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Portable Video: News and Field Production / Edition 6
     

Portable Video: News and Field Production / Edition 6

by Norman Medoff, Edward J. Fink
 

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ISBN-10: 0240814991

ISBN-13: 9780240814995

Pub. Date: 03/16/2012

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Portable Video presents students with the techniques and technology of single camera electronic news gathering and electronic field production. Covering everything from creative and technical recording and editing techniques to budgets and copyright issues, this book shows best practices in shooting news, and narrative production, developing the story,

Overview

Portable Video presents students with the techniques and technology of single camera electronic news gathering and electronic field production. Covering everything from creative and technical recording and editing techniques to budgets and copyright issues, this book shows best practices in shooting news, and narrative production, developing the story, writing the script, current methods to capturing audio and video, working with light, and more. Updates feature the latest advances in techniques and equipment. New coverage includes digital workflow techniques, digital cameras (including DSLRs), lighting, audio, and mobile.

Features information on:
. News gathering
. Field Production
. Scriptwriting and storyboards
. Preproduction, production, postproduction
. Budgeting and pricing
. Framing and composition
. Capturing Audio
. Ethics and legal considerations

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780240814995
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
03/16/2012
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
400
Sales rank:
647,304
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.80(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents


Foreword     xvii
Preface     xix
Acknowledgments     xxi
Introduction     1
ENG and EFP: The World of Professional Video     2
Electronic News Gathering: Capturing the Event     4
A Brief History     4
TV News Videography Today     5
Electronic Field Production: Video Production on Location     8
Birth of an Industry     8
Video Production Today: The Process     9
Summary     13
Electronic News Gathering Style     15
Recorded Coverage     15
Spot News     15
General News     21
Feature News     23
Sports News     25
Summary     27
Live Coverage     28
Getting the Picture Out     28
Communications     31
Interrupted Feedback     32
Form and Style     32
Electronic Field Production     35
What Can Go Wrong?     35
Summary     38
Electronic Field Production Style     41
Corporate and Professional Videos     42
Corporate News Show     42
Instruction, Training, andDemonstration     43
Teleconferencing     44
Sales, Promotion, and Motivation     44
Entertainment     44
Commercials and Public Service Announcements     45
Commercials     45
Public Service Announcements     48
Budgets     48
Performance Videos     48
Historical Archive     51
Sports Videos     52
Competition Coverage     53
Skycam     54
Feature Coverage     54
Music Videos     55
Variety of Settings     56
Style and Technique     56
Nature and Documentary Videos     57
Video Art     57
Multimedia     59
Internet     60
World Wide Web     60
Vlogging     63
Podcasts     63
Mobile TV     64
Summary     64
Framing and Composition-The Language of Video     67
Identifying the Storyline     67
Framing-The Range of Shots     68
Shots by Perspective     68
Camera Action Shots     71
Special-Use Shots      75
Composition-Aesthetic Considerations     77
Creating the Third Dimension     77
Effects of Focal Length     79
Distance     80
Balancing the Picture     81
Composing Specific Shots     85
Following the Action     89
Breaking the Rules     90
Summary     91
Scriptwriting     93
Electronic News Gathering     93
W5H and the Inverted Pyramid     93
Writing to the Visuals     94
Writing Interviews     95
Writing Style     95
Electronic Field Production     96
Goals     97
Target Audience     97
Format     98
Style     99
Central Visual Theme     100
Research     100
Treatment     101
Outline     103
Script     103
Review and Revision     106
Storyboard     106
Editing Script     108
Story Structure     108
Summary     110
Preproduction and Production     113
Preproduction     113
Electronic News Gathering      113
Electronic Field Production     114
Production Crew     114
Scheduling and Coordinating     118
Location Selection and Survey     119
Graphics and Props Preparation     122
Clearance on Copyright Materials     122
Travel Planning     123
Production/Shooting on Location     128
ENG versus EFP     129
Setting Up     129
Sound and Light     130
Location Integrity     131
Maintaining Control     131
Backup Plans     132
Security     132
Dealing with the Public     133
Checklists     133
Recording     134
Rehearsing     134
Shooting (and Reshooting)     134
Wrapping Up     135
Summary     136
Postproduction: Editing It All Together     137
Technical Editing Basics     138
Log     138
Edit Decision List     138
