Polymer Melt Processing: Foundations in Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer

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Overview

Most of the shaping in the manufacture of polymeric objects is carried out in the melt state, as it is a substantial part of the physical property development. Melt processing involves an interplay between fluid mechanics and heat transfer in rheologically complex liquids, and taken as a whole it is a nice example of the importance of coupled transport processes. This book is on the underlying foundations of polymer melt processing, which can be derived from relatively straightforward ideas in fluid mechanics and heat transfer; the level is that of an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate course, and the material can serve as the text for a course in polymer processing or for a second course in transport processes.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"There are many aspects of this book to commend. The first is that it does not minimize the difficulties of the subject, yet manages to chart a course that builds on what a chemical engineering senior or graduate student can reasonably expect to find familiar up to the point where the difficulties of the subject can be properly grasped… The last three chapters are the densest; for me they were the most instructive and thought-provoking. They convinced me that progress is being made in modeling and tackling the unacceptable unsteadiness and non-uniformity observed in many current processes… I can justly end by urging every research worker in polymer processing to have a copy to hand on their shelves."
J.R.A. Pearson, Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics

'… a pedagogical masterpiece … It is highly recommended to all graduate students and researchers in polymer processing. It would also be useful to be read by process engineers working in industry, who are frequently confused and bewildered by the avalanche of equations found in the literature, which is mostly written by academics.' International Polymer Processing

'I highly recommend this book. It can be used as a textbook for a course in polymer processing for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students as well as a reference book for engineers and scientists who are interested in polymer processing. All readers will find it easy to read, interesting, authoritative, thoughtful and instructive.' AIChE Journal

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Morton M. Denn is the Albert Einstein Professor and Director of the Benjamin Levich Institute for Physico-Chemical Hydrodynamics at the City College of New York, CUNY. Prior to joining CCNY in 1999, he was Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, where he served as Department Chair, as well as Program Leader in the Materials Sciences Division of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. He previously taught chemical engineering at the University of Delaware, where he was the Allan P. Colburn Professor. Professor Denn was Editor of AIChE Journal from 1985 to 1991 and Editor of the Journal of Rheology from 1995 to 2005. He is the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship; a Fulbright Lectureship; the Professional Progress, William H. Walker, Warren K. Lewis, and Institute Lectureship Awards of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers; the Chemical Engineering Lectureship of the American Society for Engineering Education; and the Bingham Medal and Distinguished Service Awards of the Society of Rheology. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and he received an honorary D.Sc. from the University of Minnesota. His previous books are Optimization by Variational Methods, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Analysis (as co-author), Stability of Reaction and Transport Processes, Process Fluid Mechanics, and Process Modeling.

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Table of Contents

1 Polymer Processing 1

2 Fundamentals 18

3 Extrusion 37

4 Temperature and Pressure Effects in Flow 56

5 The Thin Gap Approximation 65

6 Quasi-Steady Analysis of Mold Filling 72

7 Fiber Spinning 83

8 Numerical Simulation 109

9 Polymer Melt Rheology 126

10 Viscoelasticity in Processing Flows 153

11 Stability and Sensitivity 175

12 Wall Slip and Extrusion Instabilities 199

13 Structured Fluids 217

14 Mixing and Dispersion 231

Author Index 241

Subject Index 245

Color insert follows page 86

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