Overview

This second edition of this highly-successful glossary provides an exhaustive and authoritative guide to over 200 technical terms used in contemporary scholarly research on poverty. It seeks to make researchers, students and policy makers aware of the multi-dimensional character of this social condition. The new edition includes a range of entries to keep pace with an expanding field of discourse, an expanded set of references and further perspectives from developing countries. A special effort has been made to ...
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Poverty: An International Glossary

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Overview

This second edition of this highly-successful glossary provides an exhaustive and authoritative guide to over 200 technical terms used in contemporary scholarly research on poverty. It seeks to make researchers, students and policy makers aware of the multi-dimensional character of this social condition. The new edition includes a range of entries to keep pace with an expanding field of discourse, an expanded set of references and further perspectives from developing countries. A special effort has been made to incorporate non-Western approaches and concepts.
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Editorial Reviews

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A guide to about 200 technical terms used in contemporary scholarly research on poverty. Each entry contains definitions and explanations, followed by a select reading list of relevant journal articles and books. Some of the entries are the fringes of poverty issues, and others will be familiar only to those academics who work within a certain disciplinary definition of poverty. They are presented in various manners<-->some detailed, some more sketchy, some having only historical value, and others currently in vogue, thus presenting a diversified picture across time and space for a rethinking of poverty concepts. Distributed by St. Martin's Press. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknew.com)
From the Publisher

"An indispensable guide ... Spicker's final chapter is a masterly review of the subject." - David Donnison, Emeritus Professor at the University of Glasgow

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Paul Spicker holds the Grampian Chair of Public Policy at the Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, and is Director of the Centre for Public Policy and Management. Sonia Alvarez Leguizamón is Associate Professor of Urban Anthropology in the Faculty of Humanities, National University of Salta, Argentina. David Gordon is Director of the Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research, University of Bristol.

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Table of Contents

Introducing the glossary     1
Glossary     5
Absolute Poverty     7
Administrative Poverty     9
Amenities     9
Arabic (Traditional) Definitions of Poverty     10
Area Deprivation     10
Asset Vulnerability Framework     11
Australian Definitions of Poverty     13
Axiom of Monotonicity; Axiom of Transfers     15
Basic Income     16
Basic Needs     17
Basic Security (Security of Existence)     19
Begging     20
Beveridge Scheme     21
Bismarckian Social Insurance     22
Brazilian Definitions of Poverty     22
Budget Standards     23
Calorie-Income Elasticity (CIE)     26
Capabilities and Characteristics     26
Charity     27
Charity Organization Society     29
Child Malnutrition     30
Child Mortality     31
Child Poverty     32
Chinese Definitions of Poverty     34
Chronic Poverty     36
Class     36
Command Over Resources     37
Conditionality     37
ConsensualMethods     38
Consumption     40
Contextual Poverty     42
Conversion Capacity     43
Culture of Poverty     43
Cycle of Deprivation     45
Dependency     46
Dependency Culture     47
Dependency Theory     47
Deprivation     49
Deserving Poor     50
Destitution     51
Development     51
Direct and Indirect Measures of Poverty     53
Disability and Poverty     56
Disadvantage     59
Disqualification (La Disqualification Sociale)     59
Diswelfare     60
Economic Definitions of Poverty     61
Economic Distance     62
Empowerment     63
Engel Coefficient     64
Entitlement     65
Equality     65
Equivalence Scales     67
European Relative Income Standard of Poverty     70
European Union Definition of Poverty     71
Exclusion     72
Explanations for Poverty     74
Extended Poverty Minimum     75
Extreme Poverty     75
Family Wage      76
Famine     77
Female Poverty     77
Feminization of Poverty     78
Food Shortages     80
Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) Index     81
Fourth World     83
Fuel Poverty     84
Gender Division of Labour     85
Genetic Explanations     86
Gini Coefficient     87
Gnp Per Capita     88
Head-Count Ratio or Headcount Index H     90
Health and Poverty     91
Homelessness     92
Housing     92
Human Development     93
Human Poverty Index (HPI)     94
Human Rights and Poverty     94
Impoverishment     97
Incentives to Work     98
Income     100
Income Distribution     101
Income Elasticity of the Poverty Line     102
Income Inelasticity of Demand     103
Income Maintenance     104
Income Smoothing     105
Indicators     106
Indices of Deprivation     106
Indigence     107
Informal Sector of the Economy     108
Insertion      109
Institutional Welfare     110
Integrated Poverty (Pauvrete Integree)     110
Integrated Poverty Line     110
Intergenerational Continuity     111
International AID     111
International Fund for Agricultural Development Definitions of Poverty     113
Intra-Household Transfers     114
Inverse Care Law     115
Islamic Definitions of Poverty     116
Kuznets Inverted U Curve; Kuznets Ratio     118
Laeken Indicators     119
Landlessness     120
Less Eligibility     121
Living Standards Measurement Study     122
Low Income Cut-Offs     123
Luxembourg Income Study; Luxembourg Employment Study     124
Malawi Poverty Profile     126
Malnutrition     126
Marginality     128
Maternal Mortality and Morbidity     130
Means-Testing     131
Migration and Poverty     132
Millennium Development Goals     134
Minimum Income Standards     137
Needs     138
Neo-Philanthropy     139
New Poor     140
Non-Contributory Benefits     141
Normative Standards     141
Overall Poverty     143
Overcrowding     144
Participation     145
Participatory Research     146
Pauperism     147
Philanthropy     149
Philippines Definition of Poverty     150
Poor Law     151
Positional Goods     152
Poverty Dominance     153
Poverty Gap     154
Poverty Gap Index (PGI)     155
Poverty Line     156
Poverty Production     156
Poverty Profile     158
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers     159
Poverty Trap     160
Power     161
Precarious Labour     161
Precariousness     162
Primary and Secondary Poverty     163
Problem Families     165
Redistribution     167
Relative Deprivation     167
Relative Poverty     169
Residual Welfare     170
Rights     170
Rural Poverty     171
Safety Nets     173
Scientific Definitions of Poverty     175
Secondary Workers     176
Security      177
Selectivity     178
Sen Index     179
Social Assistance     180
Social Capital     180
Social Distance     182
Social Economy     183
Social Insurance     184
Social Protection     185
Social Security     185
Solidarity     186
Speenhamland System     188
Squatting     189
Standard Food Basket     190
Stigma     191
Street Children     192
Structural Adjustment     193
Structural Dependency     194
Structural Poverty     195
Sub-Employment     197
Sub-Proletariat     198
Subjective Poverty Lines     198
Subsistence     201
Survival Strategies     202
Targeting     204
Tip-Curves     205
Totally Fuzzy and Relative (TFR) Poverty Measures     206
UBN-PL Method     208
Underclass     209
Underemployment     209
Unemployment     210
United States of America Poverty Line     212
Urban Segregation      214
Vagrancy     217
Voice     217
Vulnerability     218
Web of Deprivation     220
Welfare     220
Welfare Housing     221
Welfare Rights     222
Welfare State     223
Workfare     226
Workhouse; Workhouse Test     226
World Bank Poverty Lines     227
Definitions of poverty: twelve clusters of meaning     229
Index     244
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