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The much-heralded War on Poverty has failed. The number of children living in poverty is steadily on the rise and an increasingly destructive underclass brutalizes urban neighborhoods. America's patience with the poor seems to have run out: even cities that have traditionally been havens for the homeless are arresting, harassing, and expelling their street people.
In this timely work, William Kelso analyzes how the persistence of poverty has resulted in a reversal of liberal and conservative positions during the last thirty years. While liberals in the 1960s hoped to eliminate the causes of poverty, today they increasingly seem resigned to merely treating its effects. The original liberal objective of giving the poor a helping hand by promoting equal opportunity has given way to a new agenda of entitlements and equal results. In contrast, conservatives who once suggested that trying to eliminate poverty was futile, now seek ways to eradicate the actual causes of poverty.
Poverty and the Underclass suggests that the arguments of both the left and right are misguided and offers new explanations for the persistence of poverty. Looking beyond the codewords that have come to obscure the debate—underclass, family values, the culture of poverty,—Kelso emphasizes that poverty is not a monolithic condition, but a vast and multidimensional problem.
During his Presidential campaign, Bill Clinton called for an overhaul of the welfare system and spoke of a new covenant to unite both the left and right in developing a common agenda for fighting poverty. In this urgent, landmark work, William Kelso merges conservative, radical, and liberal ideals to suggest howthe intractable problem of poverty may be solved at long last by implementing the principles of this new covenant.
”Kelso's book provides an excellent overview of poverty and the underclass in American society, along with perceptive observations about how contemporary views of the poor are changing."
-Kenrick S. Thompson,Professor of Sociology, Northern Michigan University
”An excellent introduction to the debate about poverty in America. He emphasizes how little we still know about this critical problem. Poverty in the land of plenty remains a mystery."
-Lawrence M. Mead,author of The New Politics of Poverty
”A thoughtful analysis of one of America's most vexing social problems. Kelso eschews the platitudes of both left and right to examine the intractable nature of poverty and its diverse causes. He is especially insightful in his dissection of the role culture plays in poverty—and for the concern government should have for the character of its citizens."
-Linda Chavez,author of Out of the Barrio: Toward a New Politics of Hispanic Assimilation
|Pt. I||The Poverty Debate|
|1||Doesn't Anything Work? Is a War against Poverty Really Feasible?||1|
|2||Poverty: How Serious Is the Problem?||14|
|3||What Is Causing the Problem? An Overview||31|
|Pt. II||Explaining Poverty: Individual Explanations|
|4||The Lack of Human Capital||49|
|5||The Lack of Entrepreneurial Skills||71|
|6||The Growing Instability of the Family||95|
|Pt. III||Explaining Poverty: Motivational Explanations Accounting for the Growth of the Underclass|
|7||Rational Economic Explanations: The Liberal Version||121|
|8||Rational Economic Explanations: The Conservative Version||137|
|Pt. IV||Explaining Poverty: Structural Explanations|
|10||The Barrier of Racial Discrimination||185|
|11||The Economy I: The Lack of Jobs||205|
|12||The Economy II: The Lack of High-Paying Jobs||225|
|13||The Economy III: Stagnating Productivity and the Lack of High-Paying Jobs||247|
|14||The View from the Left: Economic Exploitation and the Lack of Political Power||254|
|Pt. V||The Changing Views of Poverty in America|
|15||Changing Perceptions of the Causes of Poverty: A Summary||273|
|16||Maybe Something Will Work after All: The Fight against Poverty Revisited||282|
|Appendix: The Controversy over the Government's Definition of Poverty||307|