Plant Pathogenic Bacteria: Genomics and Molecular Biology

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Bacteria pathogenic for plants are responsible for devastating losses in agriculture. The use of antibiotics to control such infections is restricted in many countries due to worries over the evolution and transmission of antibiotic resistance. The advent of genome sequencing has enabled a better understanding, at the molecular level, of the strategies and mechanisms of pathogenesis, evolution of resistance to plant defense mechanisms, and the conversion of non-pathogenic into pathogenic bacteria. In this book, internationally acclaimed experts review the most important developments, providing an invaluable up-to-date summary of the molecular biology and genomics of plant pathogenic bacteria. The book opens with two chapters on bacterial evolution, diversity, and taxonomy - topics that have been transformed by molecular biology and genomics analyses. The third chapter delves into the crucially understudied area of pathogen adaptation to the plant apoplast environment. The next seven chapters focus on specific plant pathogens: Agrobacterium, Leifsonia, Pectobacterium, Pseudomonas, Ralstonia, Xanthomonas, and Xylella. The following four chapters review specific, intensively studied areas of research in the plant pathogen field: microbe associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) and innate immunity; use of bacterial virulence factors to suppress plant defense; cyclic di-GMP signalling and the regulation of virulence; and plasmids and the spread of virulence. The final chapter covers the critical area of bioinformatics. With contributions from some of the pioneering bacterial plant pathogen genome sequencers, this book is essential reading for every plant pathogen researcher - from the PhD student to the experienced scientist - as it provides a timely review of the current and most topical areas of research.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781904455370
  • Publisher: Caister Academic Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/2009
  • Pages: 330
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

List of contributors v

Preface ix

Acknowledgements xi

1 Origin and Evolution of Phytopathogenic Bacteria John Stavrinides 1

2 The Impact of Genomic Approaches on our Understanding of Diversity and Taxonomy of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria Boris A. Vinatzer Carolee T. Bull 37

3 Adaptation to the Plant Apoplast by Plant Pathogenic Bacteria Arantza Rico Rachel Jones Gail M. Preston 63

4 The Genomics of Agrobacterium: Insights into its Pathogenicity, Biocontrol and Evolution Joao C. Setubal Derek Wood Thomas Burr Stephen K. Farrand Barry S. Goldman Brad Goodner Leon Otten Steven Slater 91

5 Common Genes and Genomic Breaks: a Detailed Case Study of the Xylella fastidiosa Genome Backbone and Evolutionary Insights Alessandro M. Varani Wanessa C. Lima Leandro M. Moreira Mariana C. de Oliveira Rangel de Souza Edwin Civerolo Ana Tereza R. de Vasconcelos Marie-Anne Van Sluys 113

6 Genome Sequence-based Insights into the Biology of the Sugarcane Pathogen Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli Claudia B. Monteiro-Vitorello Marcelo Marques Zerillo Marie-Anne Van Sluys Luis Eduardo Aranha Camargo 135

7 Genomics-driven Advances in Xanthomonas biology Damien F. Meyer Adam J. Bogdanove 147

8 Genomics of the Enterobacterial Plant Pathogens Ian Toth Leighton Pritchard Paul Birch Hui Liu 163

9 Ralstonia solanacearum and Bacterial Wilt in the Post-genomics Era Darby Brown 175

10 Pseudomonas syringae Genomics Provides Important Insights to Secretion Systems, Effector Genes and the Evolution of Virulence Dawn L. Arnold Scott A. C. Godfrey Robert W. Jackson 203

11 MAMPs/PAMPs - Elicitors of Innate Immunity in Plants Gitte Erbs Mari-Anne Newman 227

12 The Art of Manipulation: Bacterial TypeIII Effectors and their Plant Targets Jens Boch 241

13 Cyclic Di-GMP Signalling and the Regulation of Virulence in Bacterial Plant Pathogens J. Maxwell Dow Yvonne Fouhy Belen Fernandez Garcia Robert P. Ryan 273

14 Gene traders: Characteristics of Native Plasmids from Plant Pathogenic Bacteria George W. Sundin Jesus Murillo 295

15 Bioinformatics Aspects of High-throughput Sequencing Technology Dan MacLean David J. Studholme 311

Index 327

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