Polytomous Item Response Theory Models / Edition 1

Polytomous Item Response Theory Models / Edition 1

by Remo Ostini, Michael L. Nering
     
 

ISBN-10: 076193068X

ISBN-13: 9780761930686

Pub. Date: 08/28/2005

Publisher: SAGE Publications

Polytomous Item Response Theory Models provides a unified, comprehensive introduction to the range of polytomous models available within item response theory (IRT).It begins by outlining the primary structural distinction between the two major types of polytomous IRT models.This focuses on the two types of response probability that are unique to polytomous models

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Overview

Polytomous Item Response Theory Models provides a unified, comprehensive introduction to the range of polytomous models available within item response theory (IRT).It begins by outlining the primary structural distinction between the two major types of polytomous IRT models.This focuses on the two types of response probability that are unique to polytomous models and their associated response functions, which are modeled differently by the different types of IRT model.Itdescribes, both conceptually and mathematically, the major specific polytomous models, including the Nominal Response Model, the Partial Credit Model, the Rating Scale model, and the Graded Response Model.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780761930686
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication date:
08/28/2005
Series:
Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences Series, #144
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
120
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Series Editor's Introduction
Acknowledgments
1. Introduction
Measurement Theory
Item Response Theory
Applying the IRT Model
Reasons for Using Polytomous IRT Models
Polytomous IRT Models
Two Types of Probabilities
Two Types of Polytomous Models
Category Boundaries
Item Category Response Functions
2. Nominal Response Model
The Mathematical Model
Information
Relationship to Other IRT Models
Variations
A Practical Example
3. Polytomous Rasch Models
Partial Credit Model
Category Steps
The Mathematical Model
Information
Relationship to Other IRT Models
Variations
PCM Summary
Rating Scale Model
The Mathematical Model
Model Parameters
Sufficient Statistics and Other Considerations
Information
Expected Values and Response Functions
Response Functions and Information
Relationship to Other IRT Models
PCM Scoring Function Formulation and the NRM
Variations
Generalized Partial Credit Model
Discrimination and Polytomous Rasch Models
Summary of Polytomous Rasch Models
Three Practical Examples
4. Samejima Models
Framework
From Response Process to Specific Model
The Homogeneous Case: Graded Response Models
The Mathematical Model
Information
Information for Polytomous Models
Relationship to Other IRT Models
From Homogeneous Class to Heterogeneous Class and Back
A Common Misconception
Variations
Summary of Samejima Models
Potential Weaknesses of the Cumulative Boundary Approach
Possible Strengths of the Cumulative Boundary Approach
A Practical Example
5. Model Selection
General Criteria
Mathematical Approaches
Fit Statistic Problems
An Example
Differences in Modeled Outcome
Conclusion
Acronyms and Glossary
Notes
References
Index
About the Authors

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