Overview

In the past few decades, the increasingly routine use of advanced structural probes for studying the structure and dynamics of the solid state has led to some dramatic developments in the field of porous solids. These materials are fundamental in a diverse range of applications, such as shape-selective catalysts for energy-efficient organic transformations, new media for pollutant removal, and gas storage materials for energy technologies. Porosity in inorganic materials may range from the nano-scale to the ...
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Porous Materials

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Overview

In the past few decades, the increasingly routine use of advanced structural probes for studying the structure and dynamics of the solid state has led to some dramatic developments in the field of porous solids. These materials are fundamental in a diverse range of applications, such as shape-selective catalysts for energy-efficient organic transformations, new media for pollutant removal, and gas storage materials for energy technologies. Porosity in inorganic materials may range from the nano-scale to the macro-scale, and the drive towards particular properties remains the goal in this fast-developing area of research. Covering some of the key families of inorganic solids that are currently being studied, Porous Materials discusses:
  • Metal Organic Frameworks Materials
  • Mesoporous Silicates
  • Ordered Porous Crystalline Transition Metal Oxides
  • Recent Developments in Templated Porous Carbon Materials
  • Synthetic Silicate Zeolites: Diverse Materials Accessible Through Geoinspiration

Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Series:

Low-Dimensional Solids | Molecular Materials | Functional Oxides | Energy Materials

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781119972969
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 3/29/2011
  • Series: Inorganic Materials Series , #13
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 350
  • Product dimensions: 6.41 (w) x 9.15 (h) x 0.96 (d)
  • File size: 7 MB

Meet the Author

PROFESSOR DUNCAN BRUCE graduated from the University of Liverpool (UK), where he also gained his PhD. In 1984, he took up a Temporary Lectureship in Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Sheffield and was awarded a Royal Society Warren Research Fellowship. He was then appointed Lecturer in Chemistry and was promoted Senior Lecturer in 1994, in which year he became co-director of the Sheffield Centre for Molecular Materials. In 1995, he was appointed Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Exeter. Following the closure of Exeter's chemistry department in 2005, Professor Bruce took up his present position as Professor of Materials Chemistry in York. He is currently Chair of the Royal Society of Chemistry Materials Chemistry Forum. His current research interests include liquid crystals and nanoparticle-doped, nanostructured, mesoporous silicates. His work has been recognized by various awards including the British Liquid Crystal Society's first Young Scientist prize and the RSC's Sir Edward Frankland Fellowship and Corday-Morgan Medal and Prize. He has held visiting positions in Australia, France, Japan and Italy.

DR. RICHARD WALTON, who was also formerly based in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Exeter, now works in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Warwick. His research group works in the area of solid-state materials chemistry and has a number of projects focusing upon the synthesis, structural characterization and properties of inorganic materials.

DERMOT O'HARE is Professor in the Chemistry Research Laboratory at the University of Oxford. is research group has a wide range of research interests. They all involve synthetic chemistry ranging from organometallic chemistry to the synthesis of new microporous solids. Duncan Bruce and Dermot O'Hare have edited several editions of Inorganic Materials published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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Table of Contents

Inorganic Materials Series Preface.

Preface.

List of Contributors.

1 Metal-Organic Framework Materials (Cameron J. Kepert).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Porosity.

1.2.1 Framework Structures and Properties.

1.2.2 Storage and Release.

1.2.3 Selective Guest Adsorption and Separation.

1.2.4 Heterogeneous Catalysis.

1.3 Incorporation of Other Properties.

1.3.1 Magnetic Ordering.

1.3.2 Electronic and Optical Properties.

1.3.3 Structural and Mechanical Properties.

1.4 Concluding Remarks.

Acknowledgements.

References.

2 Mesoporous Silicates (Karen J. Edler).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Nomenclature.

2.3 Methods of Preparation.

2.4 Surfactant Aggregation.

2.5 Silica Source.

2.6 Template Removal.

2.7 Synthetic Routes and Formation Mechanisms.

2.7.1 True Liquid Crystal Templating.

2.7.2 Cooperative Self-Assembly.

2.7.3 Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly.

