Poltava 1709: The Battle and the Myth

Overview

The Battle of Poltava has long been recognized as a crucial event in the geopolitical history of Europe and a decisive point in the Great Northern War between Sweden and the Russian Empire. The Russian victory at Poltava contributed to the decline of Sweden as a Great Power and was a major setback to Ukrainian independence. Hetman Ivan Mazepa, who joined forces with the Swedish king Charles XII against Tsar Peter I, remains a controversial figure even today.

In 2009, the Harvard...

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Overview

The Battle of Poltava has long been recognized as a crucial event in the geopolitical history of Europe and a decisive point in the Great Northern War between Sweden and the Russian Empire. The Russian victory at Poltava contributed to the decline of Sweden as a Great Power and was a major setback to Ukrainian independence. Hetman Ivan Mazepa, who joined forces with the Swedish king Charles XII against Tsar Peter I, remains a controversial figure even today.

In 2009, the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute gathered scholars from around the globe and from many fields of study—history, military affairs, philology, linguistics, literature, art history, music—to mark the 300th anniversary of the battle. This book is a collection of their papers on such topics as the international, Russian, and Ukrainian contexts of the battle; Mazepa in European culture; the language and literature of the period; art and architecture; history and memory; and fact, fiction, and the literary imagination. Mazepa himself is the focus of many of the articles—a hero to Ukrainians but a treacherous figure to Russians. This book provides a fresh look at this watershed event and sheds new light on the legacies of the battle’s major players.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781932650099
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • Publication date: 8/27/2012
  • Series: Harvard Papers in Ukrainian Studies Series , #10
  • Pages: 722
  • Sales rank: 1,108,048
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Serhii Plokhy is Mykhailo Hrushevsky Professor of Ukrainian History at Harvard University.

Liliya Berezhnaya is a research fellow at the Cluster of Excellence "Religion and Politics" at the University of Münster.

Michael S. Flier is Oleksandr Potebnja Professor of Ukrainian Philology in the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures at Harvard University.

George G. Grabowicz is Dmytro Cyzevs'kyj Professor of Ukrainian Literature in the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, Harvard University.

Ksenya Kiebuzinski is Petro Jacyk Bibliographer in Ukrainian Studies, Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute.

Zenon E. Kohut is Director of the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, University of Alberta.

Donald Ostrowski is lecturer at the Extension School, Harvard University.

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Table of Contents

Contributors ix

Poltava: The Battle That Never Ends Serhii Plokhy xiii

I The Road to Poltava

Mazepa's Ukraine: Understanding Cossack Territorial Vistas Zenon E. Kohut 1

Peter I's Administrative Reforms in the Hetmanate during the Northern War Tatiana Tairova-Iakovleva 29

The Rape of Baturyn: The Archaeological Evidence Volodymyr Kovalenko 37

II The Battle and Its Aftermath

Peter's Dragoons: How the Russians Won at Poltava Donald Ostrowski 81

Gazing Anew at Poltava: Perspectives from the Military Revolution Controversy, Comparative History, and Decision-Making Doctrines Peter B. Brown 107

Poltava's Consequences: Local Autonomy in the Russian Empire during the Reign of Peter I Paul Bushkovitch 135

"Everyone understood what it meant": The Impact of the Battle of Poltava on the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Robert I. Frost 159

Poltava and the Geopolitics of Western Eurasia John LeDonne 177

III The Making of the Myth

The Battle of Poltava in Russian Historical Memory Alexander Kamenskii 195

Poltava: A Turning Point in the History of Preaching Giovanna Brogi Bercoff 205

The Battle of Poltava in Imperial Liturgy Nadieszda Kizenko 227

Claiming and Acclaiming Peter I: Ukrainian Contributions to the Visual Commemoration of Petrine Victories Elena N. Boeck 271

Imago hostis: Friends and Foes in Ruthenian and Russian Printmaking (Mid-Seventeenth-Beginning of the Eighteenth Centuries) Liliya Berezhnaya 309

The Grand Battle Woven in the Grande Manière: Commemorating the Battle of Poltava in Tapestry Tatiana Senkevitch 355

IV Grappling with Mazepa

A Linguistic Analysis of Ivan Mazepa's Universals and Letters Michael A. Moser 391

Love's Labour's Lost: Mazepa's Grammar of Romance Michael S. Flier 413

Mazepa's Palace in Baturyn: Western and Ukrainian Baroque Architecture and Decoration Volodymyr Mezentsev 433

The Encrypted Narrative of Reconstructed Cossack Baroque Forms Olenka Z. Pevny 471

Echoes of Poltava: Trials of Mazepists and Mazepism in Eighteenth-Century Ukraine Andrii Bovgyria 521

"Mylost' Bozhiia, Ukraynu…svobodyvshaia…" and Ukrainian Literature after (and before) Poltava: The Missing Link George G. Grabowicz 535

Forbidden Love: Ivan Mazepa and the Author of the History of the Rus' Serhii Plokhy 553

Obsessions with Mazepa Taras Koznarsky 569

Mazepa and Poltava in German-Language Literature of the Nineteenth Century Alois Woldan 617

The (Re)Fashioning of an Archetype of Genius: Ivan Mazepa in Nineteenth-Century French Literature and Art Ksenya Kiebuzinski 633

V A Never-Ending Past

Poltava 2009: Deimperializing an Imperial Site of Memory Guido Hausmann 657

The Battle of Poltava as a Realm of Memory and a Bone of Contention Kristian Gerner 679

Index 695

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