Plant Nematology

Plant Nematology

by Roland N. Perry, Maurice Moens
     
 

ISBN-10: 1845930568

ISBN-13: 9781845930561

Pub. Date: 03/31/2006

Publisher: CAB International North America

Written by subject experts, this book provides an indispensible overview of all aspects of plant-parasitic nematodes. It begins by reviewing the basic structure and classification of nematodes, their taxonomy and phylogeny and the major groups of plant-parasitic nematodes. It moves on to cover their life cycle biology, the molecular characteristics of

Overview

Written by subject experts, this book provides an indispensible overview of all aspects of plant-parasitic nematodes. It begins by reviewing the basic structure and classification of nematodes, their taxonomy and phylogeny and the major groups of plant-parasitic nematodes. It moves on to cover their life cycle biology, the molecular characteristics of plant-nematode interaction and genetic engineering for resistance. The final section discusses quarantine legislation, sampling methods and management strategies including cultural schemes, the use of chemicals and resistant cultivars.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781845930561
Publisher:
CAB International North America
Publication date:
03/31/2006
Series:
CABI Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
480
Product dimensions:
9.50(w) x 6.70(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

The Editors
Contributors
Preface
Preface to the second edition

PART I. TAXONOMY AND PRINCIPAL GENERA

1. Structure and Classification, Wilfrida Decraemer and David J. Hunt
1.1. Introduction
1.2. General Morphology
1.3. Life Cycle Stages
1.4. Feeding Groups
1.5. Classification of Plant-parasitic nematodes
1.6. Common Morphometric Abbreviations

2. Molecular Systematics, Sergei A. Subbotin, Lieven Waeyenberge and Maurice Moens
2.1. Phylogenetics and Phylogenomics
2.2. Species Concepts and Delimiting Species in Nematology
2.3. Phylogenetics and Classification
2.4. Molecular Techniques
2.5. Genes used for Molecular Systematics
2.6. Microsatellites
2.7. DNA Bar-coding
2.8. Phylogenetic Inference
2.9. Reconstruction of Historical Association
2.10. Databases
2.11. Examples of Molecular Phylogenies

3. Root-knot Nematodes, Gerrit Karssen,Wim Wesemael and Maurice Moens
3.1. Introduction to Root-knot Nematodes
3.2. Life Cycle and Behaviour
3.3. Host Response to Parasitism
3.4. Post-infection Biology
3.5. Plant Growth and Yield
3.6. Survival
3.7. Cytogenetics
3.8. General Morphology
3.9. Principal Species
3.10. Biochemical and Molecular Identification
3.11. Interactions with other Plant Pathogens
3.12. Management and control

4. Cyst Nematodes, Susan J. Turner and Sergei A. Subbotin
4.1. Introduction to Cyst Nematodes
4.2. Life Cycle and Behaviour
4.3 General Morphology of the Subfamily Heteroderinae
4.4. Genera and Principal Species
4.5. Pathotypes and Races
4.6. Biochemical and Molecular Diagnostics
4.7. Interactions with Other Plant Pathogens
4.8. Management

5 Migratory Endoparasitic Nematodes, Larry A. Duncan and Maurice Moens
5.1. Introduction to Migratory Endoparasitic Nematodes
5.2. The Pratylenchids: Lesion, Burrowing and Rice Root Nematodes
5.3. Anguinids and the Stem and Bulb Nematode, Ditylenchus dipsaci
5.4. Plant-parasitic Aphelenchs

6. Ectoparasitic Nematodes, Wilfrida Decraemer and Etienne Geraert
6.1. Introduction to Endoparasitic Nematodes
6.2. Definition of Ectoparasites/Ectoparasitism
6.3. Classification
6.4. Tylenchina (Chromadorea, Chromadoria)
6.5. Enoplea
6.6. Biochemical and Molecular Diagnostics
6.7. Ectoparasitic Nematodes as Vectors of Plant-viruses
6.8. Management

PART II. NEMATODE BIOLOGY AND PLANT RESPONSES

7. Reproduction, Physiology and Biochemistry, Roland N. Perry, Denis J. Wright and David J. Chitwood
7.1. Reproduction and Development
7.2. Musculature and Neurobiology
7.3. Biosynthesis
7.4. Respiration and Intermediary Metabolism
7.5. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation and Excretion
7.6. Survival Strategies