Capture     141
Import     141
Trim     142
Sequence     142
Layer     142
Effects      143
Mix     143
Render     143
Distribute     144
Technical Concepts     146
Creative Editing Basics     150
Sequencing the Shots     150
Maintaining Continuity     154
Establishing a Story Line     156
Pacing     158
Adding Postproduction Value     159
Editing Sound     163
Summary     166
Video     169
Light, Lenses, Cameras, and Recorders     169
Video: The Process of Image Acquisition     169
Principles of Lens Operation     170
Lens Components     171
Video Cameras     183
Camera Basics     184
Camera Functions     187
Video Recorders     192
The Format Wars     192
Older Formats: Hi8, S-VHS, and 3/4-Inch SP     192
Standard Analog Videocassette Formats: Beta SP and MII     194
Digital Formats: D Series, Digital Betacam, Betacam SX, DV, DVCAM, DVCPRO, and Digital S     194
Digital Video Recorders     196
Time Code     197
Typical Control Functions     198
Typical Inputs     198
Typical Outputs     199
Onboard Decks     200
Meters     200
Warning Lights     200
Time Base Correctors     201
Maintenance     201
Troubleshooting     201
Batteries     202
Recharging     202
Life Span     203
Proper Care     203
Tripods and Camera-Mounting Devices     204
Fluid Heads     204
Tripod Legs     205
Dollies     205
Cranes and Booms     206
Steadicam     206
Car Mounts     207
Aerial Mounts     207
Special Mounts     207
Miniature Cameras     208
Summary     208
Audio     211
Microphone Structure     211
Microphones and Audio-Recording Techniques     212
Dynamic Microphones     212
Condenser Elements     212
Sensitivity     213
Sound Sensitivity     214
Directional Sensitivity     214
Frequency Response     216
Impedance     217
Microphone Impedance     217
Overload      217
Other Factors     218
Selection and Placement     218
Choosing a Mic     218
Placing a Mic     218
Style     219
Handheld Microphones     219
Mounted Microphones     220
Lavaliere Microphones     220
Special Applications     221
Performance Microphones     221
Multiple-Application Microphones     221
Headset Microphones     222
Surface-Mount and Pressure-Zone Microphones     222
Wireless Microphones     223
Accessories     224
Mounts     224
Acoustic Filters and Windscreens     225
Audio Cables and Connectors     225
Balanced and Unbalanced Lines     225
Connectors and Adapters     226
Signal Loss in Audio Cable     226
Phase     227
Filters and Pads     227
Handheld Microphones     227
Camera-Mounted Microphones     228
Boom Microphones     229
Lavaliere Microphones     229
Wireless Microphones     230
Monitoring, Mic Pre's, Mixing, and Stereo     231
Monitoring      232
Microphone Preamplifiers     232
Mixing     232
Stereo     233
Summary     233
Light: Understanding and Controlling It     235
The Physical Properties of Light     235
What Is Light?     235
The Color of Light     236
The Direction and Size of a Light Source     238
The Quantity of Light     239
Creating Light     241
Light Emitters     241
Lighting Equipment     247
Basic Lighting Technique     257
The Starting Point: Exposure     257
The Art of Casting Shadows     261
Basic Theory     261
Formal Lighting     263
Natural Lighting     266
Light as an Editorial Tool     273
Summary     275
Budgeting and Pricing     277
ENG and EFP     278
Electronic News Gathering     278
Electronic Field Production     279
Creating an Accurate Budget     280
Line Costs     280
Budgeting for Smaller Projects     281
Budget Tracking     286
Computer Assistance     287
EFP Pricing Formula     287
Entry into the Video Marketplace     289
Leasing     289
Using the Web for Video     290
Being Realistic     290
Summary     290
Laws, Ethics, Copyrights, and Insurance     293
Defamation: Libel and Slander     293
Privacy versus the Right to Know     294
ENG: News Productions     295
EFP: Non-News Productions     304
Copyrights     306
Violations     306
Fair Use Rules     308
Permission     309
Piracy     310
Exclusivity     311
Bugs     311
Courtesies     311
Pool     312
Public Domain Materials     313
Copyright Guidelines for the Web     313
Protecting Your Work     314
Obtaining Protection     314
Alerting Others of Protection     316
Scope     316
Insurance     316
Comprehensive Liability     316
Equipment Loss or Damage     317
Rental Floaters     317
Restrictions     318
Other Coverage      318
Errors and Omissions     318
Workers' Compensation     318
Completion Guarantee Bond     318
Producers' Insurance Policies     319
Summary     319
New Trends and Technologies     321
Format Wars     322
Buying Equipment     323
Cameras     324
Editors     324
Monitors     325
Speakers     326
Digital TV     326
High-Definition TV     327
Streaming Video     328
A Cautionary Note     329
Summary     329
Glossary     331
Bibliography     355
Books     355
Periodicals and Web Sites     359
Format Guidelines for Screenplays     361
Format Guidelines for Two-Column Scripts     367
How to Format a Two-Column Script in Microsoft Word Using the "Tables" Tool     369
Storyboards     373
Analog Tape-to-Tape Video Editing     379
Index     385

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