Politics and the Papacy in the Modern World

Overview

The outbreak of the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution at the turn of the nineteenth century transformed the world and ushered in the modern age, whose currents challenged the traditional political order and the prevailing religious establishment. The new secular framework presented a potential threat to the papal leadership of the Catholic community, which was profoundly affected by the rush towards modernization. In the nineteenth century the transnational church confronted a world order dominated ...

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Overview

The outbreak of the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution at the turn of the nineteenth century transformed the world and ushered in the modern age, whose currents challenged the traditional political order and the prevailing religious establishment. The new secular framework presented a potential threat to the papal leadership of the Catholic community, which was profoundly affected by the rush towards modernization. In the nineteenth century the transnational church confronted a world order dominated by the national state, until the emergence of globalization towards the close of the twentieth century. Here, Coppa focuses on Rome's response to the modern world, exploring the papacy's political and diplomatic role during the past two centuries. He examines the Vatican's impact upon major ideological developments over the years, including capitalism, nationalism, socialism, communism, modernism, racism, and anti-Semitism. At the same time, he traces the continuity and change in the papacy's attitude towards church-state relations and the relationship between religion and science.

Unlike many earlier studies of the papacy, which examine this unique institution as a self-contained unit and concentrate upon its role within the church, this study examines this key religious institution within the broader framework of national and international political, diplomatic, social, and economic events. Among other things, it explores such questions as the limits to be placed on national sovereignty; the Vatican's critique of capitalism and communism; the morality of warfare; and the need for an equitable international order.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Using his sources scrupulously, Coppa offers a solid synthesis of the Catholic dimension of modern Christian history."

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Choice

"…a useful, accessible survey of relations between secular governments and the modern Roman pontiffs."

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Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275990299
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 6/30/2008
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

FRANK J. COPPA is Professor of History and Director of the university's doctoral program in Modern World History at St. John's University. He is an Associate Editor of the New Catholic Encyclopedia. An expert in Modern European, Modern Italian, and Papal history he has published widely in all three areas. He is the recipient of numerous grants including Fulbright and National Endowment for the Humanities as well as University grants. He has served as general editor and contributor to The Dictionary of Modern Italian History (1985); The Encyclopedia of the Vatican and Papacy (1999); The Great Popes through History (2002); and The Encyclopedia of Modern Dictators (2006) among others. Most recently he has published The Papacy, the Jews, and the Holocaust (2006).

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction: Rome and the Powers in the Modern Age 1

2 The Papacy Between Revolutionary Upheaval and Restoration, 1789-1849 13

3 Rome Grapples with Liberalism, Nationalism, and Sectionalism, 1849-1878 33

4 The Papacy Confronts Social Issues, Modernism, and International Relations, 1878-1914 55

5 Benedict XV, the World War, and the League of Nations, 1914-1922 77

6 The Vatican in an Age of Dictatorship, Totalitarianism, and Anti-Semitism, 1922-1939 99

7 The Vatican's "Impartiality, " "Silence," and "Internationalism" During World War II and Beyond 121

8 The Papacy and the Cold War: The Confrontation Between Catholicism and Communism 141

9 The Second Vatican Council, Aggiornamento, and Papal Accommodation with the Modern World, 1958-1978 161

10 The Contemporary Papacy, Shuttle Diplomacy, and the Collapse of Communism, 1978-2005 181

11 Quo Vadis Benedict XVI? 203

12 Conclusion: Continuity and Change in Papal Policy 221

Notes 233

Select Bibliography 261

Index 271

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