The Politics of Survival: Artisans in Twentieth-Century France [NOOK Book]

Overview

In this pioneering work, Zdatny recaptures the experiences of a single group of the middle class: master artisans. Following the Great War there appeared in France a self-described movement of independent craftsmen. The Artisanat, as it was called, proposed to unite all those who joined manual skill with petty property and to organize their defense against the depredations of plutocracy, collective socialism, and industrial concentration. In general, Zdatny argues, the class politics of the Artisanat emerged from...
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The Politics of Survival: Artisans in Twentieth-Century France

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Overview

In this pioneering work, Zdatny recaptures the experiences of a single group of the middle class: master artisans. Following the Great War there appeared in France a self-described movement of independent craftsmen. The Artisanat, as it was called, proposed to unite all those who joined manual skill with petty property and to organize their defense against the depredations of plutocracy, collective socialism, and industrial concentration. In general, Zdatny argues, the class politics of the Artisanat emerged from the insecurity of petty production in an industrializing economy, yet the particulars suggest the critical role of ideology. In the case of artisans this meant praising the virtues of "smallness' while denouncing the soulessnes of industrial society---a twentieth-century version of the "moral economy." It also meant a commitment to democratic forms.

The Politics of Survivalexamines the peculiar mix of spontaneity and state manipulation on the genesis of social class. It questions the conventional wisdom that these "losers of industrialization" comprised the social fodder for fascism and challenges the portrait of Vichy as a regime committed to traditional social polities. While giving substance to the old proposition that the Third Republic was the creature of bourgeois---petits and grands---it documents the creeping corporatism and technocracy of political economy in twentieth-century France.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Will stand for a long time to come as a major landmark in the history of small producers in France."—Journal of Social History

"An extremely well documented study....He traces with exceptional clarity the history of the artisan struggle to survive in an age of increasing industrialization....Zdatny has taken a heretofore unknown quantity in French social and economic history and explained clearly is vicissitudes during the 20th century."—Choice

"This sympathetic account of 'artisans' battle against their own irrelevance' is a welcome blend of social and political history....Zdatny's answers...also offer a worthwhile reassessment of the complex linkages between politics and social class."—Journal of Modern History

"Zdatny's sympathetic and well-written study permits us to understand the artisan and his world and to witness the fate of both in modern France."—American Historical Review

"A very complete story of the problematic definition and elaboration of a collective artisanal strategy....Zdatny's book has the merit of presenting the complex story of the artisanat's spokesmen and institutions."—French Politics & Society

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195363104
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 1/11/1990
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 2 MB

Table of Contents

1. Inventing the Artisanat, 1900-1925 3
2. A Fractious Movement, 1925-1932 34
3. Artisans Face the Crisis, 1932-1936 65
4. Artisans and the Popular Front, 1936-1939 96
5. Vichy: The Broken Promise 128
6. Epilogue: Artisans in the New France 154
7. Conclusion 181
Appendixes 186
A. Charter Of The Artisanat 187
B. Artisanal Manifesto 189
C. Accord General 191
Notes 193
Bibliography 233
Index 247
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