Plant Genetic Conservation: The in situ approach / Edition 1by Nigel Maxted, B.V. Ford-Lloyd, J. G. Hawkes
The recent development of ideas on biodiversity conservation was already being considered almost three-quarters of a century ago for crop plants and the wild species related to them, by the Russian geneticist N.!. Vavilov. He was undoubtedly the first scientist to understand the impor tance for humankind of conserving for utilization the genetic diversity of our… See more details below
The recent development of ideas on biodiversity conservation was already being considered almost three-quarters of a century ago for crop plants and the wild species related to them, by the Russian geneticist N.!. Vavilov. He was undoubtedly the first scientist to understand the impor tance for humankind of conserving for utilization the genetic diversity of our ancient crop plants and their wild relatives from their centres of diversity. His collections showed various traits of adaptation to environ mental extremes and biotypes of crop diseases and pests which were unknown to most plant breeders in the first quarter of the twentieth cen tury. Later, in the 1940s-1960s scientists began to realize that the pool of genetic diversity known to Vavilov and his colleagues was beginning to disappear. Through the replacement of the old, primitive and highly diverse land races by uniform modem varieties created by plant breed ers, the crop gene pool was being eroded. The genetic diversity of wild species was equally being threatened by human activities: over-exploita tion, habitat destruction or fragmentation, competition resulting from the introduction of alien species or varieties, changes and intensification of land use, environmental pollution and possible climate change.
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Table of ContentsPreface. List of Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in the Text. Part One: Introduction. 1. The Conservation of Botanical Diversity; G.T. Prance. 2. Complementary Conservation Strategies; N. Maxted, et al. Part Two: Theory and Practice of in situ Conservation. 3. Selection of Target Taxa; N. Maxted, J.G. Hawkes. 4. Ecogeographic Surveys; N. Maxted, L. Guarino. 5. Technical and Political Factor Constraining Reserve Placement; J.T. Williams. 6. Plant Population Genetics; M.J. Lawrence, D.F. Marshall. 7. Plant Population Ecology; M. Gillman. 8. Reserve Design; J.G. Hawkes, et al. 9. Management and Monitoring; N. Maxted, et al. 10. Locally Based Crop Plant Conservation; C.O. Qualset, et al. 11. Genetic Conservation Information Management; B.V. Ford-Lloyd, N. Maxted. 12. Estimation of Genetic Diversity; H.J. Newbury, B.V. Ford-Lloyd. 13. Conserving the Genetic Resources of Trees in situ; P. Kanowski, D. Boshier. 14. Integrating Plant and Insect Conservation; V. Keesing, S.D. Wratten. Part Three: Case Studies. 15. The Ammiad Experiment; Y. Anikster, et al. 16. In situ Conservation of Genetic Diversity in Turkey; A. Ertug Firat, A. Tan. 17. Genetic Conservation: a Role for Rice Farmers; M.R. Bellon, et al. 18. Ethiopian in situ Conservation; M. Worede. 19. Peruvian in situ Conservation of Andean Crops; R. Ortega. 20. Central Asian in situ Conservation of Wild Relatives of Cultivated Plants; N. Lunyova, T. Ulyanova. 21. Plant Conservation In Situ for Disease Resistance; A. Dinoor, N. Eshed. Part Four: Discussion. 22. A Practical Model for in situ Genetic Conservation; N. Maxted, et al. 24. Towards the Future; G.C. Hawtin, T. Hodgkin. References. Index.
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