Police Field Operations: Theory Meets Practice / Edition 1

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This text covers major areas of police operations including patrol, investigations, crime mapping, police operations in culturally diverse communities, community policing, persons with physical disabilities, and juveniles, hot pursuit issues, communications, gangs, and drugs.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205508280
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 9/20/2007
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 624
  • Sales rank: 1,268,284
  • Product dimensions: 8.20 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael L. Birzer is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice and Director of the School of Community Affairs at Wichita State University . His research interests center on police behavior and practices. He recently completed research that examined police relations with the African-American community. In 2007, Professor Birzer published with Cliff Roberson, Policing, Today and Tomorrow -- Prentice-Hall.

Cliff Roberson LLM, Ph.D is an Emeritus Professor of Criminal Justice at Washburn University and Retired Professor of Criminology from California State University-Fresno. His previous academic experiences include Associate Vice-President for Academic Affairs, Arkansas Tech University; Dean of Arts and Sciences, University of Houston, Victoria; Director of Programs, National College of District Attorneys; Director of Justice Center, California State University, Fresno; and Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice, St. Edwards University. He has authored or co-authored 47 books and texts.

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Table of Contents

1. Police Patrol: The Backbone of Policing


A sketch of the police

Development of police patrol

Purpose of police patrol

Differential Response

Effectiveness of Police Patrol

Reactive, proactive and coactive patrol

Organizational features

Types of police patrol

Allocation of patrol personnel

Special Tactical Teams

Managing and supervising the patrol function

Becoming a police patrol officer


2. Police Field Procedures


Preparing for the tour of duty

Patrolling the beat

Handling offenders

Civil unrest

High speed pursuits

Weather and natural disasters

The police K-9

Traffic stops

Emergency vehicle operation

The use of force

3.Police Operations in a Community Policing Environment


The emergence of community policing

Core components of community policing

What community policing is not

Incorporating community policing on the job

Community policing and terrorism

Does community policing work

4.Crime Scene and Preliminary Investigation


The role of patrol in the preliminary investigation

Initial steps in the investigation

Photographing the scene

Crime scene search

The nature of evidence

Types of evidence

Evidence collection


5. Interviewing and interrogation


Principles of Interviewing

Field Interviews/Investigative Stops

Principles of Interrogation

Use of the Polygraph

Human Lie Detector

Law of Interviewing and Interrogation

Voluntariness of a Confession

Non-Testimonial Evidence


Art of Listening

6. Handling Calls for Service


The Police Service Role


Suspicious Characters


Missing and Runaway Children

Missing Adults

Welfare Checks

The Mentally Ill

Abandoned Vehicles

Stalled Vehicles

Directing Traffic

Lost Property

Stolen Property

Repeat Calls

Citizen Contacts

7. Forensics


Duties of a Forensic Scientist

FBI Forensic Laboratory

Crime Scene

Body Fluids



Questioned Documents



Digital Evidence

8. Legal constraints that impact police operations



Warrant Clause of the Fourth Amendment

Exceptions to the Fourth Amendment


Exclusionary rule

Civil Liability

Use of Force

9. Police reports & other correspondence


Field Notes

Report Writing

Chain of Custody Reports

Special Reports


Writing Styles

Computerized Reports

Recording Witness Recollections

Testifying in Court

10. Police communications


Police Language

Radio Communications

Telephone Communications

Special Communications Issues

Computer Systems

Computer Networks

11. Gangs and Drugs



Hispanic Gangs

Female Gangs

Indian Country Gangs

Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs

National Gangs

Drug Enforcement

Drug Legislation

Alcohol Related Offenses

Solutions to Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Drug Testing of Police Officers

Gangs and Drugs

12. Police Operations in Culturally Diverse Communities


Minority perceptions of police

Skeletons in the closest

Contemporary problems

The state of police-minority relations

Police operations in minority communities

De-Escalation of potential problems

Demographics of police officers

Recruitment and selection of minorities and female police

Service vs. law enforcement

13. Crime Mapping and Analysis


Crime Analysts

Crime Mapping

Should Crime Information Be Made Public?

Does Crime Simply Move Around The Corner?

Crime Hot Spot Theories on Crime

14. Handling Terrorism and Natural Disasters


Terrorism and the Police Officer

War on Terrorism

Terrorism Alerts

Assessing Terrorist Threats

Antiterrorist and Disaster Recovery Agencies

Bomb Threats

15. Ethics and police operations


What is ethics?

What constitutes ethical behavior?

Ethics as a restriction on behavior

Kantian ethics

Moral development


Law enforcement values

Lying and deception

Off-duty employment

Internal affairs unit

International Association of Ethics Trainers

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