Politics of Power: A Critical Introduction to American Government / Edition 6

Politics of Power: A Critical Introduction to American Government / Edition 6

by Ira Katznelson
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0393933253

ISBN-13: 2900393933252

Pub. Date: 08/24/2010

Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.

This text provides a comprehensive description of the American political system, including major political institutions, processes, and policies. Unlike other introductory American politics textbooks, it develops a critical analysis of how American democracy is limited by fundamental inequalities in power and economic resources. The book highlights the connections

Overview

This text provides a comprehensive description of the American political system, including major political institutions, processes, and policies. Unlike other introductory American politics textbooks, it develops a critical analysis of how American democracy is limited by fundamental inequalities in power and economic resources. The book highlights the connections between American politics and the organization of the economy. This fourth edition retains the author's critical perspective, describing American politics during the Clinton presidency and policy changes initiated in the Bush presidency.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900393933252
Publisher:
Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date:
08/24/2010
Edition description:
Sixth Edition
Pages:
392

Table of Contents

List of What Do You Think" Boxes xiii

Preface xv

Chapter 1 Democracy's Challenge 1

Introduction 1

Constitutional Democracy and Capitalism 6

Standards of Democracy 11

Political Change 15

Conclusion 20

Chapter Summary 21

Critical Thinking Questions 22

Suggested Readings 23

Part I American Political Economy 25

Chapter 2 Capitalism and Democracy 28

Introduction 28

The Dilemmas of Markets 29

The System of Corporate Capitalism 33

The Mobilization of Bias 37

The Changing Landscape of American Capitalism 39

Who Owns America's Private Government" 43

The Changing Structure of Employment 45

America's Extreme Market Capitalism 50

Capitalist Instability and Crisis 54

Conclusion 59

Chapter Summary 60

Critical Thinking Questions 62

Suggested Readings 63

Chapter 3 The History of American Political Economy 64

Introduction 64

Competitive Capitalism 67

The Rise of Corporate Capitalism 69

A New Deal 71

The Rise and Fall of the Golden Age 74

The Rise of Extreme Market Capitalism, 1980-2008 76

The Crisis of Extreme Market Capitalism 82

A New Foundation 84

Conclusion 88

Chapter Summary 89

Critical Thinking Questions 91

Suggested Readings 91

Part II Political Participation 93

Chapter 4 Political Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion 95

Introduction 95

The Origins of the Two-Party System 96

American Parties in Comparative Perspective 97

Critical Elections and Party Decay 99

Turnout and American Voters 104

Money and Elections 106

The Rise and Fall of the New Deal and Reagan Coalitions 110

The 2008 Presidential Election and the Challenge to Republican Dominance 115

Polarization and American Politics 121

The New Media and Public Opinion 125

Conclusion 128

Chapter Summary 129

Critical Thinking Questions 132

Suggested Readings 133

Chapter 5 Interest Groups and Social Movements 134

Introduction 134

Interest Groups 138

David and Goliath 141

The Changing Quality of Membership 144

E-Media, Interest Groups, and Political Participation 146

A Comparative Perspective on American Interest Groups 148

Social Movements 150

Conclusion 167

Chapter Summary 167

Critical Thinking Questions 169

Suggested Readings 169

Part III Political Institutions 171

Chapter 6 The Presidency 175

Introduction 175

The Historical Presidency 178

The Imperial President 181

The Perils of Presidential Power 186

Directing the Executive 192

The Exercise of Presidential Power 198

Conclusion 205

Chapter Summary 206

Critical Thinking Questions 209

Suggested Readings 209

Chapter 7 The Congress 210

Introduction 210

The Origin of Two Legislative Chambers 213

Congress: Past and Present 216

Congressional Careers and the Electoral Connection 220

Members of Congress 227

Realignment and Polarization 229

The Legislative Process 233

Seeking Influence 239

Conclusion 242

Chapter Summary 243

Critical Thinking Questions 245

Suggested Readings 245

Chapter 8 The Courts 246

Introduction 246

A Dual Court System 250

The Federal Court System 253

The Supreme Court 259

The Modern Court: From Warren to Roberts 269

Politics by Lawsuit 278

The Courts in Comparative Perspective: Incarceration Nation 280

Conclusion 282

Chapter Summary 283

Critical Thinking Questions 285

Suggested Readings 286

Part IV Public Policy 287

Chapter 9 Economic Policy 289

Introduction 289

The Government and the Economy 289

Fiscal Policy 294

Taxes 296

Spending 300

Monetary Policy 303

Regulation 309

Conclusion 314

Chapter Summary 316

Critical Thinking Questions 317

Suggested Readings 318

Chapter 10 Social Policy 319

Introduction 319

The Historical Welfare State 323

The New Deal and Beyond 325

The New Poverty 330

The Great Society Program 332

From Reagan to Clinton 336

From Bush to Obama 339

Conclusion 345

Chapter Summary 347

Critical Thinking Questions 349

Suggested Readings 349

Chapter 11 Foreign Policy 350

Introduction 350

Making Foreign Policy 352

American Foreign Policy before World War II 353

American Foreign Policy after World War II 355

A New Era of Globalization" 361

The Military Establishment 365

The Shift to Unilateralism 368

The Obama Presidency: Continuity or Change" 373

Declining Hegemony" 374

Conclusion 377

Chapter Summary 378

Critical Thinking Questions 381

Suggested Readings 381

Chapter 12 Democracy's Character and Future 382

Introduction 382

Capitalism, and Democracy Revisited 384

American Democracy in Theory and Practice 388

Conclusion 391

Endnotes E-1

Glossary G-1

Credits C-1

Index I-1

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