2.8 Properties and Characterisation.

2.9 Macroscopic Structures.

2.10 Applications.

References.

3 Ordered Porous Crystalline Transition Metal Oxides (Masahiro Sadakane and Wataru Ueda).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Scope and Limitations of this Review.

3.3 Microporous Transition Metal Oxide Materials.

3.4 Mesoporous Transition Metal Oxide Materials.

3.4.1 Soft Template Method.

3.4.2 Hard Template Method.

3.4.3 Mesoporous Oxides of Group 4 Elements (Ti, Zr).

3.4.4 Mesoporous Oxidesof Group 5 Elements (Nb, Ta).

3.4.5 Mesoporous Oxides of Group 6 Elements (Cr, Mo, W).

3.4.6 Mesoporous Oxides of Group 7 Elements (Mn).

3.4.7 Mesoporous Oxides of Elements of Groups 8–11 (Fe, Co, Ni, Cu).

3.4.8 Mesoporous Oxides of Lanthanide Elements (Ce).

3.5 Macroporous Materials.

3.5.1 Macroporous Monometal Oxides.

3.5.2 Macroporous Oxides of Group 4 Elements (Ti, Zr).

3.5.3 Macroporous Oxides of Group 5 Elements(V, Nb).

3.5.4 Macroporous Oxides of Group 6 Elements(Cr,W).

3.5.5 Macroporous Oxides of Elements of Groups 7–11 (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu).

3.5.6 Macroporous Oxides of Lanthanide Elements (La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu).

3.5.7 Macroporous Multi-Component Metal Oxides.

3.5.8 Two-Step Templating Method.

3.5.9 Applications.

3.6 Conclusion.

References.

4 Templated Porous Carbon Materials: Recent Developments (Yongde Xia, Zhuxian Yang and Robert Mokaya).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Microporous Carbon Materials.

4.2.1 Zeolites as Hard Template.

4.2.2 Clays as Hard Template.

4.2.3 Other Microporous Materials as Hard Template.

4.3 Mesoporous Carbon Materials.

4.3.1 Conventional Hard Template Synthesis Strategy.

4.3.2 Cost-Effective Strategies for the Synthesis of Mesoporous Carbons.

4.3.3 Soft-Template Synthesis Strategy for Ordered Mesoporous Carbons.

4.3.4 Ordered Mesoporous Carbons with Graphitic Pore Wall.

4.3.5 Mesopore Size Control.

4.3.6 Morphology Control.

4.4 Macroporous Carbon Materials.

4.4.1 Silica Colloidal Crystals as Hard Template.

4.4.2 Polymer Microspheres as Template.

4.4.3 Dual Template Method.

References.

5 Synthetic Silicate Zeolites: Diverse Materials Accessible Through Geoinspiration (Miguel A. Camblor and Suk Bong Hong).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Zeolites: Some Definitions.

5.3 Zeolite Structures.

5.4 Chemical Composition of Silicate Zeolites.

5.4.1 Naming Zeolites.

5.4.2 Loewenstein's Rule.

5.5 Zeolite Properties.

5.6 Zeolite Applications.

5.7 Zeolite Synthesis.

5.7.1 The Synthetic Zeolites as Geoinspired Materials.

5.7.2 Thermochemistry of Zeolite Synthesis.

5.7.3 Organic Structure-Directing Agents.

5.7.4 Structure-Direction by Flexible, Hydrophilic OSDAs.

5.7.5 Double OSDA Strategies.

5.7.6 Structure-Direction by T-Atoms.

5.7.7 Zeolite Synthesis from Nonaqueous Solvents.

5.7.8 The Fluoride Route to Zeolites.

5.7.9 Structure-Direction Issues in the Fluoride Route to Pure-Silica Zeolites.

5.7.10 Topotactic Condensation of Layered Silicates.

5.8 Concluding Remarks.

Acknowledgements.

References.

Index.

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