Overview

Despite the growing interest in the role of psychological trauma in the genesis of psychiatric disorders, few volumes have addressed these issues from a multidisciplinary and international perspective. Given the complexity of reslience and posttraumatic disorder, and given ongoing trauma and violence in many parts of the world, it is crucial to apply such perspectives to review existing knowledge in the field and provide directions for future research.

This book has a broad ...

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Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

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Overview

Despite the growing interest in the role of psychological trauma in the genesis of psychiatric disorders, few volumes have addressed these issues from a multidisciplinary and international perspective. Given the complexity of reslience and posttraumatic disorder, and given ongoing trauma and violence in many parts of the world, it is crucial to apply such perspectives to review existing knowledge in the field and provide directions for future research.

This book has a broad scope. A key focus is PTSD, because of its clinical and health importance, its obvious link with trauma, and its interest for many clinicians and researchers. However, the book also examines resilience and a range of mental health consequences of trauma, because it has become increasingly clear that not all individuals react to trauma in the same way. It is important for mental health professionals to be aware of the broad range of potential responses to trauma, as well as of relevant evidence-based treatments.

The book includes chapters that address a wide range of topics on trauma-related disorders, including nosology and classification, epidemiology, neurobiology, pharmacotherapy, and psychotherapy. Each chapter comprises a critical review of the existing literature, aimed at being useful for the practitioner. This is followed by selected commentaries from other authorities on the topic, representing diverse geographical locations and points of view, who refine some of the perspectives offered in the review, provide alternative views, or suggest important areas of future work.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“This is a valuable contribution to the psychiatric literature, helping clinicians, researchers, and policymakers focus their attention on the ongoing changes in the diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and epidemiology of a known disorder.”  (Doody’s, 13 April 2012)

“The book, however, will provide a solid reference for clinicians and practitioners and is recommended.”  (PsycCRITIQUES, 28 March 2012)

"At the same time, there is enormous value in exploring one topic very well, and this text certainly offers trauma researchers and practitioners an authoritative synthesis and evaluation of knowledge about PTSD itself." (University of Cape Town Child Guidance Clinic, 2012)

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Marcos Modiano-Esquenazi, MD (Rush University Medical Center)
Description: This book provides the most recent understanding of post-traumatic stress disorder from a multidisciplinary and international perspective.
Purpose: The purpose is to review the existing knowledge in the field in order to yield directions for future research.
Audience: With its practical approach to clinical and community interventions, the book is targeted at clinicians, researchers, and policymakers.
Features: The first of the book's six chapters focuses on the working definition of PTSD and the main challenges this diagnosis will have with the new DSM. Chapter 2 covers the epidemiology of the disease with specifics on gender and cross-cultural issues. The neurobiology of PTSD, with a focus on translational theory is the subject of chapter 3, and chapter 4 explores psychopharmacological treatment approaches for PTSD, including future directions. The last two chapters discuss psychological interventions and public mental health, providing a thorough review of the disease. Tables and figures can be found in most of the chapters, and references are provided at the end of every chapter.
Assessment: This is a valuable contribution to the psychiatric literature, helping clinicians, researchers, and policymakers focus their attention on the ongoing changes in the diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and epidemiology of a known disorder. PTSD's symptom clusters are being revised thoroughly and explicitly with much attention on the neurobiological aspects of the disease. As the editors point out, PTSD and the role of psychological trauma in the genesis of psychiatric disorders are not addressed very often in the psychiatric literature from a multidisciplinary and international perspective as they are in this book. Since trauma and violence are being experienced or witnessed in many parts of the world, psychiatrists and mental health workers should be up to date on these topics.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Dan J. Stein, MD, PhD, Professor and Chair, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Matthew J. Friedman, MD, Professor of Psychiatry and of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, and Executive Director, National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, US Department of Veterans Affairs, USA

Carlos Blanco, MD, PhD, Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

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Table of Contents

Preface xi

List of Contributors xv

1 PTSD and Related Disorders 1
Matthew J. Friedman

Commentaries

1.1 Walking the Line in Defining PTSD: Comprehensiveness Versus Core Features 35
Chris R. Brewin

1.2 Trauma-Related Disorders in the Clinical and Legal Settings 38
Elie G. Karam

1.3 Redefining PTSD in DSM-5: Conundrums and Potentially Unintended Risks 42
Alexander C. McFarlane

2 Epidemiology of PTSD 49
Carlos Blanco

Commentaries

2.1 Challenges and Future Horizons in Epidemiological Research into PTSD 75
Abdulrahman M. El-Sayed and Sandro Galea

2.2 Preventing Mental Ill-Health Following Trauma 79
Helen Herrman

2.3 PTSD Epidemiology with Particular Reference to Gender 82
Marianne Kastrup

3 Neurobiology of PTSD 89
Arieh Y. Shalev, Asaf Gilboa and Ann M. Rasmusson

Commentaries

3.1 Translational Theory-Driven Hypotheses and Testing Are Enhancing Our Understanding of PTSD and its Treatment 139
Brian H. Harvey

3.2 Precipitating and design approaches to PTSD 142
Eric Vermetten

4 Pharmacotherapy of PTSD 149
Dan J. Stein and Jonathan C. Ipser

Commentaries

4.1 Critical View of the Pharmacological Treatment of Trauma 163
Marcelo F. Mello

4.2 Shortcomings and Future Directions of the Pharmacotherapy of PTSD 164
Michael Van Ameringen and Beth Patterson

4.3 Dire Need for New PTSD Pharmacotherapeutics 167
Murray B. Stein

5 Psychological Interventions for Trauma Exposure and PTSD 171
Richard A. Bryant

Commentaries

5.1 Psychological Interventions for PTSD in Children 203
Lucy Berliner

5.2 Challenges in the Dissemination and Implementation of Exposure-Based CBT for the Treatment of Hispanics with PTSD 205
Rafael Kichic, Mildred Vera, and Marıa L. Reyes-Rabanillo

5.3 What Else Do We Need to Know about Evidence-Based Psychological Interventions for PTSD? 208
Karina Lovell

5.4 Another Perspective on Exposure Therapy for PTSD 211
Barbara Olasov Rothbaum

6 (Disaster) Public Mental Health 217
Joop de Jong

Commentaries

6.1 An Excellent Model for Low- and Middle-Income Countries 263
Dean Ajdukovic

6.2 Disaster Mental Health and Public Health: An Integrative Approach to Recovery 266
Suresh Bada Math, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar and Maria Christine Nirmala

6.3 Transcultural Aspects of Response to Disasters 272
Tarek A. Okasha

6.4 Disaster Public Health: Health Needs, Psychological First Aid and Cultural Awareness 275
Robert J. Ursano, Matthew N. Goldenberg, Derrick Hamaoka and David M. Benedek

Index 281

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