Population Ecology: First Principles

Population Ecology: First Principles

by John H. Vandermeer, Deborah E. Goldberg
     
 

"Population ecology is rapidly maturing as a theoretical science. One sign of this maturity is the ongoing synthesis between sophisticated mathematical theory and innovative experimental approaches. Yet the traditional education in biology does not equip students with the tools they need to fully appreciate these new theoretical developments. Here is where this

See more details below

Overview

"Population ecology is rapidly maturing as a theoretical science. One sign of this maturity is the ongoing synthesis between sophisticated mathematical theory and innovative experimental approaches. Yet the traditional education in biology does not equip students with the tools they need to fully appreciate these new theoretical developments. Here is where this admirable book by Vandermeer and Goldberg comes in. A particularly enjoyable aspect of Population Ecology: First Principles is the ability of the authors to relate the complex tapestry of ecological theory to a few fundamental quantitative principles."--Peter Turchin, University of Connecticut

"Vandermeer and Goldberg have written an outstanding book that synthesizes and summarizes the fundamental concepts and principles of population ecology. Its highly approachable treatment of models should give students deep and intuitive insights into population ecology. Because the mathematical techniques presented in the book represent the core toolbox of the discipline, this book is essential reading for anyone going into population and community ecology."--David Tilman, University of Minnesota

"This is an excellent book that I look forward to using in the classroom. It is one of the most understandable in the field. The authors present, in more tractable fashion than do some similar books, fundamental material that all ecologists need. Anyone in the life sciences should immediately recognize the importance of the material. Scholars in economics and the social sciences should also see that the book is very relevant to their disciplines."--David J. Moriarty, California State Polytechnic University

"One of this book's greatest strengths is the way it emphasizes the processes underlying standard ecological models. Rather than relying on plausibility arguments, the authors start from simple mechanistic models--for instance, deriving the Lotka-Volterra competition equations from a model of resource competition. They also present a nice range of practical examples."--Ben Bolker, University of Florida

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691114408
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
03/24/2003
Pages:
296
Product dimensions:
6.36(w) x 9.66(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures xi
List of Tables xvii
Preface xix
CHAPTER 1: Elementary Population Dynamics 1
Density Independence: The Exponential Equation 3
Density Dependence: Intraspecific Competition 10
The Logistic Equation 14
The Yield-Density Relationship 21
Density Dependence and Mortality: Thinning Laws 26
CHAPTER 2: Life History Analysis 35
Investment in Survivorship versus Reproduction: The r, K Continuum 37
Cost of Reproduction 41
Optimal Reproductive Schedules 44
CHAPTER 3: Projection Matrices: Structured Models 51
Elementary Population Projection Matrices 52
Non-age Structure: Stage Projection Matrices 62
Eigenvectors, Reproductive Value, Sensitivity, and Elasticity 69
Applications of Population Projection Matrices 73
The Dall's Mountain Sheep: A Static Life Table 74
Palo de Mayo: A Dynamic Life Table 75
The American Beech: Testing Hypotheses with Dynamic Life Tables 77
Density Dependence in Structured Populations 80
Density Dependence in a Simple Age-Structured Model 81
Density Dependence in Size-Distributed Populations 84
Density Dependence in a Stage-Structured Model 92
Appendix A. Basic Matrix Manipulations 94
CHAPTER 4: A Closer Look at the "Dynamics" in Population Dynamics 101
Intuitive Ideas of Equilibrium and Stability 103
Eigenvalues: A Key Concept in Dynamic Analysis 114
Basic Concepts of Equilibrium and Stability in One-Dimensional Maps 120
The One-Dimensional Map 121
Stability and Equilibrium in the Logistic Map 130
Basins of Attraction in the Logistic Map 133
Structural Stability 135
Bifurcation Diagrams 142
Concluding Remarks 149
CHAPTER 5: Patterns in Space and Metapopulations 155
The Poisson Distribution 158
The Question of Scale 163
Metapopulations 167
Assumptions of Metapopulation Models 171
The Rescue Effect and Propagule Rain 173
CHAPTER 6: Predator-Prey (Consumer-Resource) Interactions 177
Predator-Prey Interactions: First Principles 179
Density Dependence 185
Functional Response 186
Functional Response and Density Dependence Together 193
Paradoxes in Applications of Predator-Prey Theory 195
Predator-Prey Dynamics: A Graphical Approach 198
Predator-Prey Interactions in Discrete Time 205
CHAPTER 7: Epidemiology 209
Direct Disease Transmission 210
Indirect Disease Transmission 217
CHAPTER 8: Competition and a Little Bit of Mutualism 221
Competition: First Principles 222
The Competitive Production Principle: Applications of Competition Theory to Agriculture 234
Mutualism 235
Competition: The Details 240
CHAPTER 9: What This Book Was About 255
Glossary 261
References 265
Index 273

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >