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Politics and Policy in States and Communities / Edition 11

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Overview

Explores the dynamics of state and community politics

Politics and Policy in States and Communities explores the major issues facing states and localities and traces how the institutions of state and local government have changed over the years. The book explores topics such as the dramatic waves of reform in state and local government since World War II; the unprecedented role that governments play in today’s political economy; and social conflicts over ethnicity, gender, sexual preference, and religion.

Learning Goals:

Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:

  • Explore how they can participate in state or local politics
  • Understand the major issues facing state and local governments today
  • Understand how state and local governments have changed over time
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205745494
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 11/25/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 11
  • Pages: 560
  • Product dimensions: 8.90 (w) x 7.40 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

In this Section:

1) Brief Table of Contents

2) Full Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction to State and Community Politics

Chapter 2: The Constitutional Environment of State and Local Governments

Chapter 3: The Intergovernmental Framework for State and Community Politics

Chapter 4: Channels of Citizen Influence: Participation, Public Opinion, and Interest Groups

Chapter 5: Channels of Citizen Influence: The Ballot Box, Parties, and Direct Action

Chapter 6: The Institutions of Local Government

Chapter 7: The Dynamics of Community Politics

Chapter 8: State Legislatures and Public Policy

Chapter 9: Governors and the Challenge of Executive Leadership

Chapter 10: Administrators and the Implementation of Policy

Chapter 11: Courts, Crime, and Corrections in American States

Chapter 12: Financing State and Local Governments

Chapter 13: Poverty and Social Welfare Policies

Chapter 14: Education

Chapter 15: Infrastructure Policies: Transportation and Housing and Community Development

Chapter 16: Regulating the Environment

Chapter 17: State and Community Economic Development Policies


2) Full Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction to State and Community Politics

Introduction

All Levels of Government Are Important in the United States

The Growth of State and Local Governments

Rejuvenation of State and Local Government

What Matters in State and Community Politics

The Plan of This Book

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 2: The Constitutional Environment of State and Local Governments

Introduction

State Constitutions

Criticisms of State Constitutions

The Model State Constitution

The Politics of Constitutional Reform

Constitutional Reform and Social Change

Local “Constitutions”

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 3: The Intergovernmental Framework for State and Community Politics

Introduction

The Evolution of Federalism

Other Intergovernmental Politics

Regional Conflict

Intergovernmental Impact on State and Local Political
Economies

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 4: Channels of Citizen Influence: Participation, Public Opinion, and Interest Groups

Introduction

Political Participation

Public Opinion

Interest Groups

Conclusion

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 5: Channels of Citizen Influence: The Ballot Box, Parties, and Direct Action

Introduction

The Ballot Box

Getting the Votes Counted

Political Parties

Direct Democracy

Direct Action

Social Change and The Ballot Box

Conclusion

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 6: The Institutions of Local Government

Introduction

Different Types of Local Government

The Organization of Counties and Cities

The Evolution of Reform-Style City Politics

The Progressive Reform Movement

The Metropolitan Challenge

Social Change and Local Government

Conclusion

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 7: The Dynamics of Community Politics

Introduction

Theories of Community Power

Who Governs in the Age of Urban Restructuring?

The Quest for Local Leadership

Mayors and the Challenge of Social Conflict

Mayoral Leadership and the Urban Political Economy

Conclusion

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 8: State Legislatures and Public Policy

Introduction

Legislative Functions

Legislative Structure: How Organization Affects Policy Making

Parties and Policy Making: The Responsible-Party Model

Legislative Process: How Legislators Make Policy

Legislative Reform: Improving Legislative Performance

Rolling Back Reform: Deinstitutionalization?

Conclusion

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 9: Governors and the Challenge of Executive Leadership

Introduction

The Demand for Strong Executives

Executive Leadership at the State Level: Making
Governors Stronger

Exercising Leadership: Governors’ Styles

Other State Executives

Governors and Public Conflict

Conclusion

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 10: Administrators and the Implementation of Policy

Introduction

Tension Between Administrators and Elected Officials

Managing Personnel for Better Policy Implementation

Social Conflict in the Public Workforce

Reconciling Work and Family Concerns

Reorganizing and Reengineering Bureaucracy
to Improve Performance

Budgeting as a Device for Improving Executive Management

Political Economy and Reengineering for Greater Productivity

Conclusion

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 11: Courts, Crime, and Corrections in American States

Introduction

Public Policy and the Courts

Court Organization and Procedure

Politics in American Courts

Courts and Social Conflict: Coping with Crime

Political Values and Conflicts Over Criminal Justice Policy

Courts and Corrections in the Aftermath of September 11

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 12: Financing State and Local Governments

Introduction

How State and Local Governments Spend Your Money

Where State and Local Revenues Come From

Conflicts and Issues in State and Local Finance

State-Community Finance and the Political Economy

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 13: Poverty and Social Welfare Policies

Introduction

Poverty as a Social Problem

Political Values and Poverty

State, Local, and Federal Roles in Social Welfare Policy

The Major Social Welfare Programs

Health Care Policies: The Intergovernmental System in Practice

Reforming Social Welfare

Welfare Reform, Social Conflict, and the Political Economy

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 14: Education

Introduction

State, Local, and Federal Roles in Education

Political Values and Public Education

Struggles over Values

Education and Social Conflict

Reforming Public Education

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 15: Infrastructure Policies: Transportation and Housing and Community Development

Introduction

Transportation

The Rise to Dominance of the Highway System

Housing and Community Development

Political Values and the Social Consequences
of Infrastructure Policy

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 16: Regulating the Environment

Introduction

Environmental Regulation

Does the Pollution Control System Work?

Social Conflict and the Environment: Environmental Justice

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Chapter 17: State and Community Economic Development Policies

Introduction

The Changing Climate for State and Community Economies

Strategies for Economic Development

More Active Strategies

Issues in the Search for Economic Development

Social Conflict and the Competition for Economic Development

Summary

Study Questions

Key Terms

The Internet Connection

References

Appendix: Career Prospects in State and Local Government

Glossary

Name Index

Subject Index

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