Politics in Chile: Socialism, Authoritarianism, and Market Democracy / Edition 3

Politics in Chile: Socialism, Authoritarianism, and Market Democracy / Edition 3

by Lois Hecht Oppenheim
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0813342279

ISBN-13: 9780813342276

Pub. Date: 01/28/2007

Publisher: Westview Press


The third edition of Politics in Chile provides significantly updated coverage of Chilean politics and economic development from the return to civilian rule in 1990 to the 2006 election and early administration of Socialist Michelle Bachelet, Chile’s first woman president. Lois Hecht Oppenheim focuses on recent efforts to reconstruct democratic

Overview


The third edition of Politics in Chile provides significantly updated coverage of Chilean politics and economic development from the return to civilian rule in 1990 to the 2006 election and early administration of Socialist Michelle Bachelet, Chile’s first woman president. Lois Hecht Oppenheim focuses on recent efforts to reconstruct democratic practices and institutions, including resolving such sensitive and lingering issues as human-rights violations under Pinochet and civil-military relations. Chapters on the contemporary politics and economics under the civilian Concertación governments are largely rewritten for this edition. Rather than focusing on the “search for development,” the third edition considers in greater depth the “exceptionalism” of the Chilean economic experiment through successive stages of stability, socialism, and neoliberalism.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813342276
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
01/28/2007
Edition description:
Third Edition
Pages:
320
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents


List of Tables     xi
Acronyms     xiii
Preface to the Third Edition     xvii
Introduction
An Overview of Chilean Politics     3
The Context for Politics     5
A Political Economy Approach to Chilean Politics     6
Political Implications of Development Strategies     8
Chile's Experiment in Socialism and the Collapse of Democracy, 1970-1973
The Popular Unity's Project: A Nonviolent Transition to Socialism     31
Electoral Coalitions and Candidates for the 1970 Presidency     31
The 1970 Election: An Uncertain Mandate     34
The UP Program: A Nonviolent Road to Social Transformation     36
The Limitations of Office     38
The Creation of a Socialized Sector of the Economy     42
The Political Implications of the UP in Power     44
Overview of the Allende Years, 1970-1973: Major Issues and Political Dynamics     47
The First Year     48
The Second Year     59
The Last Year     67
The System Collapses: Causes of the Military Coup     79
Internal Factors     80
External Factors     91
Multiple Causes of the Coup     95
Chile Under Military Rule, 1973-1989
The Military in Power:Creating a New Chile     101
The Chilean Version of the Bureaucratic-Authoritarian Model     102
Phases of Military Rule     104
Phase I, 1973-1977: Consolidating Power, Depoliticizing Society, and Choosing an Economic Model     105
Phase II, 1977-1981: Institutionalizing the New Political and Economic Realities     113
Phase III, 1981-1982: The Economic Crisis     119
Phase IV, 1983-1986: Popular Mobilization for a Return to Democracy     120
Phase V 1987-1990: Transition to Civilian Rule     122
The Neoliberal Economic Model and Its Social and Political Consequences     125
The System Changes     125
The Neoliberal Model and the Chicago Boys     126
Consequences of the Neoliberal Model: Concentration of Wealth     129
The Seven Modernizations: Municipal Control and Privatization     133
Neoliberalism and Urban Policy     138
Some Conclusions About the Impact of the Neoliberal Model     140
Political Opposition to Military Rule and the Reawakening of Civil Society     143
Opposition Politics: An Overview     144
Political Parties During the Dictatorship     145
Opposition Politics During the 1983-1986 Protests     152
The Transition to Civilian Rule      160
Characteristics and Challenges of the Chilean Transition to Democracy     164
Continuities and Change in Post-Pinochet Chile: Market Democracy Under the Concertacion
Chile as an Economic "Jaguar": An Evaluation of Concertacion Economic Policy     169
The Emergence of the Chilean Jaguar     169
Reasons for Adopting the Market Approach     171
Characteristics and Continuities in Concertacion Economic Policy     172
Concertacion Innovations in Economic Policy     181
Challenges for the Concertacion     192
The Chilean Model Reconsidered     204
The Long Transition Ends: Democracy Consolidated     209
Overview of the Transition Process Under the Concertacion     209
Context for the Transition: Legacies of the Past     212
The Aylwin Years: First Steps in Reconstructing Democracy     214
Reconstructing Democracy During the Frei Administration     226
Assessment of Democratic Reconstruction at the End of the 1990s     233
The Lagos Years: Democracy Consolidated     234
The 2005-2006 Presidential Election     244
Democratic Consolidation Under Bachelet: Prioritizing Equity and Participation     248
Looking to the Future: Issues and Challenges for the Concertacion and the Right     251
Some Concluding Thoughts on the Chilean Case and Chilean Exceptionalism     253
Notes     257
Selected Bibliography     293
Index     301

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