Pope Gregory VII, 1073-1085

Overview


The reign of Pope Gregory VII (1073-85) is critically important in the history of the medieval Church and Papacy. This original and authoritative study, the first for over fifty years, records the remarkable career of the Pope who started life as a humble clerk of the Roman church, gave his name to the Gregorian Reforms, and finally died in exile at Salerno. His reign prepared the way for an age of strong papal monarchy throughout medieval Europe.
...
See more details below
Hardcover
$254.54
BN.com price
(Save 9%)$280.00 List Price
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (2) from $263.04   
  • New (2) from $263.04   
Sending request ...

Overview


The reign of Pope Gregory VII (1073-85) is critically important in the history of the medieval Church and Papacy. This original and authoritative study, the first for over fifty years, records the remarkable career of the Pope who started life as a humble clerk of the Roman church, gave his name to the Gregorian Reforms, and finally died in exile at Salerno. His reign prepared the way for an age of strong papal monarchy throughout medieval Europe.
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"This book should be applauded by students and scholars alike and is a welcome addition to the renewed scholarly attention given to Gregory's life and times in recent years."--Speculum

"[Pope Gregory VII, 1073-1085] is the culmination of a life's work, and in my view it is a masterpiece."--Times Literary Supplement

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780198206460
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 8/28/1998
  • Pages: 760
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 6.30 (h) x 1.70 (d)

Meet the Author

St. Edmund Hall, Oxford
Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
The City of Rome 1
The Lands of St. Peter 2
The Roman Families 4
The Government of Rome 8
The Roman Church 10
Roman Monasteries 16
The Image of Rome 18
The Crisis at Rome, 1044-9 21
The Young Hildebrand 27
Hildebrand as Archdeacon 37
Hildebrand Becomes Archdeacon 37
Peter Damiani and Hildebrand 39
Hildebrand under Pope Nicholas II 43
The Cadalan Schism 49
Hildebrand and Rome 54
Hildebrand and the Regions of Europe 58
Hildebrand and North Italian Reform Movements 65
Hildebrand's Election to the Papacy 71
Background 75
Ottonian and Early Salian Kingship 76
King Henry IV's Minority and Early Years 80
1073-5 89
The Saxon War 89
1073: The Quest for Concord between Sacerdotium and Regnum 91
1074: A Vision of Success 96
1075: The Continuance of Hope 100
1073-5: The Recalcitrance of the German Bishops 110
1075: Gregory VII's Attempts at Conciliation 120
From Worms to Canossa 129
Henry IV's Breach with Gregory VII 129
Gregory VII's Lent Synod, 1076 140
The Erosion of Henry IV's Position 142
Tribur-Oppenheim 150
The Way to Canossa 153
The Significance of Canossa 158
From Forchheim to the Second Excommunication of Henry IV 167
The Assembly at Forchheim 167
The Sequel to Forchheim in Germany 171
The Response of Henry IV 175
Gregory VII at Rome, 1077-8 179
The German Reaction to Gregory VII's Plans in 1078 up to the Battle of Mellrichstadt 182
Gregory VII and Germany in the Winter of 1078-9 183
The Eclipse of Hopes for a German Assembly 188
Gregory VII's Lent Synod of 1080 and the Second Excommunication of Henry IV 194
Gregory VII and Henry IV, 1080-5 199
The Sequel in Germany to the Second Excommunication of Henry IV 199
The Synod of Brixen 201
Gregory's VII's Response to the Synod of Brixen 204
The Battle on the Elster 206
Henry IV's First Expedition to Italy 208
The Propaganda Debate in Germany and the Election of an Anti-King 215
Henry IV's Second Expedition to Italy 218
Gregory VII and Henry IV at Rome in 1083 221
Henry IV's Capture of Rome and the Setting up of the Anti-Pope Clement III 227
The Final Stages in Italy 229
The Final Stages in Germany: Debate 232
The Final Stages in Germany: Confrontation 238
Gregory VII and the German Church 242
The Campaign against Simony and Clerical Unchastity 242
Bishop Altmann of Passau and the Canonical Life 249
Hirsau and German Monasticism 253
Bernold of St. Blasien and the Propagation of Gregory VII's Aims 265
The Kingdom of Italy 272
Central Italy 273
Lombardy 280
Aquileia, Grado, and Venice 290
Tuscany 296
Romagna and Emilia 308
The Church and City of Rome 314
Gregory VII and the French Laity 334
The King 334
Lay Magnates 340
Gregory VII and the French Church and Clergy 348
The Hearing of French Churchmen at Rome 348
Gregory VII's Use of Legates 355
Primates and Metropolitans 375
Gregory VII's Objectives in France 398
The Extirpation of Simony 398
The Question of Lay Investiture 403
The Problem of Free Elections 407
The Enforcement of Clerical Chastity 410
Peace and the Defence of the Unprotected 413
South Italy and Sicily 425
The North-East Adriatic 439
Hungary 443
Bohemia 448
Poland 451
Russia 452
The Scandinavian Kingdoms and Iceland 454
The Anglo-Norman Kingdom 459
Ireland 467
Christian Spain 468
The Byzantine Church and Empire 481
The Armenian Church 487
Islam 489
The Berengarian Controversy 496
The Dictatus Papae 502
Gregory VII's Roman Synods of 1078-80 507
The Sources of Christian Authority 514
The Authority of the Papacy 520
The Religious Outlook of Gregory VII 529
The Liberty of the Church 536
Free Elections 539
Simony 543
Lay Investiture 546
Clerical Chastity 550
Gregory VII's Demands upon Christians 554
Charity 554
Obedience 555
Humility 558
Righteousness 559
Mercy 560
Loyalty 563
Gregory VII's Principal Concerns as Pope 564
The Proclamation of the Gospel 565
The Implementation of Righteousness 570
The Power of the Keys 572
The Promotion of Peace and Concord 576
The Roman Church 584
Roman Synods 586
Papal Legates 592
Primates and Metropolitans 596
Bishops 605
Rome and the Church Universal 606
Gregory VII's View of the Relationship between Sacerdotium and Imperium / Regnum 608
The Government of Kings and Princes 618
The Regna of Europe 629
Emperors 633
The Bonds of Loyalty and Service 638
Kings, Knights, and Warfare 650
Gregory VII and the Protection of Monasteries 659
Gregory VII's Expectations of Monasticism 662
Montecassino and Cluny 667
Gregory VII and Conversion to the Monastic Life 673
The Last Months at Salerno 677
The Final Testament 678
Bibliography 699
Index 739
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)