8. Behaviour and Sensory Perception, Roland N. Perry and Rosane H.C. Curtis
8.1. Sense Organs or Sensilla
8.2. Undulatory Propulsion
8.3. Random Movement
8.4. Movement in Response to Stimuli in Soil
8.5. Nematode Feeding and Movement within Plant Tissue
8.6. Other Types of Movement and Behaviour

9. Molecular Aspects of Plant-Nematode Interactions, Godelieve Gheysen and John T. Jones
9.1. Nematode Parasitism of Plants
9.2. Invasion and Migration
9.3. Wound and Defence Responses of the Plant
9.4. Suppression of Host Defences and Protection from Host Responses
9.5. Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Nematode Feeding Cells
9.6. Nematode Signals for Feeding Site Induction and Other Processes
9.7. Comparison Between Cyst and Root-knot Nematodes
9.8. Resistance and Avirulence Genes

PART III. QUANTITATIVE NEMATOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

10. Plant Growth and Population Dynamics, Corrie H. Schomaker and Thomas H. Been
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Relationships of Nematodes with Plants
10.3. Predictors of Yield Reduction
10.4. Different Response Variables of Nematodes
10.5. Stem Nematodes (Ditylenchus dipsaci)
10.6. Root-invading Nematodes
10.7. Effect of Nematicides
10.8. Validation of the Model
10.9. Population Dynamics

11. Distribution Patterns and Sampling, Thomas H. Been and Corrie H. Schomaker
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Practical Application
11.3. Horizontal Distribution
11.4. Vertical Distribution

12. International Plant Health – Putting Legislation into Practice, Sue Hockland, Renato N. Inserra and Lisa M. Kohl
12.1. Introduction and Terminology
12.2. Historical Considerations
12.3. International Phytosanitary Frameworks
12.4. Early Legislation Enacted against Plant-parasitic Nematodes
12.5. International Phytosanitary Initiatives against Plant-parasitic Nematodes
12.6. Phytosanitary Problems Posed by Plant-parasitic Nematodes
12.7. Determining the Risk Posed by Plant-parasitic Nematodes using Pest Risk Analysis
12.8. Phytosanitary Measures for Plant-parasitic Nematodes
12.9. Phytosanitary Measures and their Associated Cost:Benefits
12.10. Future Challenges for the Control of Regulated Nematodes
12.11. Challenges Facing Scientific Advisers and Researchers

13. Biological and Cultural Management, Nicole Viaene, Danny L. Coyne and Keith G. Davies
13.1. Introduction
13.2. Suppressive Soils
13.3. Biological Control Agents
13.4. Interaction with Rhizosphere Microflora
13.5. Applying Biological Control Agents
13.6. Integration of Biological Control with Other Control Measures
13.7. Nematode-free Planting Material
13.8. Sanitation
13.9. Physical Soil Treatments
13.10. Biologically-based Practices
13.11. Amendments
13.12. Time of Planting
13.13. Other Control Practices

14 Nematode Resistance in Crops, James L. Starr, Alexander H. Mc Donald and Abiodun O. Claudius-Cole
14.1. Introduction
14.2. Concepts of Resistance
14.3. Inheritance and Mechanisms of Resistance
14.4. Virulence in Nematodes
14.5. Origins and Functions
14.6. Exploitation
14.7. Successes and Opportunities

15 Genetic Engineering for Resistance, Amanda Cottage and Peter Urwin
15. 1. Genetic Engineering for Resistance: General Introduction
15. 2. Genetic Engineering for Nematode Resistance: use of Natural Resistances
15.3. Targets in the Early Nematode-Plant Interaction for Engineered Resistance
15.4. Genetic Engineering to Target the Nematode Directly
15.5. Targeting the Nematode Feeding Site
15.6. Stacked Defences
15.7. The Research Approach to Engineering Nematode Resistance
15.8. The Future

16. Chemical Control of Nematodes, Patrick P.J. Haydock, Simon R. Woods, Ivan G. Grove and Martin C. Hare
16.1. History and Development of Nematicides
16.2. Active Substances: Chemical Groups and Modes of Action
16.3. Formulation and Application
16.4. Nematicides in the Environment
16.5. Human Safety
16.6. Naturally Occurring Nematicides

References
Glossary
Index

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