Plastic Surface Modification: Surface Treatment and Adhesion

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Overview

Although polymer surface modification is a topic of a large number of investigations, relatively little attention has been paid to surface activation technologies which, when appropriately utilized, make specific polymer-based surfaces receptive to value-adding interfaces such as inks, coating and adhesive formulations.

The aim of this book is to describe the primary polymer adhesion issues faced by manufacturers, processors and converters, to outline a variety of methods for attaining an appropriately activated surface, and to provide the diagnostics for various adhesion promotion issues as well as troubleshooting guidelines.

Primary Polymer Adhesion Issues with Inks, Coatings, and Adhesives

Basic Principles of Atmospheric Discharge Surface Modification Technologies

Air Plasma (Corona) Treatment Technologies: Features and Application Benefits

Ozone Treatment Technology: Features and Application Benefits

Flame Plasma Treatment Technologies: Features and Application Benefits

Chemical Plasma Treatment Technologies: Features and Application Benefits

Applying Surface Modification Methods to Decorating Processes to Promote Adhesion

Applying Surface Modification Methods to Promote Adhesion with Coating Processes

Applying Surface Modification Methods to Promote Adhesion to Plastic Nanocomposite and Composite Materials

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781569904473
  • Publisher: Hanser Publications
  • Publication date: 1/28/2010
  • Pages: 182
  • Product dimensions: 6.60 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface V

Contents VII

1 Introduction 1

2 Primary Polymer Adhesion Issues with Inks, Coatings, and Adhesives 3

2.1 Cast and Blown Films 3

2.2 Metallized Films 5

2.3 Foams 6

2.4 Textiles, Filaments and Yarns, and Nonwovens 7

2.5 Injection-Molded Parts 9

2.6 Thermoformed Parts 10

2.7 Blow Molded Parts 11

3 Basic Principles of Atmospheric Discharge Surface Modification Technologies 13

3.1 Corona (Air) Plasma Discharge 13

3.2 Ozonation 16

3.3 Flame Plasma Discharge 17

3.4 Chemical Plasma Discharge 18

4 Air Plasma (Corona) Treatment Technologies: Features and Application Benefits 23

4.1 Bare Roll: Features and Application Benefits 23

4.2 Covered Roll: Features and Application Benefits 25

4.2.1 Silicone-Covered Rolls 26

4.2.2 Hypalon?-Covered Rolls 26

4.2.3 Epoxy Covered Rolls 26

4.2.4 Ceramic Covered Rolls 27

4.2.5 Glass-Covered Rolls 27

4.2.6 Retrofitting Roll Coverings 27

4.3 Universal Roll: Features and Application Benefits 29

4.4 Blown Arc Systems: Features and Application Benefits 30

4.5 Blown Ion Systems: Features and Application Benefits 31

5 Ozone Treatment Technology: Features and Application Benefits 33

6 Flame Plasma Treatment Technologies: Features and Application Benefits 43

6.1 Burner Design 44

6.2 Flame Velocity 45

6.3 Optimization of Treatment 50

7 Chemical Plasma Treatment Technologies: Features and Application Benefits 53

7.1 Low Pressure Vacuum Chemical Plasmas 53

7.2 Vacuum Plasma Deposition Processes and Applications 54

7.3 Optimizing Vacuum Plasma Processing for Adhesion 58

7.4 Atmospheric Chemical Plasmas 60

7.5 Influence on Surface Cleaning Using CO2 68

8 Applying Surface Modification Methods to Decorating Processes to Promote Adhesion 81

8.1 Printing Processes 82

8.1.1 Direct Transfer Plate Technologies 82

8.1.2 Indirect Transfer Plate Technology 110

8.2 Labeling 121

8.2.1 Paper Labels 123

8.2.2 Film Labels 124

8.2.3 In-Mold Labels 125

8.2.4 RFID Labels 126

8.3 Painting 128

8.4 Dyeing 131

9 Applying Surface Modification Methods to Promote Adhesion with Coating Processes 137

9.1 Coating Processes and Adhesion to Porous and Non-Porous Substrates 137

9.1.1 Adhesion of Gap Coatings 138

9.1.2 Adhesion of Immersion Coatings 140

9.1.3 Adhesion of Curtain Coatings 141

9.1.4 Adhesion of Rotary Screen Coatings 142

9.1.5 Adhesion of Reverse Roll Coatings 143

9.1.6 Adhesion of Gravure Coatings 144

9.1.7 Adhesion of Metering (Meyer) Rod Coatings 145

9.1.8 Adhesion of Slot Die (Extrusion) Coatings 147

9.1.9 Adhesion of Hot Melt Coatings 148

9.1.10 Adhesion of Flexographic Coatings 150

9.1.11 Adhesion of Silk Screen Coatings 151

9.1.12 Adhesion of Nanocoatings 153

10 Applying Surface Modification Methods to Promote Adhesion to Plastic Nanocomposite and Composite Materials 157

10.1 Adhesion of Inks to Polymer Nanocomposite-Based Electronic Packaging 162

10.2 Plasma Adhesion Promotion Techniques for Nanocomposite Photovoltaic Solar Cells 154

References 170

Subject Index 172

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