Practical Medicine from Salerno to the Black Death

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Overview

From the eleventh century to the Black Death in 1348 Europe was economically vigorous and expanding, especially in Mediterranean societies. In this world of growing wealth new educational institutions were founded: the universities; and it was in these that a new form of medicine came to be taught and which widely influenced medical care throughout Europe. The knowledge of the University medical practitioner, both physician and surgeon, was built on translations of Greek and Arabic texts, together with personal experience of medical practice.

The essays in this collection focus on the practical aspects of medieval medicine, and among other issues they explore how far this new learned medicine percolated through to the popular level; how the learned medical men understood and coped with plague: the theory and practice of medical astrology, and of bleeding (phlebotomy) for the cure and prevention of illness. Several essays deal with the development and interrelations of the nascent medical profession, and of Christian, Muslim and Jewish practitioners one to another. Special emphasis is given to the practice of surgery and to innovation in surgical technique, to the development of surgical treatises which made learned surgery more widely available, and to the role of royal surgeons. The problems of recovering knowledge of a large proportion of medical care - that given by women - are also explored.

This collection forms a companion volume to The medical renaissance of the sixteenth century (1985 edited by Andrew Wear, Roger French and I. M. Lonie). The medical revolution of the seventeenth century (1989, edited by Roger French and Andrew Wear), The medical enlightenment of the eighteenth century (1990, edited by Andrew Cunningham and Roger French), and The laboratory revolution in medicine (1992, edited by Andrew Cunningham and Perry Williams).

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521158671
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 11/25/2010
  • Edition description: Reissue
  • Pages: 418
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations and tables ix

List of contributors and editors xi

Acknowledgements xii

Note on names xiii

Introduction: Practical medicine from Salerno to the Black Death Luis García-Ballester 1

1 Astrology in medical practice Roger French 30

2 The science and practice of medicine in the thirteenth century according to Guglielmo da Saliceto, Italian surgeon Jole Agrimi Chiara Crisciani 60

3 How to write a Latin book on surgery: organizing principles and authorial devices in Guglielmo da Saliceto and Dino del Garbo Nancy G. Siraisi 88

4 Derivation and revulsion: the theory and practice of medieval phlebotomy Pedro Gil-Sotres 110

5 Surgical texts and social contexts: physicians and surgeons in Paris, c. 1270 to 1430 Cornelius O'Boyle 156

6 Medical practice in Paris in the first half of the fourteenth century Danielle Jacquart 186

7 Royal surgeons and the value of medical learning: the Crown of Aragon, 1300-1350 Michael R. McVaugh 211

8 Facing the Black Death: perceptions and reactions of university medical practitioners Jon Arrizabalaga 237

9 John of Arderne and the Mediterranean tradition of scholastic surgery Peter Murray Jones 289

10 Documenting medieval women's medical practice Monica H. Green 322

11 A marginal learned medical world: Jewish, Muslim and Christian medical practitioners, and the use of Arabic medical sources in late medieval Spain Luis García-Ballester 353

Index 395

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