Plantation Forestry in the Tropics: The Role, Silviculture, and Use of Planted Forests for Industrial, Social, Environmental, and Agroforestry Purposes / Edition 3

Plantation Forestry in the Tropics: The Role, Silviculture, and Use of Planted Forests for Industrial, Social, Environmental, and Agroforestry Purposes / Edition 3

by Julian Evans, John W. Turnball, John W. Turnbull
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0198529945

ISBN-13: 9780198529941

Pub. Date: 06/28/2004

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

The first edition was published 22 years ago, and the second, a dozen years ago; this third edition maintains the structure but is thoroughly updated throughout. The two authors are forestry experts affiliated with research and development agencies, and they are writing for students and forest managers in developing nations. After introductory material defining and

Overview

The first edition was published 22 years ago, and the second, a dozen years ago; this third edition maintains the structure but is thoroughly updated throughout. The two authors are forestry experts affiliated with research and development agencies, and they are writing for students and forest managers in developing nations. After introductory material defining and discussing plantation, or "planted forest," species, development, and organization and structure, several chapters address land, social, and economic factors. The bulk of the book concerns what to plant, seed collection and storage, maintenance, nutrition, thinning, pruning, and other practical issues. The final section is concerned with soil conservation, rehabilitation, and sustainability. The bibliography is extensive, and indexing is by species and by general topic. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780198529941
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
06/28/2004
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
488
Product dimensions:
9.80(w) x 7.50(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Part IIntroduction
1Introduction3
The tropics
Defining a plantation
Tropical plantation species
2Why plantations?13
Factors favouring plantation development
Conclusions
3Planted forest in tropical countries25
Development of plantation forestry
Present status of plantations in the tropics
Conclusion
4Plantation organization and structure39
Plantation organization
Plantation characteristics
Plantation design
Plantation life-history
Plantation monitoring
Part IILand, social and economic factors, and planning in plantation development
5Land and plantation development51
Resource management domains
Land capability
Land-use
Obtaining land for plantation development, encouraging tree-planting and extension
6Social and economic factors in tree-planting and plantation development72
Introduction
Factors affecting the scale and rate of planting and plantation development
Social and cultural effects of plantation development
The contribution of planted forests to the economies and rural development in the tropics
7Planning the plantation enterprise90
Introduction
Policy planning at international and national levels
Planning in large projects
Planning for small-scale tree-planting
Part IIIPlantation silviculture
8What to plant?107
Introduction
Purpose of the plantation
Species potentially available
Matching species with site
Making the choice
9Seed collection, supply, and storage131
Introduction
Seed quality
Quantity of seed needed
Seed certification, records, and dispatch procedures
Seed procurement
Seed storage
Packaging and transport of seed
Seed supply and trade problems
10Forst nurseries150
Introduction
Planning forest nurseries
Nursery location and design
Preparation of seed
Time of sowing
The container system
Raising bare-rooted seedlings
Care, protection, and conditioning of seedlings
Quality control, dispatch, and transport of plants
11Clonal plantations183
Introduction
Development of clonal plantations
Vegetative propagation methods
Clonal deployment
Small-scale clonal plantings
Role of molecular genetics in clonal forestry
12Plantation establishment200
Pre-establishment essentials
Ground preparation
Planting
Special forms of establishment
13Plantation maintenance223
Immediate post-planting problems
Weed control
Staking
Tree shelters
Singling
Respacing
Low pruning
14Nutrition of tree crops237
Nutrient deficiencies
Use of fertilizers
Maintaining soil fertility without using mineral fertilizer
Nutrient toxicity
15Dynamics of stand growth252
Periodicity and pattern in growth of individual trees
Stand growth is dynamic
Physiological basis of stand development
Silvicultural implications
Selective pruning
16Thinning261
Definition and objectives
Experience with thinning in the tropics
Effects of thinning
Methods of thinning
Thinning and wood quality
Thinning decisions
Thinning practice and control
17High prunning276
Need to prune
Production of knot-free timber
Timing and intensity of high pruning
Economics of pruning
Pruning practice
18Rotations, regeneration, and coppice283
Introduction
Rotation length
First rotation harvesting and preparation for the next rotation: silvicultural considerations
Natural regeneration
Plantation species as invasives
Coppice
19Protection-an introduction297
Introduction
Inorganic and man-made damage
Organic damage
Salvaging a damaged crop
Protection strategy
Part IVTree-planting and plantation forestry: in rural development, soil conservation, rehabilitation, environmental considerations, and sustainability
20Tree-planting in rural development and agroforestry315
Woodlots
Trees with crops
Trees and livestock
Trees planted for other purposes
21Protective afforestation334
Urgency of protective afforestation in the tropics
Protective role of tree cover
Implementing programmes of protective afforestation
Management and silviculture in protection planting
22Tree planting for ecosystem rehabilitation and restoration353
Definitions
Degradation and rehabilitation
Management strategies
Species selection
Plantation design
Site management practices
Case studies
23Afforestation of inhospitable sites363
What makes sites inhospitable?
Silvicultural challeng of inhospitable sites
24Ecological factors and sustainability of plantations378
Biodiversity in plantation forestry
Eucalypt environmental controversy
Sustainability of plantations
Site change induced by plantation forestry
Risk exposed to plantations
Evidence of productivity change
Withinrotation yield class/site quality drift
Intervention to sustain yield
Conclusions
Bibliography395
Species index449
General index454

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