Polymer Biocatalysis and Biomaterials

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Biocatalysis means the use of enzymes or living organisms to carry out chemical or polymer reactions. It is currently a hot research topic with many academic, industrial, and government laboratories doing basic and applied R&D. In polymer science this field is rapidly growing, and many new reactions and new biocatalysts are being discovered and applied.

Likewise, biomaterials comprise an equally exciting field of research that finds many applications in dental, surgical, and medical areas. Both fields are highly interdisciplinary, requiring (at various times) knowledge and expertise in organic and polymer chemistry, material science, biochemistry, molecular biology, and chemical engineering.

This symposium volume provides state-of-the-art reviews of these exciting fields as well as original research papers. The editors and the authors are all experts and active practitioners of polymer biocatalysis and biomaterials. They include academic, industrial, and government scientists who have brought different expertise and perspectives to these fields. Together, they have provided a most useful book that contains up-to-date developments in fundamental research and industrial R&D efforts.

This book will be useful to organic chemists, polymer chemists, material scientists, biochemists, and chemical engineers who desire to learn more about this field. It will be a useful reference book and also suitable either for self-study or as a textbook for an upper level undergraduate or a graduate level course.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780841239173
  • Publisher: American Chemical Society
  • Publication date: 3/17/2005
  • Series: ACS Symposium Series , #900
  • Pages: 480
  • Product dimensions: 9.10 (w) x 6.30 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Hercules Incorporated Research Center

Polytechnic University

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Table of Contents

1 Polymer biocatalysis and biomaterials 1
2 Biotechnology : key to developing sustainable technology for the 21[superscript st] century : illustrated in three case studies 14
3 Empirical biocatalyst engineering : escaping the tyranny of high-throughput screening 37
4 [superscript 1]H NMR for high-throughput screening to identify novel enzyme activity 51
5 Enzyme immobilization onto ultrahigh specific surface cellulose fibers via amphiphilic (PEG) spacers and electrolyte (PAA) grafts 63
6 Nondestructive regioselective modification of laccase by linear-dendritic copolymers : enhanced oxidation of benzo-[alpha]-pyrene in water 80
7 Functional hydrogel-biomineral composites inspired by natural bone 96
8 Biomimetic approach to biomaterials : amino acid-residue-specific enzymes for protein grafting and cross-linking 107
9 Biodegradable films from pectin-starch and pectin-poly(vinyl alcohol) 119
10 Synthesis of zein derivatives and their mechanical properties 141
11 Protein mediated bioinspired mineralization 150
12 Biocatalysis of siloxane bonds 164
13 "Sweet silicones" : biocatalytic reactions to form organosilicon carbohydrate macromers 182
14 Enzymatic synthesis of complex bacterial carbohydrate polymers 192
15 Enzymatic polymerization : in vitro synthesis of glycosaminoglycans and their derivatives 217
16 Sugar polymer engineering with glycosaminoglycan synthase enzymes : 5 to 5,000 sugars and a dozen flavors 232
17 Enzyme-catalyzed regioselective modification of starch nanoparticles 246
18 Reactions of enzymes with non-substrate polymers 267
19 Preparation, properties, and utilization of biobased biodegradable Nodax copolymers 280
20 Novel synthesis routes for polyhydroxyalkanoic acids with unique properties 292
21 Kymene G3-X wet-strength resin : enzymatic treatment during microbial dehalogenation 302
22 Lipase catalyzed polyesterifications 318
23 Versatile route to polyol polyesters by lipase catalysis 327
24 Biocompatibility of sorbitol-containing polyesters : synthesis, surface analysis, and cell response in vitro 343
25 Enzyme-catalyzed synthesis of hyperbranched aliphatic polyesters 354
26 Enantioenriched substituted polycaprolactones by enzyme catalysis 366
27 Enzymatic ring opening polymerization of [epsilon]-caprolactone in supercritical CO[subscript 2] 393
28 Synergies between lipase and chemical polymerization catalyst 405
29 Polymers from sugars : chemoenzymatic synthesis and polymerization of vinylethylglucoside 420
30 Enzyme-catalyzed condensation reactions for polymer modifications 427
Epilogue : a rhyme on enzymes 437
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