Poverty and Charity in Middle Eastern Contexts [NOOK Book]

Overview

Offering insights and analysis in a field that has only recently come into existence, this book explores the ideals and institutions through which Middle Eastern societies-from the rise of Islam in the seventh century C.E. to the present day-have confronted poverty and the poor. By introducing new sources and presenting familiar ones with new questions, the contributors examine ideas about poverty and the poor, ideals and practices of charity, and state and private initiatives of poor relief over this extensive ...
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Poverty and Charity in Middle Eastern Contexts

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Overview

Offering insights and analysis in a field that has only recently come into existence, this book explores the ideals and institutions through which Middle Eastern societies-from the rise of Islam in the seventh century C.E. to the present day-have confronted poverty and the poor. By introducing new sources and presenting familiar ones with new questions, the contributors examine ideas about poverty and the poor, ideals and practices of charity, and state and private initiatives of poor relief over this extensive time span. They avoid easy generalizations about Islam and the Middle East as they seek to set the ideals and practices in comparative perspective.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780791486764
  • Publisher: State University of New York Press
  • Publication date: 9/18/2009
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

Michael Bonner is Professor of Medieval Islamic History at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. He is the author of Aristocratic Violence and Holy War: Studies in the Jihad and the Arab-Byzantine Frontier.

Mine Ener (1965–2003) was Associate Professor of History at Villanova University.

Amy Singer is Professor in the Department of Middle Eastern and African History at Tel Aviv University. She is the author of Palestinian Peasants and Ottoman Officials: Rural Administration around Sixteenth-Century Jerusalem and Constructing Ottoman Beneficence: An Imperial Soup Kitchen in Jerusalem, both also published by SUNY Press, and Charity in Islamic Societies.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Note to the Reader
Introduction 1
Ch. 1 Poverty and Charity in the Rise of Islam 13
Ch. 2 Status-Based Definitions of Need in Early Islamic Zakat and Maintenance Laws 31
Ch. 3 The Foreign Jewish Poor in Medieval Egypt 53
Ch. 4 "Prices Are in God's Hands": The Theory and Practice of Price Control in the Medieval Islamic World 73
Ch. 5 The Functional Aspects of Medieval Islamic Hospitals 95
Ch. 6 Charity and Hospitality: Hospitals in the Ottoman Empire in the Early Modern Period 121
Ch. 7 Charity, the Poor, and Distribution of Alms in Ottoman Algiers 145
Ch. 8 Living on the Margins of Charity: Coping with Poverty in an Ottoman Provincial City 165
Ch. 9 The Charity of the Khedive 185
Ch. 10 Imperial Gifts and Sultanic Legitimation during the Late Ottoman Empire, 1876-1909 203
Ch. 11 Al-Tahtawi on Poverty and Welfare 223
Ch. 12 Islam, Philanthropy, and Political Culture in Interwar Egypt: The Activism of Labiba Ahmad 239
Ch. 13 "The Child Question": The Poltics of Child Welfare in Early Republican Turkey 255
Ch. 14 Islamic Redistribution through Zakat: Historical Record and Modern Realities 275
Ch. 15 Charity's Legacies: Reconsideration of Ottoman Imperial Endowment-Making 295
Conclusion 315
Contributors 325
Index 329
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