Postcolonial Developments: Agriculture in the Making of Modern India [NOOK Book]

Overview

This definitive study brings together recent critiques of development and work in postcolonial studies to explore what the postcolonial condition has meant to rural people in the Third World. Focusing on local-level agricultural practices in India since the “green revolution” of the 1960s, Akhil Gupta challenges the dichotomy of “developed” and “underdeveloped,” as well as the notion of a monolithic postcolonial condition. In so doing, he advances discussions of modernity in the Third World and offers a new model...
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Postcolonial Developments: Agriculture in the Making of Modern India

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Overview

This definitive study brings together recent critiques of development and work in postcolonial studies to explore what the postcolonial condition has meant to rural people in the Third World. Focusing on local-level agricultural practices in India since the “green revolution” of the 1960s, Akhil Gupta challenges the dichotomy of “developed” and “underdeveloped,” as well as the notion of a monolithic postcolonial condition. In so doing, he advances discussions of modernity in the Third World and offers a new model for future ethnographic scholarship.
Based on fieldwork done in the village of Alipur in rural north India from the early 1980s through the 1990s, Postcolonial Developments examines development itself as a post–World War II sociopolitical ideological formation, critiques related policies, and explores the various uses of the concept of the “indigenous” in several discursive contexts. Gupta begins with an analysis of the connections and conflicts between the world food economy, transnational capital, and technological innovations in wheat production. He then examines narratives of village politics in Alipur to show how certain discourses influenced governmental policies on the green revolution. Drawing links between village life, national trends, and global forces, Gupta concludes with a discussion of the implications of environmentalism as exemplified by the Rio Earth Summit and an examination of how global environmental treaties may detrimentally affect the lives of subaltern peoples.
With a series of subtle observations on rural politics, nationalism, gender, modernization, and difference, this innovative study capitalizes on many different disciplines: anthropology, sociology, comparative politics, cultural geography, ecology, political science, agricultural economics, and history.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“A truly unusual and provocative first book, written with grace, verve, and clarity. Akhil Gupta places rural life in India in the context of a sharp and informed view of India’s larger political economy.”—Arjun Appadurai, University of Chicago

“This is a work of prodigious, exacting anthropological scholarship, which represents the best in combining traditional practices of ethnography with new theoretical influences.”—George E. Marcus, Rice University

"Many have despaired of the possibility of studying the vast forces and conditions of the contemporary world—globalization, postcoloniality, late capitalism—through ethnographic methods that continue to focus on the specific and the ‘local.’ Akhil Gupta has provided us with a brilliant example of how this can be done. In the process he has rewritten the very categories of the global and the local, and has done so within a prose of extraordinary lucidity and power."—Sherry Ortner, Columbia University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780822399759
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • Publication date: 8/1/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 432
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

Akhil Gupta is Associate Professor of Anthropology at Stanford University.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments ix Introduction 1 1 Agrarian Populism in the Development of a Modern Nation 33 2 Developmentalism, State Power, and Local Politics in Alipur 106 3 "Indigenous" Knowledges: Agronomy 154 4 "Indigenous" Knowledges: Ecology 234 5 Peasants and Global Environmentalism: A New Form of Governmentality? 291 Epilogue 330 Notes 341 Works Cited 379 Index 399
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