Poverty, Inequality, and the Future of Social Policy: Western States in the New World Order

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During the prosperous 1980s, increased unemployment and widening income inequality throughout the Western world raised the paradoxical specter of a new and acute form of poverty in advanced economies. Rapid technological advances, industrial globalization, loss of low-wage jobs, increased numbers of single-mother families, and new patterns of immigration all placed tremendous strain on social welfare programs designed for a more stable, homogeneous era. The essays in Poverty, Inequality, and the Future of Social Policy provide a comprehensive account of this economic and social turbulence and analyze the capacities of Western welfare systems to respond effectively to the growing crisis.
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Editorial Reviews

The outcome of a major project, this volume provides a comprehensive account of how rapid technological advances, industrial globalization, loss of low-wage jobs, increased numbers of single-mother families, and new patterns of immigration have placed tremendous strain on social welfare programs designed for a more stable, homogeneous period. Part I contains comparative analyses of income, poverty, and workforce trends in a number of Western nations in the 1980s. Parts II to IV focus on policies affecting young adults, lone parents, and ethnic minorities in specific countries. Part V reviews the trends and findings from the earlier chapters and discusses their implications for future policy. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780871545930
  • Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
  • Publication date: 8/1/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 756
  • Product dimensions: 6.60 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.43 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Western States in the New World Order 1
Ch. 1 Markets and States: Poverty Trends and Transfer System Effectiveness in the 1980s 29
Ch. 2 Poverty and Social-Assistance Dynamics in the United States, Canada, and Europe
Ch. 3 A Comparison of Poverty and Living Conditions in the United States, Canada, Sweden, and Germany 109
Ch. 4 Labor Insecurity Through Market Regulation: Legacy of the 1980s, Challenge for the 1990s 153
Ch. 5 The Impact of Technological Change, Deindustrialization, and Internationalization of Trade on Earnings Inequality: An International Perspective 197
Ch. 6 Gender Role and Family Structure Changes in the Advanced Industrialized West: Implications for Social Policy 231
Ch. 7 French Policies Towards Lone Parents: Social Categories and Social Policies 257
Ch. 8 Single Mothers in Sweden: Why is Poverty Less Severe? 291
Ch. 9 Lone Parents: the Canadian Experience 327
Ch. 10 Single Mother Families and Social Policy: Lessons for the United States from Canada, France, and Sweden 367
Ch. 11 Is there a Problem with the Youth Labor Market, and if so, How Should We Fix It? 387
Ch. 12 Apprentice Training in Germany: The Experiences of the 1980s 415
Ch. 13 Special Measures to Improve Youth Employment in Italy 439
Ch. 14 Postindustrialization and Youth Unemployment: African Americans as Harbingers 461
Ch. 15 Divergent Destinies: Immigration, Poverty, and Entrepreneurship in the United States 489
Ch. 16 The Impact of Economic Change on Minorities and Migrants in Western Europe 521
Ch. 17 The Comparative Structure and Experience of Urban Exclusion: "Race," Class, and Space in Chicago and Paris 543
Ch. 18 Immigration, Marginality, and French Social Policy 571
Ch. 19 Poverty, Immigration, and Minority Groups: Policies Toward Minorities in Great Britain 585
Ch. 20 Ethnic Minorities in the Netherlands 607
Ch. 21 Trampolines, Safety Nets, or Free Fall? Labor Market Policies and Social Assistance in the 1980s 631
Ch. 22 The Social Question 665
Ch. 23 Poverty, Social Rights, and the Quality of Citizenship 693
Name Index 715
Subject Index 723
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