Practical Radiation Protection and Applied Radiobiology / Edition 1

Practical Radiation Protection and Applied Radiobiology / Edition 1

by Steven B. Dowd
     
 

The latest edition of this text presents both theory and clinical practice of radiation protection and radiobiology — from X-ray production and nuclear medicine to radiation therapy. Updated to reflect recent regulations, this text serves as a complete review for national certification exams as well as a useful review for clinical practice. See more details below

Overview

The latest edition of this text presents both theory and clinical practice of radiation protection and radiobiology — from X-ray production and nuclear medicine to radiation therapy. Updated to reflect recent regulations, this text serves as a complete review for national certification exams as well as a useful review for clinical practice.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780721649177
Publisher:
Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date:
04/28/1994
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
270

Table of Contents

Ch. 1The Basis for Radiation Protection1
What is Radiation Protection?2
Basic Concepts of Risk Versus Benefit2
The Professional Role of the Radiologic Technologist7
Ch. 2The Production of X-Radiation20
The Production of X-Rays21
Radiographic Equipment23
Fluoroscopic Equipment25
An Overview of Linear Accelerators27
Ch. 3Ionizing Radiation31
Definitions32
Radiation Units37
Detection Instruments39
Ch. 4Interactions of Radiation with Matter50
Basic Concepts of Interaction: Absorption and Attenuation51
Photoelectric Effect53
Coherent Scattering55
Compton Scattering56
Pair Production and Photodisintegration58
Interactions of Particulate Radiation with Matter60
Linear Energy Transfer60
Determining Radiation Dose62
Ch. 5Introduction to Biologic Effects: From Cells to Organs67
History69
Review of Cell Biology71
Radiation Effects on the Cell78
Relative Organ Radiosensitivity82
Ch. 6Further Concepts of Radiobiology86
Studies of Biologic Effects87
Modern Radiation Incidents90
Dose-Response Curves91
Stochastic Effects94
Nonstochastic Effects94
Ch. 7Early Effects of Radiation97
Acute Radiation Syndromes98
Local Tissue Damage100
Hematologic Depression104
Cytogenetic Depression104
Ch. 8Late Effects of Radiation111
General Concepts of Epidemiology112
Leukemia113
Other Malignant Disease113
Local Tissue Damage116
Life-Span Shortening118
Genetic Damage118
Fetal Irradiation121
Ch. 9Health Physics128
Risk Versus Benefit130
Organizations that Derive Standards131
Regulatory Agencies Responsible for Protecting the Public and Occupationally Exposed Personnel from Unnecessary Exposure to Ionizing Radiation133
Typical Duties of a Physicist or Radiation Safety Officer136
Role of the Radiologic Technologist in Meeting Regulatory Requirements145
Ch. 10Protecting the Radiographer155
Time156
Distance157
Shielding160
The Pregnant Radiographer163
Radiation Protection During Mobile Radiography165
Radiation Protection During Fluoroscopy169
Ch. 11Protecting the Patient in Radiography176
Technique Selection177
Filtration180
Grids182
Position and Projection183
Image Receptors184
Beam Limitation (Collimation)187
Shielding188
Immobilization190
Patient Instructions191
Repeat Exposures193
Equipment194
Patient Doses196
Certification and Education197
The Pregnant or Potentially Pregnant Patient198
Protecting Children199
Ch. 12Radiation Protection in Nuclear Medicine204
Protecting the Nuclear Medicine Technologist206
Protecting Other Personnel in the Work Environment210
Protecting the Patient213
Radionuclide Therapy217
Ch. 13Applying Radiobiology and Protection to Radiation Therapy227
The Art and Science of Radiation Therapy228
Using Higher-Energy Beams237
Treatment Planning238
Cardinal Principles of Radiation Protection240
Quality Assurance Programs243
Appendix A246
Bibliography256
Index261

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