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Politics in a Changing World, 5th Edition / Edition 5

Politics in a Changing World, 5th Edition / Edition 5

by Marcus E. Ethridge

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ISBN-10: 0495570486

ISBN-13: 2900495570485

Pub. Date: 01/16/2009

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Our mission: At Wadsworth Political Science, our goal is to publish current, relevant programs that help instructors create lively, engaging classrooms. We aim to further inspire those students who are passionate about the discipline, and to motivate beginning students by showing them that they can, indeed, make a difference.


Our mission: At Wadsworth Political Science, our goal is to publish current, relevant programs that help instructors create lively, engaging classrooms. We aim to further inspire those students who are passionate about the discipline, and to motivate beginning students by showing them that they can, indeed, make a difference.

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Cengage Learning
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Older Edition

Table of Contents

Preface viii

About the Authors xii

I Fundamentals 1

1 Politics, Government, and Political Science 3

Politics and Government Defined 7

Government Functions 9

Kinds of Governments 11

The Stakes of Politics 14

Politics in a Changing World 24

Conclusion: Why Study Political Science? 27

2 Ideologies: Images of Political Life 33

Liberalism and Conservatism 34

Capitalism 41

Marxism 43

Socialism 47

Other Ideologes 50

Conclusion: Ideology Shapes Political Community and Political Conflict 58

II Political Behavior 63

3 Political Culture and Socialization 65

Political Culture: Origins of the Concept 67

Agents of Political Socialization 69

Classifying Political Cultures 75

The Evolution of Political Cultures 82

Conclusion: The Utility of Political Culture 89

4 Public Opinion and Elections 94

Influences on Public Opinion and Voting Choice 95

Voter Turnout 112

Belief Systems 117

The Electoral Process and Campaign Money 118

Electoral Systems 120

Public Opinion Polling 126

Conculsion: Elections and Public Opinion-

The People's Voice? 127

5 Political Parties 133

What Are Political Parties? 135

The Functions of Political Parties 136

The Origins of Political Parties 143

Party Systems 145

Types of Political Parties 148

Conclusion: Parties in a Changing World 156

6 Interest Groups 163

Interest Groups: What They Are and How They Work 165

The Power of Interest Groups 177

The Growth of Interest Groups 182

How Interest Groups Are Formed 183

Conclusion: Interest Groups-A Challenge for Democracy? 188

III Political Institutions 193

7 Legislative Institutions 195


Legislatures: Features, Functions, and Structure 197

Representation 210

Party Responsibility and Legislative Behavior 212

The Changing Role of Modern Legislatures 214

8 Executive Institutions and Political Leadership 219

The Functions of Executive Institutions 220

Kinds of Executive Institutions 226

Limits on Executive Power 228

Approaches to Executive Leadership 231

Conclusion: The Evolving Challenges of Executive Power 237

9 Judicial Institutions 241

Judicial Functions 242

Justice and the Political System 243

Kinds of Law 247

Judicial Institutions: Structure and Design 251

Judicial Decisions and Public Policy 256

Perspectives on Judicial Policy Making 257

10 Bureaucratic Institutions 264

What Is Bureaucracy? 267

Bureauratic Functions 269

The Growth of Bureaucracy 271

Bureaucracy Evaluated 273

Bureaucracy and Democracy 278

Can Bureaucracy Be Improved? 283

Bureaucracy in Political Life 284

IV Politics in Selected Nations 289

Some Critical Approaches and Issues 290

Great Britain and the United States: Developed Democracies 290

Russia and China: Past and Present Communist Giants 291

Mexico: A Developing Nation 291

11 U.S. Government: The Dilemmas of Democracy 293

The Founding Period 294

Governmental Institutions 298

Patricipation in U.S. Politics 230

U.S. Politics: Prospects and Challenges 325

12 Great Britain: A Traditional Democracy 341

The Relevance of British Politics 342

Comtemporary British Society and Political Culture 345

Political Parties and Voting 351

Interst Groups 359

The Structure of Government 361

Public Policy and the British Economy 365

Conclusion: Great Britain in the Twenty-First Century 368

13 Russia: The Elusive Path to and from Democracy 372

The Relevance of the Russian Experience 374

The Rise and Fall of Soviet Communism 375

The Birth of a New Political System 382

Restructuring the Economy 391

Russia in the Early Years of the Twenty-First Century: The Putin Presidency and After 397

Putin and the Creation of an All-Powerful Presidency 400

Conclusion: The Transition to Democracy Derailed 405

14 China: Searching for a New Vision 418

The Relevance of Chinese Politics 422

The Chinese Revolution and Its Origins 424

The Evolution of Chinese Politics and Society 426

Reforming the Chinese Economy 429

China's Political System 434

Conclusion: China's Uncertain Future 447

15 The Politics of Developing Nations 459

The Meaning of Underdevelopment 460

Theories of Underdevelopment and Development 471

Sources of Political Conflict 475

Problems of Political Participation 478

Women in Third World Society and Politics 480

Third World Political Institutions 484

Conclusion: Recent Developments and Future Trends 490

16 Mexico: The Birth of Democracy 496

The Relevance of Mexican Politics 497

Mexico's Formative Years and the Legacy of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) 499

The Post-revolutionary Order 501

The Making of a Modern Economy 502

The Struggle for Political Development 506

Conclusion: A Developing Democracy 523

V International Relations 531

17 Approaches to International Realtions 533

International Relations versus Domestic Politics 534

Idealists and Realists 535

War and International Relations 540

The Politics of Nuclear Weapons 544

Foreign Policy Decision Making 547

International Political Economy 550

International Law and Organization 554

Ethics and International Relations 560

Conclusion: War, Trade, Foreign Policy, and the Stakes of International Politics 560

18 A Changing World Order 565

From the End of the Cold War to the Beginnings of an Uncertain Future 566

Policing Trouble Spots: A New World Order or a World without Order? 568

The Changing Nature of the International Arms Race 571

Current Trends in World Trade: Economic Unification and Beyond 574

North-South Relations 579

Protecting the Environment 586

Human Rights 588

Women's Rights 592

International Terrorism 594

Conclusion: The Changing Face of International Relations 595

VI Epilogue 599

19 Future Challenges and Developments 601

Climate Changes and Public Policy Responses 602

Resource Conservation 604

Serving the Elderly: Health Care and Retirement Pensions 605

Immigration Policy in Developed Nations 606

Russia and the West: A New Cold War? 608

The Asian Century 611

Conclusion 614

Glossary 617

Index 631

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