Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice / Edition 4

Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice / Edition 4

by David Weimer
     
 

ISBN-10: 0131830015

ISBN-13: 9780131830011

Pub. Date: 06/04/2004

Publisher: Prentice Hall

This book both introduces and explores the hows and whys of the practices of public policy. It provides reality-based practical advice about how to actually conduct policy analysis and demonstrate the application of advanced analytic techniques. A five-part organization emphasizes that policy analysis is client-oriented and raises ethical issues; provides

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Overview

This book both introduces and explores the hows and whys of the practices of public policy. It provides reality-based practical advice about how to actually conduct policy analysis and demonstrate the application of advanced analytic techniques. A five-part organization emphasizes that policy analysis is client-oriented and raises ethical issues; provides rationales for public policy— describing the limitations to effective public policy and generic policy solutions; gives practical advice about implementing policy analysis; presents several examples illustrating how analysts have approached policy problems and the differences that their efforts have made; and summarizes the role and work of the analyst and challenges the analyst to both “do-well and do-good.” For individuals interested in policy analysis and the analytical process.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131830011
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
06/04/2004
Series:
MySearchLab Series for Political Science Series
Edition description:
4TH
Pages:
528
Product dimensions:
7.01(w) x 9.05(h) x 1.08(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figuresxiii
List of Tablesxv
Prefacexvii
Part IIntroduction to Public Policy Analysis
1Preview: The Canadian Salmon Fishery1
Increasing the Social Value of the Canadian Salmon Fishery2
Postscript and Prologue22
For Discussion22
2What Is Policy Analysis?23
Policy Analysis and Related Professions24
Policy Analysis as a Profession31
A Closer Look at Analytical Functions35
Basic Preparation for Policy Analysis37
For Discussion38
3Toward Professional Ethics39
Analytical Roles40
Value Conflicts43
Ethical Code or Ethos?51
For Discussion53
Part IIConceptual Foundations for Problem Analysis
4Efficiency and the Idealized Competitive Model54
The Efficiency Benchmark: The Competitive Economy55
Market Efficiency: The Meaning of Social Surplus57
Caveats: Models and Reality69
Conclusion70
For Discussion70
5Rationales for Public Policy: Market Failures71
Public Goods72
Externalities91
Natural Monopoly97
Information Asymmetry104
Conclusion112
For Discussion112
6Rationales for Public Policy: Other Limitations of the Competitive Framework113
Thin Markets: Few Sellers or Few Buyers114
The Source and Acceptability of Preferences115
The Problem of Uncertainty119
Intertemporal Allocation: Are Markets Myopic?124
Adjustment Costs128
Macroeconomic Dynamics129
Conclusion130
For Discussion131
7Rationales for Public Policy: Distributional and Other Goals132
Social Welfare Beyond Pareto Efficiency133
Substantive Values Other Than Efficiency142
Some Cautions in Interpreting Distributional Consequences147
Instrumental Values153
Conclusion154
For Discussion155
8Limits to Public Intervention: Government Failures156
Problems Inherent in Direct Democracy157
Problems Inherent in Representative Government163
Problems Inherent in Bureaucratic Supply179
Problems Inherent in Decentralization187
Conclusion190
For Discussion191
9Policy Problems as Market and Government Failure: The Madison Taxicab Policy Analysis Example192
Regulation of the Madison Taxi Market193
The Relationship between Market and Government Failures204
Conclusion208
For Discussion208
Part IIIConceptual Foundations for Solution Analysis
10Correcting Market and Government Failure: Generic Policies209
Freeing, Facilitating, and Simulating Markets210
Using Subsidies and Taxes to Alter Incentives218
Establishing Rules234
Supplying Goods through Nonmarket Mechanisms246
Providing Insurance and Cushions253
Conclusion259
For Discussion260
11Adoption and Implementation261
The Adoption Phase263
The Implementation Phase274
Thinking More Strategically about Policy Design284
Conclusion294
For Discussion294
12Government Supply: Drawing Organizational Boundaries295
Production Costs, Bargaining Costs, and Opportunism Costs297
Predicting Bargaining and Opportunism Costs302
Can Opportunism Be Controlled by the Use of Not-for-Profits?306
Assessing and Building Capacity307
Conclusion307
For Discussion308
Part IVDoing Policy Analysis
13Gathering Information for Policy Analysis309
Document Research310
Field Research318
Putting Document Review and Field Research Together321
Conclusion322
For Discussion323
14Landing on Your Feet: How to Confront Policy Problems324
Analyzing Yourself: Meta-Analysis325
The Client Orientation326
Steps in Rationalist Policy Analysis327
Problem Analysis329
Solution Analysis343
Communicating Analysis357
Meta-Analysis Once Again: Combining Linear and Nonlinear Approaches361
Conclusion362
For Discussion362
15Goals/Alternatives Matrices: Some Examples from CBO Studies363
Setting Out Broad Options: Auctioning Radio Spectrum Licenses364
Quantitative Predictions: Restructuring the Army366
Comparing Proposed Alternatives: Launching Digital Television370
Combining Policy Alternatives: Improving Water Allocation376
Conclusion379
For Discussion379
16Cost-Benefit Analysis380
A Preview: Increasing Alcohol Taxes381
Identifying Relevant Impacts382
Monetizing Impacts384
Discounting for Time and Risk399
Choosing among Policies410
An Illustration: Taxing Alcohol to Save Lives413
Conclusion425
For Discussion425
Part VCase Studies of Policy Analysis
17Cost-Benefit Analysis in a Bureaucratic Setting: The Strategic Petroleum Reserve426
Background: Energy Security and the SPR427
Analytical Approaches to the Size Issue432
The Role of Analysis in the SPR Size Controversy443
Postscript450
Conclusion450
For Discussion451
18When Statistics Count: Revising the Lead Standard for Gasoline452
Background: The EPA Lead Standards453
Origins of the 1985 Standards455
Pulling the Pieces Together456
A Closer Look at the Link between Gasoline Lead and Blood Lead460
Finalizing the Rule472
Conclusion475
For Discussion476
Part VIConclusion
19Doing Well and Doing Good477
Name Index479
Subject Index489

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