The Politics of Genocide: The Holocaust in Hungary / Edition 2

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Overview

The Politics of Genocide: The Holocaust in Hungary, Condensed Edition is an abbreviated version of the classic work first published in 1981 and revised and expanded in 1994. It includes a new historical overview, and retains and sharpens its focus on the persecution of the Jews. Through a meticulous use of Hungarian and many other sources, the book explains in a rational and empirical context the historical, political, communal, and socioeconomic factors that contributed to the unfolding of this tragedy at a time when the leaders of the world, including the national and Jewish leaders of Hungary, were already familiar with the secrets of Auschwitz.

The Politics of Genocide is the most eloquent and comprehensive study ever produced of the Holocaust in Hungary. In this condensed edition, Randolph L. Braham includes the most important revisions of the 1994 second edition as well as new material published since then. Scholars of Holocaust, Slavic, and East-Central European studies will find this volume indispensable.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Braham political science emeritus, CUNY is recognized as "the world's foremost expert on contemporary Hungarian Jewry" Istvan Deak, and the first edition of The Politics of Genocide Columbia U. Press, 1981 was hailed as "a monumental and surely definitive account of the Holocaust in Hungary." John H. Herz Well, maybe not quite definitive, because the second edition is considerably enlarged, updated, and revised. While retaining the original structure, it includes several new sections dealing with the planning and implementation of the Final Solution program in Hungary. It incorporates the results of screening hundreds of thousands of documents in regional and national archives that were previously inaccessible, especially in Hungary, Romania, and the former Soviet Union. Distributed by Columbia U. Press. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR booknews.com
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780814326909
  • Publisher: Wayne State University Press
  • Publication date: 4/28/2000
  • Edition description: CONDENSED
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 328
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Meet the Author

Randolph L. Braham is distinguished professor emeritus of political science at the City College and the Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York, where he serves as a director of the Rosenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies. He is the author of co-editor of forty-two books, including The Nazis’ Last Victims: The Holocaust in Hungary (Wayne State University Press, 1998). His two-volume The Politics of Genocide: The Holocaust in Hungary (Columbia University Press, 1981) was selected for the National Jewish Book Award in 1981.

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Table of Contents

Tables and Maps 11
Preface 13
Source Abbreviations 15
Glossary 17
1 Hungarian Jewry: A Historical Overview
Historical Background 19
2 The Beginning of the End
The Jewish Community before the Holocaust 29
The Era before the German Occupation 30
Roundup and Massacre of the "Alien" Jews 32
The Delvidek Massacres 34
The Labor Service System 37
3 The Road to Destruction
Antecedents of the German Occupation 53
Horthy's Consent to the Delivery of "Jewish Workers" 57
The German Occupation Forces and Authorities 62
The Sztojay Government and Its Agencies 65
4 The Jewish Council and the Awareness of the Final Solution
The Jewish Councils: The Nazi Design 73
The Central Jewish Council of Budapest 74
The Jewish Leadership: An Evaluation 84
Awareness of the Final Solution 87
5 The Final Solution: Phase I
Arrests and Intimidations 99
Demands and Requisitions 100
Isolation and Marketing of the Jews 101
Social and Spiritual "Purification" 103
The Pauperization and Expropriation of the Jews 104
Preparations for the Roundup and Ghettoization of the Jews 110
The Ghettoization, Concentration, and Deportation Master Plan 113
The Ghettoization Decree 114
6 Phase II: Ghettoization, Concentration, Deportation
Zone I: Carpatho-Ruthenia and Northeastern Hungary 117
The "Emergency" Measures in Southern Hungary 121
The Dejewifiers' "Triumphal Tour" 122
Reaction of the Central Jewish Council 123
Internments through the Council 124
Zone II: Northern Transylvania 125
7 Deportation
The Master Plan 133
Zones I and II: Carpatho-Ruthenia, Northeastern Hungary, and Northern Transylvania 137
German Reactions and Camouflage Attempts 138
Hungarian Official Camouflage 139
Zone III: Northern Hungary 140
Zone IV: Southern Hungary East of the Danube 144
The Special Case of the Delvidek and Southwestern Hungary 146
The Strasshof Transports 147
Zone V: Western Hungary 149
Zone VI: Budapest and Its Environs 151
8 The Fate of the Jews of Budapest
Concentration of the Jews of Budapest 155
Establishment of Yellow-Star Houses 155
"Legal" Provisions Relating to the Relocation of the Jews 156
The Separation of the Converts 157
The Halting of the Deportations 158
The Kistarcsa and Sarvar Tragedies 164
The Agony and Hopes of the Budapest Jews: July 7-October 15, 1944 166
Plans for the Employment and Concentration of the Jews 177
9 The Arrow Cross Era
The Szalasi Coup 181
The Nyilas Terror 184
The Systematic Drive against the Jews 185
The Death Marches to Hegyeshalom 187
The "International Ghetto" 189
The Ghetto of Budapest 191
10 Attitudes and Reactions: Domestic
The Jews: Attitudes and Reactions 199
The Jewishv Leaders: The Central Jewish Council 200
The Relief and Rescue Committee 203
The Kasztner Line 209
The Krausz Line 213
Komoly's Line 215
Resistance Efforts 215
The Christians: Attitudes and Reactions 219
The Christian Churches and Their Leaders 221
Hungarian Resistance 224
11 Attitudes and Reactions: International
The Allies 227
The Neutral Countries 233
The Vatican and the Budapest Nunciature 240
The International Red Cross 243
Slovakia 245
Romania 247
12 Crime and Punishment
Losses of Hungarian Jewry 251
Punishment 254
Hungary 256
Romania 259
Yugoslavia 259
West Germany 260
Austria 262
Other Countries 262
Notes 267
Bibliography 303
Index 305
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