes 814
Separation by Adsorption 824
Equipment Design and Costs for Separating Heterogeneous Mixtures 837
Separation by Drying 839
Separation by Filtration 851
App. A The International System (SI) of Units 877
App. B Auxiliary, Utility, and Instrumentation Cost Data 890
App. C Design Problems 899
App. D Tables of Physical Properties and Constants 947
App. E Heuristics for Process Equipment Design 966
App. F Software Useful for Design 974
Author Index 976
Subject Index 979
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