Political Violence and Trauma in Argentinaby Antonius C. G. M. Robben
Pub. Date: 11/30/2007
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
For decades, Argentina's population was subject to human rights violations ranging from the merely disruptive to the abominable. Violence pervaded Argentine social and cultural life in the repression of protest crowds, a ruthless counterinsurgency campaign, massive numbers of abductions, instances of torture, and innumerable assassinations. Despite continued… See more details below
For decades, Argentina's population was subject to human rights violations ranging from the merely disruptive to the abominable. Violence pervaded Argentine social and cultural life in the repression of protest crowds, a ruthless counterinsurgency campaign, massive numbers of abductions, instances of torture, and innumerable assassinations. Despite continued repression, thousands of parents searched for their disappeared children, staging street protests that eventually marshaled international support. Challenging the notion that violence simply breeds more violence, Antonius C. G. M. Robben's provocative study argues that in Argentina violence led to trauma, and that trauma bred more violence.
In this work of superior scholarship, Robben analyzes the historical dynamic through which Argentina became entangled in a web of violence spun out of repeated traumatization of political adversaries. This violence-trauma-violence cycle culminated in a cultural war that "disappeared" more than ten thousand people and caused millions to live in fear. Political Violence and Trauma in Argentina demonstrates through a groundbreaking multilevel analysis the process by which different historical strands of violence coalesced during the 1970s into an all-out military assault on Argentine society and culture.
Combining history and anthropology, this compelling book rests on thorough archival research; participant observation of mass demonstrations, exhumations, and reburials; gripping interviews with military officers, guerrilla commanders, human rights leaders, and former disappeared captives. Robben's penetrating analysis of the trauma of Argentine society is of great importance for our understanding of other societies undergoing similar crimes against humanity.
Table of Contents
|1||Changing the course of history : dignity, emancipation, and entrenchment||3|
|2||The time of the furnaces : proscription, compromise, and insurrection||25|
|3||A breeze turned into hurricane : the apogee of crowd mobilization||44|
|4||Crowd clashes : euphoria, disenchantment, and rupture||64|
|5||Shots in the night : revenge, revolution, and insurgency||89|
|6||The long arm of popular justice : punishment, rebellion, and sacrifice||107|
|7||Revolution postponed : anger, frustration, and entitlement||128|
|8||The shadows of death : improvisation, counterinsurgency, and downfall||147|
|9||The war of cultures : hierarchy versus equality, Christianity versus Marxism||171|
|10||The wheelworks of repression : assault, abduction, and annihilation||190|
|11||The operating theater : torture, dehumanization, and traumatization||213|
|12||Political prisons and secret detention centers : dismantlement, desocialization, and rehabilitation||236|
|13||The disappearance : despair, terror, and fear||261|
|14||The search : hope, anguish, and illusion||282|
|15||The call for truth : defiance, resistance, and maternal power||299|
|16||Recovery and reburial of the past : democracy, accountability, and impunity||318|
|Conclusion : the spirals of violence and trauma||341|
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