Poor People's Medicine: Medicaid and American Charity Care since 1965 / Edition 1

Poor People's Medicine: Medicaid and American Charity Care since 1965 / Edition 1

by Jonathan Engel
     
 


Poor People’s Medicine is a detailed history of Medicaid since its beginning in 1965. Federally aided and state-operated, Medicaid is the single most important source of medical care for the poorest citizens of the United States. From acute hospitalization to long-term nursing-home care, the nation’s Medicaid programs pay virtually the entireSee more details below

Overview


Poor People’s Medicine is a detailed history of Medicaid since its beginning in 1965. Federally aided and state-operated, Medicaid is the single most important source of medical care for the poorest citizens of the United States. From acute hospitalization to long-term nursing-home care, the nation’s Medicaid programs pay virtually the entire cost of physician treatment, medical equipment, and prescription pharmaceuticals for the millions of Americans who fall within government-mandated eligibility guidelines. The product of four decades of contention over the role of government in the provision of health care, some of today’s Medicaid programs are equal to private health plans in offering coordinated, high-quality medical care, while others offer little more than bare-bones coverage to their impoverished beneficiaries.

Starting with a brief overview of the history of charity medical care, Jonathan Engel presents the debates surrounding Medicaid’s creation and the compromises struck to allow federal funding of the nascent programs. He traces the development of Medicaid through the decades, as various states attempted to both enlarge the programs and more finely tailor them to their intended targets. At the same time, he describes how these new programs affected existing institutions and initiatives such as public hospitals, community clinics, and private pro bono clinical efforts. Along the way, Engel recounts the many political battles waged over Medicaid, particularly in relation to larger discussions about comprehensive health care and social welfare reform. Poor People’s Medicine is an invaluable resource for understanding the evolution and present state of programs to deliver health care to America’s poor.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822336952
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
02/28/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
344
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

1. Antecedents: Poverty and Early Poverty Care Programs 1

2. Precursors to Medicare and Medicaid 28

3. War on Poverty and the Genesis of Medicaid 44

4. Hard-to-Reach Groups 69

5. Redefining Health 92

6. Charity Care and Comprehensive Reform under Nixon 107

7. Health Planning and Community Medicine in the 1970’s 123

8. Health and Welfare Reform in the Carter White House 144

9. Block Grants and the New Federalism 163

10. Recovering the Cuts, Managed Care, and Comprehensive Bill 184

11. Managed Medicaid, AIDS, and the Clinton Health Bill 209

12. Afterword 244

Notes 253

Bibliography 289

Index 303

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