Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability / Edition 1

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability / Edition 1

by Felix N. B?chi, Minoru Inaba, Thomas J. Schmidt
     
 

ISBN-10: 0387855343

ISBN-13: 9780387855349

Pub. Date: 01/02/2009

Publisher: Springer New York

This book will cover one of the most important aspects of fuel cell research and development, fuel cell durability. The rather broad topic of fuel cell durability will be covered from different viewpoints. First, the durability and degradation issues of catalyst materials (both anode and cathode catalysts) will be described in individual contributions as well as

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Overview

This book will cover one of the most important aspects of fuel cell research and development, fuel cell durability. The rather broad topic of fuel cell durability will be covered from different viewpoints. First, the durability and degradation issues of catalyst materials (both anode and cathode catalysts) will be described in individual contributions as well as stability aspects from carbon support materials. A following chapter is completely dedicated to important topics from membrane materials, i.e., chemical and physical degradation as well durability from newly developed hydrocarbon membranes. After discussion of stability and durability topics from gas diffusion layer materials and bipolar plate materials, a large part of the book will cover various aspects from membrane electrode assemblies, i.e., low and high temperature MEAs as well as DMFC MEAs. Since MEA Cost and Durability are heavily linked, this topic will be discussed one contribution. In the consecutive chapter on MEA and stack operation, the impact of contaminants (e.g. in the gas streams or water for humidification) on MEA and stack lifetime will be described. Furthermore, some information will be given on reliability and predictive testing of MEAs and stacks.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780387855349
Publisher:
Springer New York
Publication date:
01/02/2009
Edition description:
2009
Pages:
510
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Stack Components.- Dissolution and Stabilization of Platinum in Oxygen Cathodes.- Carbon-Support Requirements for Highly Durable Fuel Cell Operation.- Chemical Degradation of Perfluorinated Sulfonic Acid Membranes.- Chemical Degradation: Correlations Between Electrolyzer and Fuel Cell Findings.- Improvement of Membrane and Membrane Electrode Assembly Durability.- Durability of Radiation-Grafted Fuel Cell Membranes.- Durability Aspects of Gas-Diffusion and Microporous Layers.- High-Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells: Durability Insights.- Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Durability.- Influence of Metallic Bipolar Plates on the Durability of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells.- Durability of Graphite Composite Bipolar Plates.- Gaskets: Important Durability Issues.- Cells and Stack Operation.- Air Impurities.- Impurity Effects on Electrode Reactions in Fuel Cells.- Performance and Durability of a Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Operating with Reformate: Effects of CO, CO2, and Other Trace Impurities.- Subfreezing Phenomena in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells.- Application of Accelerated Testing and Statistical Lifetime Modeling to Membrane Electrode Assembly Development.- Operating Requirements for Durable Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell Stacks.- Design Requirements for Bipolar Plates and Stack Hardware for Durable Operation.- Heterogeneous Cell Ageing in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Stacks.- System Perspectives.- Degradation Factors of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells in Residential Cogeneration Systems.- Fuel Cell Stack Durability for Vehicle Application.- R&D Status.- Durability Targets for Stationary and Automotive Applications in Japan.

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