Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State

Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State

by Gregory S. Mahler
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0742516105

ISBN-13: 9780742516106

Pub. Date: 02/20/2004

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

An introductory textbook that necessarily selects topics, but includes lists of further reading at the end of each chapter, partly to point students to alternative views. It covers the political setting, the governmental institutions, and foreign policy and the Middle Eastern political setting. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Overview

An introductory textbook that necessarily selects topics, but includes lists of further reading at the end of each chapter, partly to point students to alternative views. It covers the political setting, the governmental institutions, and foreign policy and the Middle Eastern political setting. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780742516106
Publisher:
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
02/20/2004
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
6.36(w) x 8.96(h) x 1.15(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables, Maps, and Boxesxi
Prefacexv
Introduction: The Study of Israel in Comparative Context1
What Do We Study?1
How Do We Study Politics?2
Studying Political Institutions and Behavior4
Studying Israeli Government and Politics5
Notes10
Part IThe Political Setting
1History and the Creation of Israel13
Historical Roots of Contemporary Israel15
The Emergence of Zionism, 1830-191717
Growth of the Yishuv, 1880-193920
The Balfour Declaration and the British Mandate Period, 1917-194723
World War II and the Holocaust33
Transition to Statehood, 1945-194834
The Palestinians38
History and the Creation of Israel42
Suggested Reading44
Notes45
2Zionism, Religion, and the Domestic Political Environment53
The Concept of Zionism55
The Religious Communities of Israel62
Judaism in Israel63
Religion and Politics--Jewish Issues69
Israel's Non-Jewish Communities75
Zionism, Religion, and the State77
Suggested Reading78
Notes79
3The Social and Economic Context of Politics85
Peoples of Israel86
Ashkenazim and Sephardim89
Immigration and Emigration90
Social Class93
Education and Culture94
Health Care and Social Services96
Cities, Villages, Kibbutzim, and Moshavim98
The Economy101
Foreign Economic Relations105
The Political Culture and the Economy106
Suggested Reading107
Notes109
Part IIThe Governmental Institutions
4The Constitutional System and Parliamentary Government117
The Debate over Creating a Written Constitution118
The Structures of the Israeli Constitution122
The Role of the Courts in the Creation of a Constitution126
Israel as a Parliamentary System132
Conclusion134
Suggested Reading135
Notes136
5The Prime Minister and the Knesset141
The Setting141
The Balance of Power145
Legislation in the Knesset147
The Members of Knesset150
Legislative Behavior of Members of the Knesset151
Knesset Organization154
Coalition Politics and Coalition Governments158
The Knesset, the Government, and Israeli Politics164
Suggested Reading165
Notes165
6Political Parties and Interest Groups171
The Setting171
Ideology in Israel173
The Functions of Parties175
Parties and Issues177
Interest Groups182
Suggested Reading186
Notes187
7The Electoral Process and Voting Behavior193
The Electoral System and Israeli Voting Behavior194
Proportional Representation and Elections194
Past Proposals for Electoral Change202
The New Electoral System for Prime Minister206
Voting Behavior and Electoral Results207
Voting and Ideology207
Ethnicity209
Voting Trends209
Significance of the Electoral Process for Israel212
Suggested Reading215
Notes216
8The Machinery of Government221
The Bureaucracy and the Civil Service223
Local Government227
The Judiciary and the Legal System in Israeli Politics230
The Military and the Government235
The Bureaucracy, the Judiciary, and the Military237
Suggested Reading238
Notes240
Part IIIForeign Policy and the Middle Eastern Political Setting
9The Foreign Policy Setting251
The Setting: The Legacy of Warfare252
Strategic Considerations268
Military-Security Concerns270
Political-Diplomatic Concerns273
Economic-Developmental Concerns275
Cultural-Status Concerns277
The Foreign Policy Setting: A Recapitulation277
Suggested Reading279
Notes280
10The Palestinians, the West Bank and Gaza, and Jerusalem289
History290
The Palestinians292
Palestinian Statehood and Governance296
Palestinian Goals301
The West Bank and Gaza303
Jerusalem306
Israeli Attitudes, Intentions, and Policies309
The Palestinians, the West Bank and Gaza, and Jerusalem316
Suggested Reading318
Notes319
11The Peace Process331
The Quest for Peace331
Progress toward Peace, Post-1948333
Progress toward Peace, Post-1956334
Camp David and the Peace Process, 1978-1982335
Israel's Peace Initiative, 1989341
The Madrid Peace Conference, 1991342
The Oslo Accords, 1993344
The Wye River Memorandum, October 23, 1998347
The Sharm el-Sheikh Memorandum, April 30, 2001350
Bilateral Progress351
The Copenhagen Track356
The Quest for Peace, Again358
Suggested Reading359
Notes359
Index367
About the Author381

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