Policy Transfer and Criminal Justice: Exploring U.S. Influence over British Crime Control Policy / Edition 1

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Since the late 1980s, it seems that policy-makers and politicians in the UK have increasingly looked west across the Atlantic for inspiration in the field of crime control. More broadly, recent years have seen a growing focus upon the extent to which, and ways in which, policy ideas and practices travel within and across national boundaries. Scholars from a number of disciplines have become increasingly interested in the concepts of policy transfer and related ideas.

This book contains the first major empirical study of policy transfer in the field of criminal justice and crime control. It focuses upon policy transfer from the USA to the UK, and undertakes a detailed examination of the processes of policy change in three key areas that have been widely perceived as imports from the USA: the privatization of corrections, 'two' and 'three strikes' sentencing, and 'zero tolerance' policing. Drawing upon a wealth of documentary evidence and interviews with leading politicians, policy-makers and other key players in policy developments, the authors explore the complex processes involved in policy transfer and analyse the nature and degree of US influence in these areas.

About the Author:
Trevor Jones is Senior Lecturer in Criminology and Criminal Justice in the School of Social Sciences at the University of Cardiff, Wales

About the Author:
Tim Newburn is Professor of Criminology and Social Policy and Director of the Mannheim Centre for Criminology at the London School of Economics, and President of the British Society of Criminology

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780335216697
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
  • Publication date: 11/28/2006
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 208
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.67 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements     vii
Convergence and divergence in crime control     1
Introduction     1
Convergence and divergence in crime control     3
Crime control in the USA     8
Americanization     12
Is policy transfer important?     17
Policy-making and policy transfer     20
Exploring 'policy' and 'policy-making'     20
Policy convergence and policy transfer     23
Researching policy transfer     34
Conclusion     38
Privatizing punishment     40
The re-emergence of commercial corrections in the UK     40
Timing and policy similarity     47
Policy transfer agents     49
Policy transfer processes     62
Limits to policy transfer     65
Commercial corrections and policy transfer     71
'Three strikes' and mandatory sentencing     74
Mandatory minimum sentencing in the UK     75
Timing and policy similarity     80
Policy transfer agents     86
Policy transfer processes     91
Limits to policy transfer     96
Sentencing reform and policy transfer     103
Zero tolerancepolicing     106
Zero tolerance in the UK     107
Timing and policy similarity     112
Policy transfer agents     120
Policy transfer processes     127
Limits to policy transfer     130
'Broken windows' and the anti-social behaviour agenda     136
Zero tolerance and policy transfer     140
Policy transfer in crime control     143
Learning from Uncle Sam: policy transfer from the USA     144
Limits to policy transfer     154
Convergence and divergence in criminal justice     159
Understanding policy transfer     160
Future research     163
Notes     165
References     169
Index     183
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