The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia: Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought [NOOK Book]

Overview


In this rich intellectual history, Cemil Aydin challenges the notion that anti-Westernism in the Muslim world is a political and religious reaction to the liberal and democratic values of the West. Nor is anti-Westernism a natural response to Western imperialism. Instead, by focusing on the agency and achievements of non-Western intellectuals, Aydin demonstrates that modern anti-Western discourse grew out of the legitimacy crisis of a single, Eurocentric global polity in the ...

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The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia: Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought

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Overview


In this rich intellectual history, Cemil Aydin challenges the notion that anti-Westernism in the Muslim world is a political and religious reaction to the liberal and democratic values of the West. Nor is anti-Westernism a natural response to Western imperialism. Instead, by focusing on the agency and achievements of non-Western intellectuals, Aydin demonstrates that modern anti-Western discourse grew out of the legitimacy crisis of a single, Eurocentric global polity in the age of high imperialism.

Aydin compares Ottoman Pan-Islamic and Japanese Pan-Asian visions of world order from the middle of the nineteenth century to the end of World War II. He looks at when the idea of a universal "West" first took root in the minds of Asian intellectuals and reformers and how it became essential in criticizing the West for violating its own "standards of civilization." Aydin also illustrates why these anti-Western visions contributed to the decolonization process and considers their influence on the international relations of both the Ottoman and Japanese Empires during WWI and WWII.

The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia offers a rare, global perspective on how religious tradition and the experience of European colonialism interacted with Muslim and non-Muslim discontent with globalization, the international order, and modernization. Aydin's approach reveals the epistemological limitations of Orientalist knowledge categories, especially the idea of Eastern and Western civilizations, and the way in which these limitations have shaped not only the contradictions and political complicities of anti-Western discourses but also contemporary interpretations of anti-Western trends. In moving beyond essentialist readings of this history, Aydin provides a fresh understanding of the history of contemporary anti-Americanism as well as the ongoing struggle to establish a legitimate and inclusive international society.

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Editorial Reviews

Foreign Affairs
[Aydin] has a sure grasp of what is fundamental and what is merely of the moment.

— Lucian W. Pye

Pacific Affairs
Required reading for anyone researching the history of anti-Western ideology in Asia.

— Sven Saaler

H-Diplo
The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia should become required reading.
H-Soz-u-Kult
Aydin's book offers a thorough and nuanced portrayal of Pan-Asian and Pan-Islamic thought.

— Michael Facius

Matthew Connelly
This volume is a rich intellectual history revealing the fascinating ways in which Pan-Islamism and Pan-Asianism were intertwined.
Richard A. Falk
Cemil Aydin has written a fascinating book of exceptional scholarly quality. It explores elegantly, with impressive learning, the responses of Japanese and Ottoman civilizations to the West in the period 1880 to 1945. This study in the history of ideas is surprisingly relevant to such current concerns as 'the clash of civilizations' and 'the future of world order.'
John Voll
Cemil Aydin presents a profound analysis of anti-Westernism that transcends simplistic polemics about 'why they hate us' and offers a significant contribution to understanding intercultural relations in the modern era. Combining expertise in Middle Eastern and Asian studies, Aydin joins a clear global perspective with an in-depth historical study. The result is a comprehensive understanding of one of the major themes of modern global affairs.
Foreign Affairs - Lucian W. Pye
[Aydin] has a sure grasp of what is fundamental and what is merely of the moment.
Pacific Affairs - Sven Saaler
Required reading for anyone researching the history of anti-Western ideology in Asia.
H-Soz-u-Kult - Michael Facius
Aydin's book offers a thorough and nuanced portrayal of Pan-Asian and Pan-Islamic thought.
Journal of Global History - Michael Farquhar
...an impressive work.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780231510684
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • Publication date: 7/9/2007
  • Series: Columbia Studies in International and Global History
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 320
  • File size: 17 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

Cemil Aydin studied at Boiazici University, Istanbul University, and the University of Tokyo before receiving his Ph.D. from Harvard University. He was an Academy Scholar at the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies (2002-2004) and is currently an assistant professor of history at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte.

Columbia University Press

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Table of Contents


Acknowledgments     ix
Introduction     1
The Universal West: Europe Beyond Its Christian and White Race Identity (1840-1882)     15
The Great Rupture: Ottoman Imagination of a European Model     16
Ottoman Westernism and the European International Society     18
A Non-Christian Europe?     21
The West in Early Japanese Reformist Thought     24
The Modern Genesis of Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Ideas     31
Conclusion     37
The Two Faces of the West: Imperialism Versus Enlightenment (1882-1905)     39
The Muslim World as an Inferior Semitic Race: Ernest Renan and His Muslim Critics     47
Yellow Versus White Peril? Pan-Asian Critiques and Conceptions of World Order     54
Crescent Versus Cross? Pan-Islamic Reflections on the "Clash of Civilizations" Thesis     59
Conclusion     69
The Global Moment of the Russo-Japanese War: The Awakening of the East/Equality with the West (1905-1912)     71
An Alternative to the West? Asian Observations on the Japanese Model     78
Defining an Anti-Western Internationalism: Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Visions of Solidarity     83
Japanese Pan-Asianism After the Russo-Japanese War     89
Conclusion     91
The Impact of WWI onPan-Islamic and Pan-Asianist Visions of World Order     93
Pan-Islamism and the Ottoman State     93
The Realist Pan-Islamism of Celal Nuri and Ismail Naci Pelister     99
Pan-Islamic Mobilization during WWI     106
The Transformation of Pan-Asianism During WWI: Okawa Shumei, Indian Nationalists, and Asiaphile European Romantics     111
Asia as a Site of National Liberation     114
Asia as the Hope of Humanity     121
Conclusion     124
The Triumph of Nationalism? The Ebbing of Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Visions of World Order During the 1920S     127
The Wilsonian Moment and Pan-Islamism     128
The Wilsonian Moment and Pan-Asianism     141
Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asianist Perceptions of Socialist Internationalism     145
"Clash of Civilizations" in the Age of Nationalism     149
The Weakness of Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asianist Political Projects During the 1920s     154
Conclusion     160
The Revival of a Pan-Asianist Vision of World Order in Japan (1931-1945)     161
Explaining Japan's Official "Return to Asia"     162
Withdrawal from the League of Nations as a Turning Point     166
Asianist Journals and Organizations     174
Asianist Ideology of the 1930s      180
Wartime Asian Internationalism and Its Postwar Legacy     184
Conclusion     188
Conclusion     191
Notes     205
Bibliography     259
Index     283
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