Politics and Bureaucracy in the Modern Presidency: Careerists and Appointees in the Reagan Administration

Overview

This is the first large-scale aggregate data study of career-noncareer relations in U.S. administrations. This research is put into the perspective of a succinct history of relations between careerists and political appointees. Interviews and comments from more than 50 surveys add further color and provide interesting impressions about relations during the Reagan administration. Findings lead to new, important conclusions and suggestions for reform. Political scientists, policymakers, public administrators, and ...

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Overview

This is the first large-scale aggregate data study of career-noncareer relations in U.S. administrations. This research is put into the perspective of a succinct history of relations between careerists and political appointees. Interviews and comments from more than 50 surveys add further color and provide interesting impressions about relations during the Reagan administration. Findings lead to new, important conclusions and suggestions for reform. Political scientists, policymakers, public administrators, and historians will find this work valuable considering bureaucratic and political problems.

Using a data base including 118 political appointees and 513 high-level career bureaucrats from 15 federal organizations in the Reagan administration, Maranto tests numerous propositions from political science and public administration concerning career-noncareer relations in the U.S. executive branch of government. The study starts with a history of the civil service, describes career-noncareer relations in the modern presidency, and then examines the Reagan administration. Maranto's findings indicate that the Reagan administration used ideological criteria in personnel policy but on a more modest scale than many have believed. A number of reforms are proposed for improving executive relationships.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

ROBERT MARANTO is an Assistant Professor of Government at Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, specializing in bureaucratic politics, the presidency, and public administration. He is co-author of A Short History of the U.S. Civil Service, and his work has appeared in various scholarly journals.

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Table of Contents

Tables
Acknowledgments
Ch. 1 Introduction 1
Ch. 2 The Early Development of the U.S. Civil Service 7
Ch. 3 Career-Noncareer Relations in the Modern Presidency 25
Ch. 4 The Reagan Administrative Presidency 45
Ch. 5 Defense and Domestic Agencies: The Effects of Ideology on Career-Noncareer Relations in the Reagan Administration 61
Ch. 6 Promotion and Pay in the Reagan Bureaucracy 103
Ch. 7 The Politics-Administration Dichotomy 117
Ch. 8 Was There a "Cycle of Accommodation" in the Reagan Executive? 127
Ch. 9 Conclusions: Lessons from the Elephant 139
Appendix 1: Interviews 149
Appendix 2: The Survey Document 151
Appendix 3: Agency Selection 159
Bibliography 163
Index 175
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