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This book focuses on the effects of market reforms on domestic politics in Latin America. While considering civilian rule as a constant, the book examines and compares domestic political responses in six countries that embraced similar packages of reforms in the 1980s*Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. The contributors focus on how ambitious measures such as liberalization, privatization, and deregulation yielded mixed results in these countries and in doing so they identify three main patterns of political economic adjustment. In Argentina and Chile, the implementation of market reforms has gone hand in hand with increasingly competitive politics. In Brazil and Mexico, market reforms helped to catalyze transitions from entrenched authoritarian rule. Finally, in Peru and Venezuela, traditional political systems have collapsed and civilian rule has been repeatedly challenged.
The contributors include Carol Wise (University of Southern California), Karen L. Remmer (Duke University), Carol Graham (Brookings Institution), Stefano Pettinato (United Nations Development Programme), Consuelo Cruz (Tufts University), Juan E. Corradi (New York University), Delia M. Boylan (Chicago Public Radio), Riordan Roett (Johns Hopkins University), Martín Tanaka (Institute for Peruvian Studies, Lima), and Kenneth M. Roberts (University of New Mexico).
|List of Acronyms|
|1||Introduction: Latin American Politics in the Era of Market Reform||1|
|2||Elections and Economics in Contemporary Latin America||31|
|3||Hardship and Happiness: Social Mobility and Public Perceptions during Market Reforms||56|
|4||The New Latin American Citizen: First World Models, Third Wave Products||88|
|5||Prelude to Disaster: Weak Reform, Competitive Politics in Argentina||105|
|6||Taking the Concertacion to Task: Second Stage Reforms and the 1999 Presidential Elections in Chile||134|
|7||Mexico's Democratic Transition: The Search for New Reform Coalitions||159|
|8||Brazil's Protracted Transition to Democracy and the Market||199|
|9||The Political Constraints on Market Reform in Peru||221|
|10||Party System Collapse amid Market Restructuring in Venezuela||249|