Practical Analysis and Reconstruction of Shooting Incidents

Hardcover (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $110.63
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 16%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (8) from $110.63   
  • New (5) from $110.63   
  • Used (3) from $125.74   


The ultimate goal of collecting, preserving, and examining physical evidence is individualization - associating each piece with its responsible source. Firearms evidence in particular has the potential to individualize its source. Accessible and comprehensive, Practical Analysis and Reconstruction of Shooting Incidents provides the foundation necessary to develop and sharpen the skills used to investigate shooting incidents. It provides an explanation of what constitutes pertinent evidence and appropriate results pertaining to autopsies, forensic laboratory analysis, and reenactments. The text also reviews basic firearm design, function, ammunition components, and the terminology required for understanding evidence encountered at the scene.

The book explains the basic mathematics of shooting reconstruction and includes sample problems at the end of each chapter. It presents case studies that feature those involving the John F. Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy assassinations. It also details proper photographic documentation and effective courtroom techniques used to present the results of shooting reconstructions to juries, with examples of acceptable demonstrative evidence.

Arming the investigator with the means to successfully examine and evaluate what transpired at the scene, Practical Analysis and Reconstruction of Shooting Incidents is an important resource to have accessible at all times.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

Table of Contents

Theory and Practice of Shooting
§ Shooting Reconstruction and the Scientific Method
§ On-Scene Evidence: Evaluation and Documentation
§ Off-Scene Evaluation and Investigation
§ Goal of Shooting Reconstruction
§ Limitations of Shooting Reconstruction
§ Reenactment as Part of Reconstructing Shooting Incidents
§ Developing Time Lines
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Mathematics of Shooting Reconstruction
§ Trigonometry, Geometry, and Shooting Incident Analysis
§ Calculation of Impact Angles
§ Other Calculations
§ Distorted Bullet Base Measurements
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Firearms and Ammunition Components
§ Firearms Categories and Nomenclature
§ Ammunition Components
§ Scene Documentation of Weapons
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Shooting Reconstruction Equipment and Use
§ Documentation of Bullet Holes at Shooting Scenes
§ Trajectory Rods and Use at Shooting Scenes
§ Bullet Hole Basics
§ Types of Trajectory Rods
§ Trajectory Rod Accessories
§ Other Required Equipment
§ Substrate Considerations
§ Proper Trajectory Rod Placement
§ Uneven, Curved Surfaces
§ Rod Extension via Laser
§ Use of Lasers without Trajectory Rods
§ Proper Examination and Documentation
§ Key Points to Remember
§ Tripod-Mounted Lasers
§ Total Data Stations
§ Chronographs
§ Specialized Equipment for Shooting Reconstruction
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Cartridge Case Ejection Pattern Testing
§ Testing Considerations
§ Methodology
§ Interpretation of Results
§ Problems
§ Suggested Readings

Shot Pattern Analysis and Testing
§ Approximating Muzzle-to-Target Distance
§ Angle of Impact Estimation
§ Test Firing
§ Graphical Analysis
§ Shot Shell Buffer and Distance Estimation
§ Reporting of Results
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Examination and Testing of Weapons
and Ammunition Components
§ Trace Evidence Examination
§ Function Testing
§ Accuracy Determination
§ Rate of Fire Determination
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Gunshot Residue Testing
§ Gunshot Residue Sources
§ Primer Residues and Shooter Determination
§ Particles Considered "Characteristic" of GSR
§ Particles Considered "Unique" to GSR
§ Muzzle-to-Target Distance Approximation Testing:
§ Inanimate Objects
§ Collection of Gunshot Residue from Fixed
§ Inanimate Objects
§ Procedure
§ Muzzle-to-Target Distance Approximation Testing:
§ HumanTissue
§ Paraffin Test
§ Determination of Time since Discharge
§ Case Study
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Bullet Hole and Wound Characteristics
§ Bullet Holes in Clothing and Underlying Tissue
§ Reconciling Bullet Holes in Clothing with Underlying
§ Wounds
§ Bullet Holes in Glass and Glass Injuries
§ Glass Evidence Checklists
§ Determination of Directionalities of Shots
§ Determination of Shot Sequence
§ Glass Evidence Collection
§ Documentation of Bullet Holes in Glass
§ Glass Injury Documentation
§ Side Glass Position Determination
§ Test Firing for Confirmation Purposes
§ Bullet Holes in Tires and Other Elastic Materials
§ Documentation
§ Case Study
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Bullet Ricochet Phenomena
§ Terms Associated with Ricochets
§ Producing Ricochet
§ Directionality Based on Point of Impact
§ Other Indicators of Directionality
§ V Shape
§ Fracture Lines on Painted Surfaces
§ "Classic" Ricochet Mark
§ "Pear" Effect
§ Ricochet Crease Profiles
§ Ricochet with Partial Penetration
§ Internal Ricochet
§ Ricochets off Glass
§ Direction of Twist Determination from Ricochet Mark
§ Establishing Critical Angles
§ Establishing Ricochet Angles
§ Establishing Deflection Angles
§ Establishing Shooter Position
§ Documentation
§ Evidence of Ricochet
§ Case Study
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Bloodstains and Blood Spatter
at Shooting Scenes
§ Blood Characteristics and Drop Formation
§ Blood Spatter Associated with
§ Blood on Hands of Shooter
§ Blood on Objects at Shooting Scene
§ Non-Gunshot Dynamics That Mimic High Velocity
§ Impact Blood Spatter
§ Blood and Use in Timeline Development
§ Case Studies
§ Case 1: Blood Solves a Shooting
§ Case 2: Bloodstains and Lividity Contradict
§ a Suspect's Story
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Officer-Involved Shootings
§ General Considerations
§ Protocol for Officer-Involved Shooting
§ Unintentional Discharge of Weapon
§ Accidental Discharge of Weapon
§ Suicide by Cop
§ Case Studies
§ Attempted Suicide by Cop
§ Charles Whitman and the University of Texas
§ Tower Incident
§ Exercises
§ Suggested Readings

Case Analysis
§ General Considerations
§ Shot Accounting
§ Recognizing Staged and Misrepresented Crime Scenes
§ Off-Scene Analysis of Crime Scene Data
§ Homicide-versus-Suicide Issues
§ Common Misconceptions
§ Importance of Obtaining Participant Information
§ Shots Fired into Vehicles
§ Vehicle Bullet Hole Documentation
§ and Trajectory Analysis
§ Case Studies
§ Case 1
§ Case 2
§ Case 3
§ Suggested Readings

§ Introduction
§ Internal Ballistics
§ External Ballistics
§ Terminal Ballistics
§ Common Misconceptions Regarding Wound Ballistics
§ Sound Suppressors
§ Case Study
§ Suggested Readings

Firearms and Ammunition Reference
Collections and Other Resources
§ Firearms and Ammunition Reference Collections
§ Databases and Software
§ Vehicle Information
§ Architectural Information
§ Weather and Meteorological Data
§ Bullet Trajectory Data
§ Imagery
§ Crime Scene Software
§ References

Report Writing, Demonstrative Evidence,
and Courtroom Presentation
§ Standard Reporting Formats
§ Suggested Summation Report Format
§ Photographic Images, Drawings, and Diagrams
§ Full-Scale Reproductions
§ PowerPoint Presentations
§ Court Testimony
§ Suggested Readings



Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)