A Political Economy of the Middle East / Edition 3

A Political Economy of the Middle East / Edition 3

by Alan Richards, John Waterbury
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0813343488

ISBN-13: 9780813343488

Pub. Date: 07/30/2007

Publisher: Westview Press


This integrated, analytic text presents a comprehensive analysis of the transformation of the political economy of development in the contemporary Middle East over the past several decades. Extensively rewritten and revised, the third edition of A Political Economy of the Middle East retains a focus on the interaction of economic development processes,

Overview


This integrated, analytic text presents a comprehensive analysis of the transformation of the political economy of development in the contemporary Middle East over the past several decades. Extensively rewritten and revised, the third edition of A Political Economy of the Middle East retains a focus on the interaction of economic development processes, state systems, and social actors even as it also: Documents the many changes in demography, education, labor markets, urbanization, water and agriculture, and international labor migration in the Middle East in recent years; Considers the effect of rising oil prices on reinforcement of authoritarian governance in the region; Refines its assessment of “the Washington Consensus” to provide a more nuanced approach to the issue of the shifting balance of state and market in economic growth and reform (in an entirely rewritten Chapter 9); Presents Islamism as a vital force in the region that is nonetheless a vast, diverse social movement with many conflicting participants (in a wholly revised Chapter 14).

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813343488
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
07/30/2007
Edition description:
Third Edition, Third Edition
Pages:
496
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents


Illustrations     ix
Preface to the Third Edition     xiii
Acronyms and Abbreviations     xvii
Introduction     1
Notes     6
The Framework of the Study     7
Economic Growth and Structural Transformation     9
State Structure and Development Policy     20
Social Actors     35
Structural Transformation and Interest Formation     36
Defensive Modernization and Colonial Transformation     39
Conclusion     42
Notes     42
Economic Growth and Structural Change     44
The Natural Resource Base     46
Oil Supply, Demand, and Economic Rents     50
Patterns of Economic Growth     57
Conclusion     65
Notes     69
The Impact of Demographic Change     71
Comparative Demographic Patterns     72
The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change     84
The Politics of Young Populations     89
The Politics of Differential Fertility     90
Rapid Population Growth and the Would-Be Middle Class     94
Conclusion     96
Notes     97
Human Capital: Health,Education, and Labor Markets     98
Health Conditions     99
Educational Systems     112
Labor Markets     133
Conclusion     141
Notes     142
Water and Food Security     144
The Food Gap     147
Policy Constraints to Output Growth     156
Water and the Imperative of a New Food Security Strategy     165
Conclusion     176
Notes     177
The Emergence of the Public Sector     179
The State as Architect of Structural Transformation     180
Ataturk and the Turkish Paradigm     181
Replicating the Paradigm     185
State Capitalism, the State Bourgeoisie, and the Process of Accumulation     206
Notes     209
Contradictions of State-Led Growth     211
The Continued Dominance of Public-Sector Enterprise     215
The Political Economy of "Structural Adjustment,"     218
Notes     227
Re-Mixing Market and State: The Uncertain Career of the "Washington Consensus"     228
A Survey of Country Experiences     233
Conclusion     260
Notes     261
Urban Political Economy      264
The Process of Urbanization     268
Housing and Infrastructure     270
Poverty and Distribution of Income     274
Urban Politics and Political Violence     280
Notes     287
Political Regimes: As Viewed By Themselves and Others     289
Socialist Republics     291
"Liberal" Monarchies     311
Established and Would-Be Democracies     316
The Islamic Republics     320
Future Regimes: Some Speculations     322
Notes     324
Solidarism and Its Enemies     325
Small Groups and Clientelist Politics     326
The Failure of Parties     328
The Tenets of Solidarism     330
The Failure of Ideology     338
The Islamist Challenge     339
Democracy Without Democrats?     341
Conclusion     343
Notes     343
The Military and the State     344
The Military in Middle East Politics     344
Good Guys or Bad Guys?     348
The Economic Weight of the Military     349
The Military and Nation Building     357
The Regular Military and Civilians-in-Arms     358
Conclusion      360
Notes     361
Is Islam the Solution?     362
Preliminaries     362
Islamism as a Social Movement: Coalitions of Social Actors     365
Islamism as a Social Movement: Collective Action     368
Islamist Economic Thought and Practice     372
Islamists in Power     378
Conclusion     382
Notes     383
Regional Economic Integration and Labor Migration     385
Labor Migration: An Overview     388
The First Stream: To the European Union     389
The Second Stream: To the Gulf     390
The Impact of Labor Migration on Sending Countries     394
The Impact of Migration on Receiving Countries     402
Conclusion     405
Notes     405
Conclusion     407
References     415
Index     451

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