Poles and Jews: A Failed Brotherhood / Edition 1

Poles and Jews: A Failed Brotherhood / Edition 1

by Magdalena Opalski, Israel Bartal
     
 

ISBN-10: 0874516021

ISBN-13: 9780874516029

Pub. Date: 12/01/1992

Publisher: Brandeis University Press

Poles and Jews draws upon a vast archive of Polish, Yiddish, Hebrew, German, French, and Russian literary works and historical sources to examine Polish and Jewish perceptions of the Polish-Jewish rapprochement of the early 1860s. The idea of a Polish-Jewish brotherhood developed during the wave of patriotic demonstrations that swept through Poland in 1861-1862 and…  See more details below

Overview

Poles and Jews draws upon a vast archive of Polish, Yiddish, Hebrew, German, French, and Russian literary works and historical sources to examine Polish and Jewish perceptions of the Polish-Jewish rapprochement of the early 1860s. The idea of a Polish-Jewish brotherhood developed during the wave of patriotic demonstrations that swept through Poland in 1861-1862 and culminated in the Polish national insurrection against Czarist Russia in 1863. With the revolution, Polish separatists appealed for Jewish support and promised full equality as a reward. Despite the Jewish tradition of loyalty to the Czar,many took active part in the anti-Russian underground and partisan war.

The 1864 defeat transformed Polish attitudes from enthusiasm to ambivalence. The conflicting interpretations by Poles and Jews of the short-lived "brotherhood" of the 1860s remained at the center of Polish-Jewish relations through the remainder of the nineteenth century. Changing ideologies and political currents saw this tradition adapted to fit conflicting needs. While Jewish reflection on the past accelerated growth of Jewish nationalism, the Poles used their interpretation to score points for and against the integration of Jews into Polish society. The period covered in Poles and Jews sets the stage for the tragedies of 20th-century Central and Eastern European history. By examining and comparing Polish and Jewish literary reflections on the revolt, Opalski and Bartal illuminate an important period for all those interested in Jewish and Polish history and in Polish, Hebrew, and Yiddish literature.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780874516029
Publisher:
Brandeis University Press
Publication date:
12/01/1992
Series:
Tauber Institute Series for the Study of European Jewry
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
205
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction1
Ch. 1Main Trends in the 1850s
IPolish Literature between Romanticism and Realism12
IIBetween Feudal and Capitalist Society: Polish-Jewish Relations in the Midnineteenth Century15
IIIPolish Literary Image of the Jew18
IVJewish Literature in the 1850s31
Ch. 2The Patriotic Demonstrations, 1861-1862
IThe Romantic Roots38
IIThe Warsaw Connection41
IIIThe Jew with the Cross44
IVC. K. Norwid's "Zydowie Polscy": Responses to the Warsaw Demonstrations48
VThe Legend of the Maccabees51
VIReligious Stereotypes55
Ch. 3The January Uprising in Polish Eyes
IJewish Attitudes toward the Revolt58
IIThe Ambivalent Portrayal of the "Good Jew"63
IIIJewish Motivations in Polish Eyes70
IVThe Image of the Future73
Ch. 4The January Uprising in Jewish Eyes
ITime, Space, and Ideology78
IIResponding to Polish Symbolism84
IIIThe "Good Poles" and the "Bad Poles"88
IVIdeology and Social Barriers: Polish-Jewish Love Stories93
Ch. 5Poles and Jews, 1863-1914
IThe Postinsurrectionary Crisis98
IIPolish-Jewish Relations, 1863-1914103
IIIPolish Literary Portrayals of Jews105
IVPolish Society in Jewish Eyes: The Metamorphosis of the "Philosemite"111
VThe Gray Zone: Jewish Contributions to Polish Literature119
Ch. 6Aftermath
ITerminology and Symbols: The Decline of the Maccabees123
IIJewish Attitudes in Retrospect128
IIISettling Accounts with the Veterans131
IV"What Has Gone Wrong with the World?"138
Conclusion: The Elusive Dialogue144
Notes149
Selected Bibliography171
Index187

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