Practical Hydraulics / Edition 2

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Hydraulics has a reputation for being a complex, even intimidating, discipline. Put simply, hydraulics is the study of how water and similar fluids behave and can be harnessed for practical use. It is one of the fundamental scientific and engineering subjects and many professions demand a working knowledge of its basic concepts, yet most hydraulics textbooks are aimed at readers with a strong engineering or mathematical background.

Practical Hydraulics approaches the subject from basic principles and demonstrates how these are applied in practice. It is clearly written and includes many illustrations and examples. It will appeal to a wide range of professionals and students needing an introduction to the subject, from farmers irrigating crops to fire crews putting out fires with high-pressure water hoses. However hydraulics is not just about water. Many other fluids behave in the same way and so affect a wide range of people from doctors, needing to know how blood flows in veins, to car designers, wanting to save fuel by reducing drag.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415351157
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/20/2007
  • Edition description: Revised
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 272
  • Product dimensions: 6.69 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 0.56 (d)

Meet the Author

Melvyn Kay, formerly Senior Lecturer in Hydraulics and Irrigation at Cranfield University, UK, currently practices as a consultant in irrigation water management.

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Table of Contents

Some Basic Mechanics. Introduction. Units. Velocity and Acceleration. Forces. Friction. Newton's Laws of Motion. Mass and Weight. Scalar and Vector Quantities. Dealing with Vectors. Work, Energy and Power. Momentum. Properties of Water. Hydrostatics: Water at Rest. Introduction. Pressure. Pressure and Depth. Pressure Head. Atmospheric Pressure. Measuring Pressure. Designing Dams. Forces on Sluice Gates. Archimedes Principle. Examples. Hydrodynamics: When Water Starts to Flow. Introduction. Development of a Theory. Hydraulic Tool Box. Discharge and Continuity. Energy. Using Energy and Continuity. Some More Energy Applications. Momentum. Real Fluids. Drag Forces. Eddy Shedding. Making Balls Swing. Examples. Pipes. Introduction. A Typical Pipe Flow Problem. A Formula for Pipe Friction. Hydraulic Gradient. Energy Loss at Pipe Fittings. Siphons. Selecting Pipes in Practice. Measuring Discharge in Pipes. Momentum in Pipes. Water Hammer. Surge. Examples. Channels. Introduction. Pipes or Channels? Laminar and Turbulent Flow. Using the Hydraulic Tools. Uniform Flow. Gradually Varied Flow. Rapidly Varied Flow. Secondary Flows. Sediment Transport. Examples. Waves. Introduction. Describing Waves. Waves at Sea. Waves in Rivers and Open Channels. Flood Waves. Some Special Waves. Tidal Power. Hydraulic Structures for Channels. Introduction. Orifice Structures. Weirs and Flumes. Sharp-Crested Weirs. Solid Weirs. Flumes. Discharge Measurement. Discharge Control. Water Level Control. Energy Dissipaters. Siphons. Culverts. Examples. Pumps and Turbines. Introduction. Positive Displacement Pumps. Roto-Dynamic Pumps. Suction. Delivery. Pumping Head. Pump Performance. Choosing Pumps. Matching a Pump with a Pipeline. Pumps in Series and in Parallel. Operating Pumps. Power Units. Surge in Pumping Mains. Turbines. Cavitation. Examples. Answers to Questions. References and Further Reading

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