Population Health: Concepts and Methods / Edition 2

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Overview


Population health encompasses traditional public health and preventive medicine but emphasizes the full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach integrates the social and biological, the quantitative and qualitative, recognizing the importance of social and cultural factors in practice and research.
This text is organized around the logical sequence of studying and attempting to improve the health of populations; measuring health status and disease burden, identifying and modeling health determinants, assessing health risks and inferring causation, designing research studies, planning interventions, and evaluating health programs. The second edition incorporates many new topics that reflect changes in contemporary public health concerns and our response to them; as well as shifts in research directions. These include lifecourse approaches to health, gene-environment interactions, emergent infections, and bioterrorism. Among the specific changes are new or expanded discussions of confidence intervals for commonly used rates, the impact of population aging on mortality trends, health survey questionnaires, summary measures of population health, the new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, migrant studies, race and ethinicity, psychoneuroendocrine pathways, social epidemiology, risk perception, communicating the SARS epidemic, ecologic studies, the odds radio, paticipatory research, suicide, evidence-based community interventions, evaluation methods and health economics, the Cochrane Collaboration, and systemic reviews.
The many positive features of the first edition have been retained, such as the extensive use of boxes, case studies, and exercises; the selection of examples representing a variety of health problems, geographic regions, and historical periods; and a multidisciplinary orientation bridging the quantitative and qualitative, the social and biomedical sciences. The book aims to spark a new kind of broad-based training for researchers and practitioners of population health.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"This book contains important hooks in the sense of historical precedents and interesting case studies, as well as paper and pencil exercises that promote calculation skills." --Doody's

"...an impressive volume, one that guides readers through the complexities of population-health theory and practice using clear, accessible language and modeling exemplary scholarship."--American Journal of Human Biology

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: J. Thomas Pierce, MBBS PhD(Navy Environmental Health Center)
Description: In this book, population health is described as encompassing traditional public health and preventive medicine. It also emphasizes a full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach integrates factors social and biological, those quantitative and qualitative, recognizing the importance of social and cultural factors in practice and research.
Purpose: In keeping with its first edition in 1988, many positive features of the original have been retained, including extensive use of boxes, case studies and exercises; the selection of examples representing a variety of health problems, geographic regions, and historical periods; and a multidisciplinary orientation bridging the quantitative and qualitative, the social and biomedical sciences. The book originated with lecture notes but with the first edition, and more so this time, it goes far beyond course requirements.
Audience: It is somewhat difficult to estimate the audience for this book. Given it reads somewhat like an excellent set of lecture notes, I believe it will be widely employed. The author seems to have mastered the art of inserting critical references to historical figures such as Rudolf Virchow, Rene Dubos, and John Snow, along with critical lists of public health accomplishments.
Features: For North American readers, it will be refreshing to see many examples of suitable approaches to problem-solving illustrated along both sides of the Canadian border, along with other useful examples from around the globe. The second edition contains nine chapters, about half speaking to measurement, modeling, and assessment of health criteria, the balance directed at design, planning, evaluation, and health improvement. There are about 25 case studies, addressing important epidemiological findings from the Broad Street Pump to SARS and water fluoridation. Each chapter also contains extensive notes and exercises (along with answers).
Assessment: The author does not fear comparison with other references since other major textbooks and sources of epidemiologic information are fairly listed in the Introduction. This book contains important hooks in the sense of historical precedents and interesting case studies, as well as paper and pencil exercises that promote calculation skills.
Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Bernard J. Turnock, MD, MPH (University of Illinois at Chicago)
Description: This book advances the concept of population health by presenting concepts and techniques for measuring and improving the health of populations.
Purpose: In order to provide a practical foundation for public health practice, this work seeks to integrate basic concepts drawn from epidemiology, biostatistics, health administration, and community and behavioral health sciences.
Audience: The result is an introductory text that will be equally appreciated by public health students at the graduate level and by practitioners seeking to enhance their quantitative skills. Both audiences are well served by this book, and even more advanced readers will find the author's notes responsive to their needs as well.
Features: Four basic reasons for studying the health of populations guide the book's contents: describing; explaining; predicting; and controlling. These themes are presented through enlightening narrative and practical applications, as well as ample examples, case studies, exercises, and discussion questions. This work also presents topics related to measuring health and disease, modeling determinants, assessing health needs, designing studies, and planning and evaluating interventions. The most unique feature rests in the focus on the health of populations and an emphasis on practical epidemiology.
Assessment: This text fills a significant need for public health students and practitioners alike. Important and useful epidemiological concepts are brought to life through the organization of this book and its many practical examples and exercises. In accomplishing its primary purpose, this book brings epidemiology to life while arming current and future public health professionals with tools and skills to measure and improve the health of populations.

5 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195158540
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 9/23/2004
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 403
  • Sales rank: 294,671
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 6.40 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

T. Kue Young, MD, FRCPC, D.Phil., is Professor of Community Health Sciences at the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Manitoba, Canada.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (I)
3. Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (II)
4. Modeling Determinants of Population Health
5. Assessing Health Risks in Populations
6. Designing Population Health Studies
7. Planning Population Health Interventions
8. Evaluation of Health Programs for Populations
9. Improving Health of Populations

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