Religion and Politics in France and the United States compares the current status and views of Jews, Christians, and Muslims regarding political life in two states. Longstanding traditions of laicite and of constitutional law frame discussions of political speech, voting patterns, and attempts to deal with demographic and cultural shifts characteristic of French and American societies. Papers by leading scholars demonstrate the ways that historical experience sheds light on current events; how it is, for example, that previous efforts to deal with religious difference affect current approaches to the display of religious symbols in state schools, or how the struggles of minority groups for recognition affect voting patterns. One question running throughout the volume is, what can French and American policymakers and citizens learn from one another, as they seek to deal with the challenges presented by contemporary life? This book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.
A series of informative and thought-provoking essays which explore the interface between religion and politics in two of the world’s great democracies. The paired essays, which are perceptively and profitably handled, provide for interesting comparative readings.
Alec G. Hargreaves is director of the Winthrop-King Institute for Contemporary French and Francophone Studies at Florida State University. John Kelsay is distinguished research professor and Richard L. Rubinstein Professor of Religion at Florida State University. Sumner B. Twiss is distinguished professor of human rights, ethics, and religion at Florida State University, and professor emeritus of religious studies at Brown University.
Part 1 Historical and Constitutional Frameworks Chapter 2 Religion, Politics, and Law in the United States in Comparative Perspective Chapter 3 Historical and Constitutional Relations between Churches and the State in France Part 4 Protestantism Chapter 5 Religious Freedom and American Protestantism Chapter 6 Putting God into the City: Protestants in France Part 7 Catholicism Chapter 8 The Catholic Story: The Political Consequences of Internal Pluralism Chapter 9 French Catholics, Secularization, and Politics Part 10 Judaism Chapter 11 The American Jewish Experience Chapter 12 From Assimilation to Post-Republicanism: Jews in France Part 13 Islam Chapter 14 To Vote or not to Vote: The Politicization of American Islam Chapter 15 From Migrants to Citizens: Muslims in France Part 16 Conclusions Chapter 17 Current Issues in France Chapter 18 Politicized Religion in France and the United States: Different Histories, Common Ideals, Similar Dilemmas