The Politics Of Fertility Control

Overview

A groundbreaking new book on American policy and human fertility control which reviews and analyzes policies and practices over the last thirty years in each of the fifty states. Arguing that morality politics has helped make fertility policies contentious and complex, McFarlane and Meier conclude that current policies are inadequate for addressing unintended pregnancies and even contribute to high abortion rates. The authors offer alternative public policy designed to be more ...
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Overview

A groundbreaking new book on American policy and human fertility control which reviews and analyzes policies and practices over the last thirty years in each of the fifty states. Arguing that morality politics has helped make fertility policies contentious and complex, McFarlane and Meier conclude that current policies are inadequate for addressing unintended pregnancies and even contribute to high abortion rates. The authors offer alternative public policy designed to be more effective in the future.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
McFarlane (political science, U. of New Mexico) and Meier (liberal arts and political science, Texas A&M U.) review American public policy and human fertility control, policies, and practices of the last 30 years in each of the 50 states. They argue that morality politics have helped make fertility control policies contentious and complex, concluding that current policies are inadequate for addressing unintended pregnancy and suggesting alternatives. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781889119397
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 8/1/2000
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 216
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.46 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables xi
Preface xiii
1. Fertility Control Policy: A Theoretical Approach 1
Public Policy Classifications 3
Morality Policy 3
Heterogeneous Demand
Public Expressions and Private Behavior
Bureaucratic Implementation
Fertility Control as Morality Policy 5
Heterogeneous Preferences
Framing Abortion and Family Planning
Public Pronouncements and Private Behavior
Public and Private Implementation
Fertility Control and Policy Adoption 15
The Likelihood of Policy Success 18
Conclusion 19
2. Contraception and Abortion: A Historical Overview 20
Fertility Control in Ancient Times 20
Ancient Egypt
Ancient Hebrews
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
Christianity
Other Ancient Cultures
Fertility Control in the Middle Ages 24
Contraception
Abortion
Fertility Control in Modern Times 26
Contraception in Early Modern Europe
Contraception in Nineteenth-Century America
Contraception in Twentieth-Century America
Abortion in Nineteenth-Century America
Abortion in Twentieth-Century America
Conclusion 38
3. Family Planning Policies: An Intergovernmental Labyrinth 39
Chronology of Federal Family Planning Policies 39
The 1960s
The 1970s
The 1980s
The 1990s
Summary
The Mazmanian and Sabatier Model: Assessing Family Planning Policy 55
Measuring the Statutory Coherence of Family Planning Statutes
Composite Scores
Conclusion 61
4. Abortion Policy 62
Supreme Court Decisions since Roe v. Wade 62
Recent Federal Developments in Abortion Policy 70
The Executive Branch
The Legislative Branch
Likely Effectiveness of Federal Abortion Policy 75
Precise and Clearly Ranked Legal Objectives
Validity of Causal Theory
Adequate Funding
Hierarchical Integration
Decision Rules of Implementing Agencies
Officials' Commitment to Statutory Objectives
Formal Access by Outsiders
Conclusion 79
5. State Fertility Control Policies 80
Family Planning 80
Use of Different Funding Sources
Implementing Organizations
Eligibility
Range of Clinical Services
Education and Counseling
Parental Involvement
Medicaid Managed Care
Abortion 88
Funding
Parental Involvement
Waiting Periods
Other Restrictions
Explaining the Variation in State Policies 93
Previous Research
General Hypotheses
Dependent Variables
Independent Variables
Findings
Conclusion 104
6. The Outputs of Fertility Control Policies 106
Available Data 106
Family Planning Data
Abortion Data
Statutory Coherence 112
Family Planning
Abortion
Determinants of State Policy Outputs 114
Family Planning Expenditures
Publicly Funded Abortions
Abortion Policy Restrictions 121
Methods
Design
Dependent Variable: State Abortion Rates
A Model of Abortion Determinants
What the States Did
The Impact of These Laws
Parental Involvement
Discussion
Conclusion 129
7. The Impact of Fertility Control Policies 131
Previous Studies of the Effects of Fertility Control Policies 131
Family Planning
Abortion
Fertility Control Funding and Public Health Impacts 133
Dependent Variables
Independent variables
Methods
Findings
Discussion
Impacts from Different Family Planning Policies 141
Mazmanian and Sabatier's Policy Implementation Model
Gramlich's Typology of Intergovernmental Grants
Hypotheses
Dependent Variables
Independent Variables
Methods
Findings
Discussion
Conclusion 149
8. Conclusion 151
Policy Implementation over Time 153
Undermining Policy Implementation
Policy Cycles and Scenarios
Gradual Erosion or Rejuvenation?
Policy Recommendations 160
Don't Count on Abstinence
Promote Contraception
Be Realistic About Abortion
Symbolic Politics: Is There a Way Out? 164
Notes 167
Bibliography 175
Index 191
About the Authors 199
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