Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World

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Does rapid population growth diminish countries' economic development prospects? Do policies aimed at reducing high fertility help families escape poverty? These questions have been at the heart of policy debates since the time of Malthus, and have been particularly heated during the last half-century of explosive Third World population growth. In this carefully constructed collection of recent studies and analyses, the authors offer a nuanced, yet clear and positive answer to these questions—-a refreshing step forward from the ambiguous conclusions of much of the literature of the 1970s and 1980s.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Edited by three leading scholars in economic demography (Nancy Birdsall, Allen Kelley, and Steven Sinding), the volume offers an important collection of original essays on the interrelation between demography and economic development...The authors provide excellent coverage of many methodological issues and of recent macroeconomic and microeconomic evidence linking fertility and population dynamics to economic performance. Anyone concerned with how population change affects the development prospects of poor countries will profit from reading the essays." — Jeffrey D. Sachs, Science
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199244072
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 10/24/2001
  • Pages: 456
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Nancy Birdsall is Senior Associate and Director, Economic Reform Project, Global Policy Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Allen C. Kelley is James B. Duke Professor of Economics, Duke University. Steven Sinding is Director, Population Sciences Division, Rockefeller Foundation.

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Table of Contents

I. Setting the Stage
1. How and Why Population Matters: New Findings, New Issues, Nancy Birdsall and Steven Sinding
2. The Population Debate in Historical Perspective: Revisionism Revised, Allen C. Kelley
3. Dependency Burdens in the Developing World, John Bongaarts
II. Population Change and the Economy
4. Economic and Demographic Change: A Synthesis of Models, Findings, and Perspectives, Allen C. Kelley and Robert M. Schmidt
5. Demographic Change, Economic Growth and Inequality, Jeffrey G. Williamson
6. Saving, Wealth, and Population, Ronald D. Lee, Andrew Mason, and Tim Miller
7. Cumulative Causality, Economic Growth and the Demographic Transition, David Bloom and David Canning
III. Fertility, Poverty and the Family
8. Population and Poverty in Households: A Review of Reviews, Tom Merrick
9. Demographic Transition and Poverty: Effects Via Economic Growth, Distribution, and Conversion, Robert Eastwood and Michael Lipton
10. Inequality and the Family in Latin America, Ricardo Hausmann and Miguel Székely
11. Demographic Changes and Poverty in Brazil, Ricardo Paes de Barros, Sergio Firpo, Roberta Guedes Barreto, and Phillippe George Pereira Leite
IV. Population, Agriculture and Natural Resources
12. Rural Population Growth, Agricultural Change and Natural Resource Management in Developing Countries: A Review of Hypotheses and Some Evidence from Honduras, John Pender
13. V. Some Economics of Population Policy Why Micro Matters, Jere R. Behrman
14. New Findings in Economics and Demography: Implications for Policies to Reduce Poverty, Nancy Birdsall

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